Query : 2006A&A...453..387P

2006A&A...453..387P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 453, 387-395 (2006/7-2)

Observational constraints on energetic particle diffusion in young supernovae remnants: amplified magnetic field and maximum energy.


Abstract (from CDS):

Constraints on the diffusion and acceleration parameters in five young supernova remnants (SNRs) are derived from the observed thickness of their X-ray rims, as limited by the synchrotron losses of the highest energy electrons, assuming uniform and isotropic turbulence. From a joint study of the electrons diffusion and advection in the downstream medium of the shock, it is shown that the magnetic field must be amplified up to values between 250 and 500µG in the case of Cas A, Kepler, and Tycho, or ∼100µG in the case of SN 1006 and G347.3-0.5. The diffusion coefficient at the highest electron energy can also be derived from the data, by relating the X-ray energy cutoff to the acceleration timescale. Values typically between 1 and 10 times the Bohm diffusion coefficient are found to be required. We also find interesting constraints on the energy dependence of the diffusion coefficient, by requiring that the diffusion coefficient at the maximum proton energy be not smaller than the Bohm value in the amplified field. This favours diffusion regime between the Kraichnan and the Bohm regime, and rejects turbulence spectrum indices larger than ≃3/2. Finally, the maximum energy of the accelerated particles is found to lay between 1013 and 5x1013eV for electrons, and around Zx8x1014eV at most for nuclei (or ∼2.5 times less if a Bohm diffusion regime is assumed), roughly independently of the compression ratio assumed at the shock. Even by taking advantage of the uncertainties on the measured parameters, it appears very difficult for the considered SNRs in their current stage of evolution to produce protons up to the knee of the cosmic-ray spectrum, at ∼3x1015eV, and essentially impossible to accelerate Fe nuclei up to either the ankle at ∼3x1018eV or the second knee at ∼5x1017eV.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): acceleration of particles - magnetic fields - cosmic rays - ISM: supernova remnants

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 SN 1572A SN* 00 25 21.5 +64 08 27           B8 1135 1
2 NAME Lupus SN SNR 15 02 22.1 -42 05 49           ~ 1273 1
3 SNR G347.3-00.5 SNR 17 12 27 -39 41.2     12.27     ~ 680 1
4 NAME Kepler SNR Rad 17 30 35.976 -21 28 56.23           ~ 757 4
5 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00     14.30     ~ 2619 1

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