Query : 2005A&A...443..211M

2005A&A...443..211M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 443, 211-222 (2005/11-3)

Properties of galactic B[e] supergiants. V. Two-dimensional radiative transfer model of RY Sct and its dusty disc.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present results of the first two-dimensional radiative transfer modelling of the eclipsing binary RY Sct and its dusty disc. Assuming an effective temperature T*=27000K for both components and the distance D=1.8kpc, we derive the total luminosity L*=4.2x105L. The optically thin dusty disc (τV≃0.04 in the equatorial plane) extends from its inner boundary at R1=60AU to the distances of R2≃105AU, where it blends into the interstellar medium. The very high energy output of the supergiants heats up the interstellar dust, well beyond the outer boundary, to temperatures of ∼100K. It is the large interstellar extinction towards RY Sct (AV=4.5mag) that defines its spectral energy distribution in the ultraviolet, optical and near infrared. The disc has a full opening angle ψ=26° and we observe it at a viewing angle θv=14° from its midplane (inclination i=76°). There is a strong density enhancement in the disc within a narrow ring at r = 1500AU, that emits most of the infrared flux and is prominent in Keck telescope images Gehrz et al. (2001ApJ...559..395G). The dust mass contained in the disc within 1" from the star (r<1800AU) is md=3.2x10–7M, by a factor of 3 lower than in previous estimates. However, in our model there is ∼30 times more mass in the surroundings of the binary system than within the dense ring. As much as 95% of the total dust mass Md=9x10–6M and gas mass M=0.017M of the circumbinary material is contained in the outer, old wind at 1800<r<105AU. Presumably the dense ring has been created by a fast wind that swept out and compressed the previously lost material in the older and slower stellar wind. Based on the new Keck data, our model predicts that presently there is a relatively large number of small, hot dust grains in the dust formation zone, whose emission substantially changes the shape of the SED of RY Sct in the near infrared. This suggests a higher mass-loss rate or dust-to-gas mass ratio or lower wind velocity, or a combination of these factors.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: emission-line, Be - stars: individual: RY Sct - stars: circumstellar matter - radiative transfer

Simbad objects: 7

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Number of rows : 7
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 HD 45677 Be* 06 28 17.4219710352 -13 03 11.128860972 7.86 8.52 8.50 8.11 8.01 B2IV/V[e] 318 0
2 HD 50138 Ae* 06 51 33.3989823840 -06 57 59.450772852 6.28 6.68 6.67     A1Ib/II 210 0
3 IRC +10216 C* 09 47 57.40632 +13 16 43.5648     10.96     C9,5e 2246 0
4 HD 327083 s*b 17 15 15.3711774600 -40 20 06.792259560 12.07 11.44 10.00 9.64   B6Ieq 55 0
5 V* RY Sct Be* 18 25 31.4771300232 -12 41 24.192361500 10.25 10.38 9.12 9.46   O9.7Ibep 292 2
6 EM* MWC 300 Ae* 18 29 25.6913480400 -06 04 37.290320796 12.55 12.67 13.795     B1Ia+[e] 132 0
7 V* R CrA Ae* 19 01 53.6764322232 -36 57 08.299341828 12.781 12.651 11.917 11.242 10.412 B5IIIpe 464 1

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