2005A&A...439.1093K


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.12.15CET22:08:06

2005A&A...439.1093K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 439, 1093-1098 (2005/9-1)

Inhomogeneous distribution of mercury on the surfaces of rapidly rotating HgMn stars.

KOCHUKHOV O., PISKUNOV N., SACHKOV M. and KUDRYAVTSEV D.

Abstract (from CDS):

Starspots are usually associated with the action of magnetic fields at stellar surfaces. However, an inhomogeneous chemical distribution of mercury was found recently for the mercury-manganese (HgMn) star α And - a well-established member of a non-magnetic subclass of the chemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence. In this study we present first results of the high-resolution survey of the HgII 3984Å resonance line in the spectra of rapidly rotating HgMn stars with atmospheric parameters similar to those of α And. We use spectrum synthesis modelling and take advantage of the Doppler resolution of stellar surfaces to probe the horizontal structure of mercury distribution. Clear signatures of spots are found in the HgII 3984Å line profiles of HR 1185 and HR 8723. Two observations of the latter star separated by two days give evidence for line profile variability. We conclude that inhomogeneous distribution of Hg is a common phenomenon for the rapidly rotating HgMn stars in the 13000-13800K effective temperature range independent of the stellar evolutionary stage. These results establish the existence of a new class of spectrum variable spotted B-type stars. It is suggested that the observed Hg inhomogeneities arise from dynamical instabilities in the chemical diffusion processes and are unrelated to magnetic phenomena.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): line: profiles - stars: atmospheres - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: individual: HR 1185 - stars: individual: HR 8723

Simbad objects: 6

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Number of rows : 6

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 * t Tau PM* 03 32 35.9434257368 +09 22 24.428651280 5.39 5.684 5.757     B9III 64 0
2 HD 23950 * 03 49 55.0667676722 +22 14 38.950974883   6.046 6.070     B8III 97 0
3 HD 28929 * 04 34 37.9929630108 +28 57 40.152251474   5.82 5.9     B8/9 78 0
4 * 93 Tau * 04 40 03.4217323517 +12 11 51.403129601   5.319 5.445     B8IV 64 0
5 HD 31373 * 04 55 50.1520888638 +15 02 24.957560296   5.701 5.776     B9V 57 0
6 HD 216831 * 22 55 44.5076400010 +36 21 05.023978140   5.665 5.725     B7III 72 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.12.15-22:08:06

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