2005A&A...441..159N


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.07.19CEST23:47:48

2005A&A...441..159N - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 441, 159 (2005/10-1)

A combined optical/infrared spectral diagnostic analysis of the HH1 jet.

NISINI B., BACCIOTTI F., GIANNINI T., MASSI F., EISLOEFFEL J., PODIO L. and RAY T.P.

Abstract (from CDS):

Complete flux-calibrated spectra covering the spectral range from 6000Å to 2.5µm have been obtained along the HH1 jet and analysed in order to explore the potential of a combined optical/near-IR diagnostic applied to jets from young stellar objects. The main physical parameters (visual extinction, electron temperature and density, ionization fraction and total density) have been derived along the jet using various diagnostic line ratios. This multi-line analysis shows, in each spatially unresolved knot, the presence of zones at different excitation conditions, as expected from the cooling layers behind a shock front. In particular, a density stratification in the jet is evident from ratios of various lines of different critical density. We measure electron densities in the range 6x102-3x103cm–3 with the [SII] optical doublet lines, 4x103-104cm–3 with the near-IR [FeII] lines, and 105-106cm–3 with optical [FeII] and CaII lines. The electron temperature also shows variations, with values between 8000-11000K derived from optical/near-IR [FeII] lines and 11000-20000K from a combined diagnostic employing optical [OI] and [NII] lines. Thus [FeII] lines originate in a cooling layer located at larger distances from the shock front than that generating the optical lines, where the compression is higher and the temperature is declining. The derived parameters were used to measure the mass flux along the jet, adopting different procedures, the advantages and limitations of which are discussed. The [FeII] 1.64µm line luminosity turns out to be more suitable to measure {dot}(M)jet than the optical lines, since it samples a fraction of the total mass flowing through a knot larger than the [OI] or [SII] lines. {dot}(M)jet is high in the initial part of the flow (∼2.2x10–7M/yr) but decreases by about an order of magnitude further out. Conversely, the mass flux associated with the warm molecular material is low, {dot}(M)H2∼10–9M/yr, and does not show appreciable variations along the jet. We suggest that part of the mass flux in the external regions is not revealed in optical and IR lines because it is associated with a colder atomic component, which may be traced by the far-IR [OI]63µm line. Finally, we find that the gas-phase abundance of refractory species, such as Fe, C, Ca, and Ni, is lower than the solar value, with the lowest values (between 10 and 30% of solar) derived in the inner and densest regions. This suggests a significant fraction of dust grains may still be present in the jet beam, imposing constraints on the efficiency of grain destruction by multiple low-velocity shock events.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: circumstellar matter - infrared: ISM - ISM: Herbig-Haro objects - ISM: jets and outflows

Nomenclature: Fig.1, Table 2: [EMB94] HH 1 AJ (Nos IJ to LJ) added.

Simbad objects: 19

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Number of rows : 19

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
#notes
1 HH 1 HH 05 36 20.8 -06 45 13           ~ 400 1
2 NAME HH 1-2 HH 05 36 22.8 -06 46 03           ~ 199 1
3 NAME HH 1-2 VLA 1 Y*O 05 36 22.84 -06 46 06.2           ~ 96 0
4 HH 2 HH 05 36.4 -06 47           ~ 335 1
5 LDN 1641 MoC 05 39.0 -07 00           ~ 416 0
6 NAME Flame Nebula HII 05 41 42.7 -01 54 44           ~ 690 1
7 NAME Ori B MoC 05 41 43.0 -01 54 44           ~ 1116 0
8 [EMB94] HH 1 HJ HH ~ ~           ~ 2 0
9 [EMB94] HH 1 IJ HH ~ ~           ~ 1 0
10 [EMB94] HH 1 AJ HH ~ ~           ~ 3 0
11 [EMB94] HH 1 KJ HH ~ ~           ~ 1 0
12 [EMB94] HH 1 LJ HH ~ ~           ~ 1 0
13 [EMB94] HH 1 JJ HH ~ ~           ~ 1 0
14 [EMB94] HH 1 BJ HH ~ ~           ~ 3 0
15 [EMB94] HH 1 CJ HH ~ ~           ~ 3 0
16 [EMB94] HH 1 DJ HH ~ ~           ~ 3 0
17 [EMB94] HH 1 EJ HH ~ ~           ~ 3 0
18 [EMB94] HH 1 FJ HH ~ ~           ~ 2 0
19 [EMB94] HH 1 GJ HH ~ ~           ~ 2 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.07.19-23:47:48

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