Query : 2006A&A...445..661L

2006A&A...445..661L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 445, 661-671 (2006/1-2)

Hydrodynamical simulations of convection-related stellar micro-variability. I. Statistical relations for photometric and photocentric variability.


Abstract (from CDS):

Local-box hydrodynamical model atmospheres provide statistical information about the spatial dependence, as well as temporal evolution, of a star's emergent radiation field. Here, we consider late-type stellar atmospheres for which temporal changes of the radiative output are primarily related to convective (granular) surface flows. We derived relations for evaluating the granulation-induced, disk-integrated thus observable fluctuations of the stellar brightness and location of the photocenter from radiation intensities available from a local model. Apart from their application in the context of hydrodynamical stellar atmospheres, these formulae provide some broader insight into the nature of the fluctuations under consideration. Brightness fluctuations scale inversely proportional to the square root of the number of convective cells (the statistically independently radiating surface elements) present on the stellar surface and increase with more pronounced limb-darkening. Fluctuations of the stellar photocentric position do not depend on the number of cells and are largely insensitive to the degree of limb-darkening. They amount to a small fraction of the typical cell size, and can become a limiting factor for high-precision astrometry in the case of extreme giants. The temporal brightness and positional fluctuations are statistically uncorrelated but closely related in magnitude.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): convection - hydrodynamics - radiative transfer - methods: numerical - stars: atmospheres - stars: late-type

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 * alf CMi SB* 07 39 18.11950 +05 13 29.9552 0.82 0.79 0.37 -0.05 -0.28 F5IV-V+DQZ 1846 0
2 * alf Cen A SB* 14 39 36.49400 -60 50 02.3737 0.96 0.72 0.01     G2V 1248 0

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