C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.12.03CET19:30:55

2006A&A...448..327P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 448, 327-334 (2006/3-2)

Population synthesis as a probe of neutron star thermal evolution.


Abstract (from CDS):

The study of thermal emission from isolated, cooling neutron stars plays a key role in probing the physical conditions of both the star crust and the core. The comparison of theoretical models for the star thermal evolution with the surface temperature derived from X-ray observations of sources of different age is one of the main tools to investigate the properties of the interior and constrain the equation of state. Here we propose to use population synthesis studies as an independent approach to test the physics governing the star cooling. Theoretical LogN-LogS distributions depend on the assumed neutron star thermal evolution. We have computed distributions for several different cooling scenarios and found that comparison with the observed LogN-LogS of isolated neutron stars is effective in discriminating among cooling models. Among the eleven cooling models considered in this paper, all of which may reproduce the observed temperature vs. age diagram, only at most three can explain the LogN-LogS distribution of close-by cooling neutron stars. The LogN-LogS test, being a ``global'' one and despite some limitations, appears indeed capable to ideally complement the standard temperature vs. age test used up to now.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: evolution - stars: neutron - X-rays: stars

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 RX J0720.4-3125 N* 07 20 24.961 -31 25 50.21   26.1   27.0   ~ 285 0
2 PSR J1836+5925 Psr 18 36 13.661 +59 25 29.77           ~ 125 1
3 RX J1856.6-3754 N* 18 56 35.11 -37 54 30.5     25.7     ~ 391 0
4 NAME Gould Belt PoG ~ ~           ~ 730 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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