Query : 2005A&A...434..553P

2005A&A...434..553P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 434, 553-568 (2005/5-1)

Massive elliptical galaxies in X-rays: The role of late gas accretion.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present a new chemical evolution model meant to be a first step in the self-consistent study of both optical and X-ray properties of elliptical galaxies. Detailed cooling and heating processes in the interstellar medium (ISM) are taken into account using a mono-phase one-zone treatment which allows a more reliable modelling of the galactic wind regime with respect to previous work. The model successfully reproduces simultaneously the mass-metallicity, the colour-magnitude, the LX-LB and the LX-T relations, as well as the observed trend of the [Mg/Fe] ratio as a function of σ, by adopting the prescriptions of Pipino & Matteucci (2004MNRAS.347..968P) for the gas infall and star formation timescales. We found that a late secondary accretion of gas from the environment plays a fundamental role in driving the LX-LB and LX-T relations and can explain their large observational scatter. The iron discrepancy, namely the too high predicted iron abundance in X-ray haloes of ellipticals compared to observations, still persists. On the other hand, we predict [O/Fe] in the ISM which is in good agreement with the most recent observations. We suggest possible mechanisms acting on a galactic scale which may solve the iron discrepancy. In particular, mixing of gas driven by AGNs may preserve the gas mass (and thus the X-ray luminosity) while diluting the iron abundance. New predictions for the amounts of iron, oxygen and energy ejected into the intracluster medium (ICM) are presented and we conclude that type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) play a fundamental role in the ICM enrichment. SNe Ia activity, in fact, may power a galactic wind lasting for a considerable amount of the galactic lifetime, even in the case for which the efficiency of energy transfer into the ISM per SN Ia event is less than unity.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: abundances - galaxies: evolution - X-rays: ISM

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 NGC 507 BiC 01 23 39.950 +33 15 22.22   13.0       ~ 413 3
2 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1510 1
3 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6645 3
4 NGC 4636 LIN 12 42 49.8333280080 +02 41 15.951929028   12.62 11.84     ~ 1071 1
5 NGC 5044 BiC 13 15 23.9607836592 -16 23 07.547751744   11.9   10.74   ~ 473 0

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