2005A&A...435..437U


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.01.24CET01:57:07

2005A&A...435..437U - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 435, 437-447 (2005/5-4)

The Σ-D relation for supernova remnants in nearby galaxies.

UROSEVIC D., PANNUTI T.G., DURIC N. and THEODOROU A.

Abstract (from CDS):

This paper examines relations between the radio surface brightness Σ and the diameter D (also known as Σ-D relations) for a sample of extragalactic supernova remnants (SNRs) as constructed from a combination of published data and data from our own surveys. Our sample of extragalactic SNRs is the largest ever devised for the purpose of analyzing Σ-D relations. The main results of this paper may be summarized as follows: (i) the empirical relations for SNRs in 10 of the 11 nearby galaxies studied have the approximately trivial Σ∝D–2 form, therefore limiting their interpretation as physically meaningful relations. In addition, these relations are subject to selection effects rendering them even less useful. Further Monte Carlo simulations suggest that the effect of survey sensitivity has the opposite effect of volume selection (e.g. Malmquist bias, a volume selection effect that shapes the Galactic sample) by tending to flatten the slopes toward a trivial relation. In this case, the true slopes may be steeper than the observed slopes; (ii) compact M 82 SNRs appear to follow a uniquely different Σ-D relation in comparison to the larger, older SNRs in the other 10 galaxies. Monte Carlo simulations suggest that the probability of this difference arising by chance is ≃1% to 10%, depending on what is assumed regarding the underlying SNR population; (iii) three candidate hypernova remnants were identified in our sample of 11 nearby galaxies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: supernova remnants - methods: statistical - radio continuum: galaxies

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/435/437): tablea1.dat>

CDS comments: parag 2.2.8: VLA-8 = EQ J043048.0+645056, VLA-16 = EQ J043047.2+645104 (VLA from van der Hulst+, in preparation since 2002).

Simbad objects: 162

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Number of rows : 162

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 BA 1-449 SNR 00 40 47.20 +40 55 24.9           ~ 16 1
2 BA 1-416 SNR 00 41 35.65 +41 06 56.8           ~ 25 0
3 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11155 1
4 [LL2014] 49 SNR 00 42 49.750 +41 33 53.57           ~ 6 0
5 BA 1-521 SNR 00 42 53.70 +41 25 51.3     21.29     ~ 25 1
6 [WB92a] 86 SNR 00 43 03.775 +41 36 15.42           ~ 8 0
7 BA 1-23 SNR 00 43 27.871 +41 18 29.83           ~ 34 0
8 BA 1-55 PN 00 43 39.20 +41 26 52.9     20.35     ~ 33 1
9 [WB92a] 180 SNR 00 43 40.461 +41 10 53.20           ~ 7 0
10 RX J0043.8+4111 SNR 00 43 53.525 +41 12 03.13           ~ 13 0
11 BA 1-581 SNR 00 43 55.556 +41 52 45.77           ~ 11 0
12 BA 1-22 SNR 00 43 58.274 +41 13 27.94           ~ 23 0
13 [LL2014] 82 SNR 00 44 01.10 +41 21 05.5     22.33     ~ 10 0
14 [WB92a] 310 HII 00 44 10.020 +41 34 17.91           ~ 8 0
15 RX J0044.2+4119 SNR 00 44 13.395 +41 19 54.32           ~ 12 0
16 RX J0044.6+4125 SNR 00 44 36.30 +41 25 14.0           ~ 6 0
17 USNO-B1.0 1314-00013601 SNR 00 44 38.91 +41 25 28.8           ~ 6 0
18 [WB92a] 527A bub 00 44 44.0 +41 26 47           ~ 6 0
19 USNO-B1.0 1314-00013705 SNR 00 44 47.166 +41 29 20.03           ~ 9 0
20 [WB92a] 566 HII 00 44 49.345 +41 29 18.58           ~ 4 0
21 [WB92a] 567 SNR 00 44 49.525 +41 53 05.57           ~ 9 0
22 [WB92a] 574 SNR 00 44 50.409 +41 27 53.77           ~ 8 0
23 2MASS J00445095+4129058 SNR 00 44 50.950 +41 29 05.86           ~ 14 0
24 USNO-B1.0 1319-00013971 SNR 00 44 52.815 +41 54 58.03           ~ 12 0
25 [WB92a] 638 EmO 00 44 59.892 +41 28 21.99           ~ 5 0
26 [WB92a] 640A EmO 00 45 00.172 +41 33 20.63           ~ 5 0
27 BA 1-160 SNR 00 45 14.00 +41 36 14.1     21.42     ~ 30 0
28 [WB92a] 774 SNR 00 45 26.551 +41 42 52.81           ~ 8 0
29 [LL2014] 133 SNR 00 45 27.659 +41 43 02.83           ~ 9 0
30 [WB92a] 817 EmO 00 45 35.340 +41 47 10.78           ~ 6 0
31 [WB92a] 891 bub 00 46 09.725 +42 13 11.13           ~ 6 0
32 [WB92a] 947 SNR 00 46 40.523 +42 11 28.04           ~ 7 0
33 SNR B0045-73.4 SNR 00 47 32.9 -73 07 46           ~ 47 1
34 SNR B0047-73.5 SNR 00 49 07.75 -73 14 02.0           ~ 54 0
35 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 9656 1
36 NAME DEM S 68SE SNR 00 52 43.00 -72 37 06.0           ~ 41 0
37 DDB NGC 300 2 SNR 00 54 40.92 -37 40 40.1           ~ 15 0
38 [BL97] N300-S11 SNR 00 54 42.61 -37 43 13.7           ~ 15 2
39 NGC 300 GiG 00 54 53.4460065856 -37 41 03.182962667 8.83 8.69 8.13 7.46   ~ 1345 2
40 DDB NGC 300 5 SNR 00 55 15.64 -37 44 33.0           ~ 16 0
41 NAME SMC B0058-7149 SNR 01 00 17.50 -71 32 49.1           ~ 31 0
42 [MA93] 1367 HXB 01 03 13.9174859851 -72 09 14.259395723   14.70 14.79 15.0   B0.5IV-V 87 2
43 SNR B0102-72.3 SNR 01 04 01.2 -72 01 52           ~ 350 1
44 IC 1613 GiC 01 04 54.2 +02 08 00   10.42 10.01 9.77   ~ 1120 2
45 DDB IC 1613 1 SNR 01 05 02.70 +02 08 40.0           ~ 22 0
46 SNR B0103-72.6 SNR 01 05 05.6 -72 23 20           ~ 74 1
47 [LBW2010] 1 bub 01 32 30.60 +30 27 41.0           ~ 10 1
48 [DGG95] 48 SNR 01 32 31.50 +30 35 31.0           ~ 10 0
49 M33SNR 3 bub 01 32 42.50 +30 20 57.0           ~ 9 1
50 M33SNR 5 SNR 01 32 53.57 +30 38 15.2 18.60 19.19 19.33     ~ 25 0
51 SNR B013007+30252 SNR 01 32 55.90 +30 40 41.0           ~ 20 0
52 SNR B013008+30241 SNR 01 32 57.10 +30 39 26.7     14.3     ~ 29 0
53 [LBW2010] 13 SNR 01 33 00.35 +30 44 07.2           ~ 12 0
54 [LBW2010] 17 SNR 01 33 03.60 +30 31 21.0           ~ 11 0
55 SNR B013015+30245 SNR 01 33 03.96 +30 39 53.2           ~ 31 0
56 SNR B013021+30241 SNR 01 33 10.10 +30 39 31.0           ~ 15 0
57 SNR B013022+30244 SNR 01 33 11.13 +30 39 43.9           ~ 23 0
58 SNR B013022+30190 SNR 01 33 11.30 +30 34 22.0           ~ 16 0
59 SNR B013022+30233 SNR 01 33 11.80 +30 38 41.5   18.8 18.80     ~ 38 1
60 [LBW2010] 27 SNR 01 33 17.40 +30 31 27.0           ~ 10 0
61 [LBW2010] 31 SNR 01 33 22.70 +30 27 03.0           ~ 11 0
62 SNR B013035+30108 SNR 01 33 23.86 +30 26 13.4           ~ 22 0
63 [LBW2010] 33 SNR 01 33 26.70 +30 47 48.0           ~ 11 0
64 [LBW2010] 34 SNR 01 33 28.11 +30 31 35.3   20.59 20.83     ~ 18 0
65 SNR B013040+30269 SNR 01 33 29.03 +30 42 17.0           ~ 34 0
66 [LBW2010] 37 SNR 01 33 29.45 +30 49 10.6           ~ 24 0
67 [LBW2010] 38 SNR 01 33 30.20 +30 47 45.0           ~ 11 0
68 SNR B013042+30182 SNR 01 33 31.24 +30 33 33.4 18.78 20.65 20.25     ~ 47 0
69 SNR B013047+30211 SNR 01 33 35.92 +30 36 27.5           ~ 43 0
70 [LBW2010] 51 SNR 01 33 40.80 +30 52 13.0           ~ 10 0
71 [LBW2010] 52 SNR 01 33 41.20 +30 32 28.0           ~ 10 0
72 [LBW2010] 53 SNR 01 33 41.80 +30 21 02.0           ~ 11 0
73 [LBW2010] 56 SNR 01 33 43.534 +30 41 02.97           ~ 13 0
74 SNR B013059+30177 SNR 01 33 48.45 +30 33 05.6     14.2     ~ 35 0
75 SNR B013101+30201 SNR 01 33 49.80 +30 35 26.0           ~ 15 0
76 ChASeM33 J013350.89+303936.6 SNR 01 33 50.90 +30 39 36.6           ~ 87 1
77 M 33 GiG 01 33 50.904 +30 39 35.79 6.17 6.27 5.72     ~ 5232 1
78 SNR B013102+30285 SNR 01 33 51.40 +30 43 53.0           ~ 14 0
79 [LBW2010] 66 SNR 01 33 51.60 +30 31 00.0           ~ 11 0
80 SNR B013105+30185 SNR 01 33 54.52 +30 33 51.6           ~ 16 0
81 [HP2001] 103 SNR 01 33 54.84 +30 45 18.6           ~ 12 0
82 SNR B013106+30178 SNR 01 33 54.88 +30 33 10.6           ~ 44 0
83 SNR B013108+30196 SNR 01 33 57.033 +30 35 00.70           ~ 14 0
84 [LBW2010] 75 SNR 01 33 57.30 +30 40 48.0           ~ 11 0
85 SNR B013109+30168 SNR 01 33 58.04 +30 32 01.3           ~ 14 1
86 SNR B013110+30182 SNR 01 33 58.51 +30 33 33.1 18.32 19.37 19.52     ~ 21 0
87 [LBW2010] 82 SNR 01 33 58.70 +30 51 54.0           ~ 9 0
88 SNR B013111+30270 SNR 01 34 00.29 +30 42 18.4           ~ 26 0
89 [HS80] B481 a V* 01 34 02.40 +30 31 03.3   18.58 18.09     ~ 17 0
90 SNR B013114+30294 SNR 01 34 03.50 +30 44 43.0           ~ 13 0
91 [LBW2010] 91 SNR 01 34 04.10 +30 32 57.0           ~ 12 0
92 SNR B013121+30271 SNR 01 34 10.67 +30 42 23.6           ~ 40 0
93 SNR B013126+30176 SNR 01 34 15.70 +30 32 58.0           ~ 15 0
94 M33SNR 84 SNR 01 34 16.50 +30 52 44.0           ~ 5 0
95 SNR B013128+30260 SNR 01 34 17.444 +30 41 24.04           ~ 15 0
96 [LBW2010] 120 SNR 01 34 29.40 +30 41 33.0           ~ 9 0
97 [LBW2010] 121 SNR 01 34 30.40 +30 35 44.0           ~ 10 0
98 SNR B013152+30281 SNR 01 34 41.03 +30 43 27.8           ~ 22 0
99 EQ J043047.2+645104 Rad 04 30 47.2 +64 51 04           ~ 5 0
100 [W91] 3 HII 04 30 48.0 +64 50 56           ~ 6 0
101 EQ J043048.0+645056 Rad 04 30 48.0 +64 50 56           ~ 5 0
102 NGC 1569 IG 04 30 49.186 +64 50 52.52 11.72 11.86 11.03     ~ 1165 3
103 CXOU J043054.0+645043 HXB 04 30 54.13 +64 50 43.5           ~ 8 0
104 SNR B0450-70.9 SNR 04 49 48.85 -70 51 08.8           ~ 33 0
105 SNR B0453-68.5 SNR 04 53 36.00 -68 29 30.0           ~ 72 1
106 SNR J045447-662528 SNR 04 54 48.00 -66 25 42.0           ~ 107 0
107 NAME LMC B0455-6843 SNR 04 55 55.9 -68 38 29           ~ 63 1
108 DEM L 34 HII 04 56 34.3 -66 26 52           ~ 100 0
109 SNR J045949-700835 SNR 04 59 54.00 -70 08 06.0           ~ 54 0
110 SNR J050555-680150 SNR 05 05 55.00 -68 01 54.0           ~ 80 0
111 SNR B0513-69.2 SNR 05 13 28.20 -69 11 52.0           ~ 17 0
112 NGC 1918 SNR 05 19 04.50 -69 38 56.0           ~ 94 0
113 SNR B0519-69.0 SNR 05 19 35.14 -69 02 00.5           ~ 132 0
114 SNR J051945-692600 SNR 05 19 45.00 -69 26 00.0           ~ 42 0
115 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 15122 1
116 NGC 1948 As* 05 24 20.00 -66 24 12.0   10.81 10.61     ~ 100 0
117 SNR J052501-693842 SNR 05 25 02.20 -69 38 39.0           ~ 353 1
118 SNR B0525-66.0 SNR 05 25 27.1 -65 59 11           ~ 92 1
119 SNR J052559-660453 SNR 05 26 00.4 -66 05 02     12.71     ~ 411 2
120 SNR J052741-691207 SNR 05 27 39.00 -69 12 12.0           ~ 34 0
121 SNR B0527-65.8 SNR 05 27 57.00 -65 49 54.0           ~ 35 0
122 SNR B0528-67.2 SNR 05 28 24.10 -67 10 11.0           ~ 10 0
123 NGC 2018 As* 05 31 24.00 -71 04 24.0   10.91 10.89     ~ 102 1
124 SNR J053400-695508 SNR 05 33 59.00 -69 55 00.0           ~ 62 0
125 SNR B0534-70.5 SNR 05 34 08.80 -70 34 28.0           ~ 61 0
126 NGC 2029 SNR 05 35 15.5 -67 34 04     12.29     ~ 91 0
127 SNR B0535-66.0 SNR 05 35 43.1 -66 01 59           ~ 159 1
128 SNR J053605-703826 SNR 05 36 07.00 -70 38 48.0           ~ 55 0
129 SNR B0547-69.7 SNR 05 47 17.5 -69 41 38           ~ 92 1
130 SNR B0548-70.4 SNR 05 47 50.00 -70 24 54.0           ~ 77 0
131 TNG 37.6+24.2 Rad 06 18 37.60 +78 21 24.0           ~ 3 0
132 NGC 2146 SBG 06 18 37.710 +78 21 25.27 11.67 11.38 10.59     ~ 637 2
133 TNG 38.9+22.5 Rad 06 18 38.90 +78 21 22.0           ~ 2 0
134 TNG 41.4+15.0 Rad 06 18 41.40 +78 21 15.0           ~ 2 0
135 [HTC94] 1 SNR 09 55 47.87 +69 40 43.7           ~ 22 0
136 [MMW2002] 39.40+56.1 SNR 09 55 48.15 +69 40 42.5           ~ 15 0
137 [FMB2008] 39.64+53.3 SNR 09 55 48.41 +69 40 39.7           ~ 13 0
138 [FMB2008] 40.61+56.3 SNR 09 55 49.33 +69 40 42.3           ~ 15 0
139 [HTC94] 40.7+55.1 SNR 09 55 49.42 +69 40 41.4           ~ 18 0
140 [FMB2008] 41.30+59.6 SNR 09 55 50.04 +69 40 45.9           ~ 22 0
141 [HTC94] 29 SNR 09 55 50.041 +69 40 44.57           ~ 19 0
142 CXOU J095550.6+694043 HXB 09 55 50.68 +69 40 43.8           ~ 92 0
143 [FMB2008] 42.67+55.6 SNR 09 55 51.37 +69 40 41.8           ~ 15 0
144 [FMB2008] 42.80+61.2 SNR 09 55 51.54 +69 40 47.5           ~ 11 0
145 [FMB2008] 43.31+59.2 SNR 09 55 52.03 +69 40 45.4           ~ 31 0
146 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5410 6
147 NAME 44.0+59.5 SNR 09 55 52.72 +69 40 45.8           ~ 43 1
148 [FMB2008] 44.28+59.3 SNR 09 55 52.99 +69 40 45.5           ~ 17 0
149 [HTC94] 37 SNR 09 55 53.23 +69 40 44.3           ~ 18 0
150 [UPA84] 45.2+61 SNR 09 55 53.88 +69 40 47.4 20.412 20.009 19.315   18.763 ~ 26 0
151 [FMB2008] 45.24+65.2 SNR 09 55 53.96 +69 40 51.4           ~ 16 0
152 [FMB2008] 45.42+67.4 SNR 09 55 54.13 +69 40 53.5           ~ 18 0
153 [MMW2002] 45.79+65.2 SNR 09 55 54.46 +69 40 51.5           ~ 18 0
154 [FMB2008] 45.89+63.8 SNR 09 55 54.60 +69 40 50.0           ~ 15 0
155 [FMB2008] 46.52+63.9 SNR 09 55 55.20 +69 40 50.0           ~ 19 0
156 [FMB2008] 46.70+67.1 SNR 09 55 55.38 +69 40 53.2           ~ 19 0
157 [LDG97] 51 SNR 20 34 51.50 +60 07 39.0           ~ 8 0
158 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2286 2
159 [FT87] NGC 6946 1 SNR 20 35 00.74 +60 11 30.6           ~ 91 0
160 [BL97] N7793-S11 HXB 23 57 48.110 -32 36 56.16           ~ 8 0
161 NGC 7793 GiG 23 57 49.7533807411 -32 35 27.708304655 10.26 9.74 9.28 9.06 9.7 ~ 943 2
162 [BL97] N7793-S26 SNR 23 58 00.27 -32 33 22.1           ~ 48 0

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2021.01.24-01:57:07

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