2005A&A...436...25E


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.03.07CET19:46:49

2005A&A...436...25E - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 436, 25-35 (2005/6-2)

COSMOGRAIL: The COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses. I. How to sample the light curves of gravitationally lensed quasars to measure accurate time delays.

EIGENBROD A., COURBIN F., VUISSOZ C., MEYLAN G., SAHA P. and DYE S.

Abstract (from CDS):

We use numerical simulations to test a broad range of plausible observational strategies designed to measure the time delay between the images of gravitationally lensed quasars. Artificial quasar light curves are created along with Monte-Carlo simulations in order to determine the best temporal sampling to adopt when monitoring the photometric variations of systems with time delays between 5 and 120 days, i.e., always shorter than the visibility window across the year. Few and realistic assumptions are necessary on the quasar photometric variations (peak-to-peak amplitude and time-scale of the variations) and on the accuracy of the individual photometric points. The output of the simulations is the (statistical) relative error made on the time delay measurement, as a function of 1- the object visibility over the year; 2- the temporal sampling of the light curves; and 3- the time delay. Also investigated is the effect of long term microlensing variations which must be below the 5% level (either intrinsically or by subtraction) if the goal is to measure time delays with an accuracy of 1-2%. However, while microlensing increases the random error on the time delay, it does not significantly increase the systematic error, which is always a factor 5 to 10 smaller than the random error. Finally, it is shown that, when the time delay is comparable to the visibility window of the object, a logarithmic sampling can significantly improve the time delay determination. All results are presented in the form of compact plots to be used to optimize the observational strategy of future monitoring programs.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gravitational lensing - cosmological parameters - cosmology: observations

Simbad objects: 14

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Number of rows : 14

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 [BCL98] RX J0911.4+0551 A1 LeI 09 11 27.55 +05 50 52.8           ~ 32 0
2 QSO B0908+0603 QSO 09 11 27.6052 +05 50 54.281   18.44 18.16     ~ 214 2
3 [VV98] J095122.6+263513 QSO 09 51 22.5840 +26 35 13.786   17.66 17.31     ~ 97 1
4 8C 0958+561 QSO 10 01 20.6915852239 +55 53 55.595776916   17.16 16.95     ~ 703 3
5 QSO B0957+5608B QSO 10 01 20.8374436455 +55 53 49.543959298   17.16 16.95     ~ 266 1
6 QSO B1104-181 QSO 11 06 33.39 -18 21 23.8   15.8 15.9 15.7   ~ 307 1
7 QSO B1115+080A QSO 11 18 16.951 +07 45 58.23   16.61 16.44     ~ 637 2
8 QSO B1520+530 QSO 15 21 44.8 +52 54 49   18.2       ~ 118 2
9 QSO B1600+4344 QSO 16 01 40.4818 +43 16 47.394   22.12 21.92     ~ 178 1
10 [MFD95] 1608+656 D LeG 16 09 13.7741 +65 32 27.742           ~ 21 0
11 [MFD95] 1608+656 A LeG 16 09 13.9559 +65 32 28.999           ~ 22 0
12 [MFD95] 1608+656 B LeG 16 09 14.0749 +65 32 27.037           ~ 21 0
13 [MFD95] 1608+656 C LeG 16 09 14.0759 +65 32 28.546           ~ 21 0
14 QSO B2149-2745 QSO 21 52 07.4534 -27 31 49.718   18.70 18.39     ~ 98 2

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.03.07-19:46:49

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