2005A&A...443.1087L


Query : 2005A&A...443.1087L

2005A&A...443.1087L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 443, 1087-1093 (2005/12-1)

Robust reconstruction from chopped and nodded images.

LENZEN F., SCHERZER O. and SCHINDLER S.

Abstract (from CDS):

A well-known technique to reduce the influence of thermal and background noise in ground-based infrared imaging is chopping and nodding, where four different signals of the same object are recorded and from which the object is reconstructed numerically. Since noise in the data can severely affect the reconstruction, regularization algorithms have to be implemented. In this paper we propose to combine iterative reconstruction algorithms with robust statistical methods. Moreover, we study the use of multiple chopped data sets with different chopping amplitudes and the appropriate numerical reconstruction algorithm. Numerical simulations show the robustness of the proposed methods in dealing with noisy data.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): methods: data analysis - techniques: image processing - infrared: general

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 PN Mz 3 PN 16 17 13.3915382496 -51 59 10.711893480   10.8 14.00     O9.5 345 0

Query : 2005A&A...443.1087L

Basic data :
PN Mz 3 -- Planetary Nebula
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
PN (2013MNRAS,Hen,...), IR (IRAS,2MASS,...), * (GSC2,[LFO93],...), AB? (1991A&AS), HII (RCW), G (ESO)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
16 17 13.3915382496 -51 59 10.711893480 (Optical) [ 0.0656 0.0505 90 ] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
16 13 23.0780321099 -51 51 48.258879196 [ 0.0656 0.0505 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
331.7274155836166 -01.0114216021314 [ 0.0656 0.0505 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
-3.549 -3.914 [0.100 0.082 90] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) -21.2 [~] / z(~) -0.000071 [~] / cz -21.20 [~]
   D ~
Syntax of parallax is : 'value quality [error] bibcode'
  • value : parallax value
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • [error] : mean error
  • bibcode : bibcode of the parallax reference
Parallaxes (mas):
0.3658 [0.0856] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Spectral type is made of 3 parts: %coding is composed of 4 parts :
  • the spectral type, which is made of a temperature class, eventually a luminosity class (roman number) and/or spectral peculiarities;
  • a quality letter: A=best quality→E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality %
  • a quality letter: A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality
  • bibcode : bibcode of the spectral type reference
Spectral type:
O9.5 D ~
Syntax of angular size is : "maj-axis min-axis angle (wtype) quality bibcode"
  • maj-axis : major axis size (arc minutes)
  • min-axis : minor axis size (arc minutes)
  • angle : orientation angle (in degrees)
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the angular size (Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • quality : flag of quality of the angular size values ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the angular size reference
Angular size (arcmin):
0.423 0.423 90 (Rad) D 2008ApJ...689..194S
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (6) :
B 10.8 [~] D 2008ApJ...675..380S
V 14.00 [~] E ~
G 13.190141 [0.004264] C 2020yCat.1350....0G
J 9.352 [0.026] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
H 7.355 [0.024] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
K 5.608 [0.017] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
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The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (20) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

NAME Ant Nebula 2MASS J16171340-5159106 PN VV' 136 WISE J161713.33-515910.3
ESO 225-9 MSX5C G331.7287-01.0105 PN Mz 3 WRAY 16-213
GSC2 S23021311129 PK 331-01 1 RCW 101 [LFO93] 1613-51
Hen 2-154 PN G331.7-01.0 SCM 110 Gaia DR2 5934701559547878144
IRAS 16133-5151 PN VV 80 TIC 411282092 Gaia DR3 5934701559547878144

References (345 between 1850 and 2023) (Total 345)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


distance : 1    PLX : 2    PM : 2   

   

Observing logs


herschel : 6    ISO : 9   

   


External archives :

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : PN Mz 3

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

IRAS 16133-5151 2MASS J16171340-5159106 MSX5C G331.7287-01.0105 PN G331.7-01.0 WISE J161713.33-515910.3
Gaia DR2 5934701559547878144 Gaia DR3 5934701559547878144

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2023.02.09-08:03:42

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