2007A&A...463...51B


Query : 2007A&A...463...51B

2007A&A...463...51B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 463, 51-67 (2007/2-3)

Neutrino pair annihilation near accreting, stellar-mass black holes.

BIRKL R., ALOY M.A., JANKA H.-T. and MUELLER E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We investigate the deposition of energy and momentum due to the annihilation of neutrinos (ν) and antineutrinos (ν) in the vicinity of steady, axisymmetric accretion tori around stellar-mass black holes (BHs). This process is widely considered as an energy source for driving ultrarelativistic outflows with the potential to produce gamma-ray bursts. We analyze the influence of general relativistic (GR) effects in combination with different neutrinosphere properties on the νν-annihilation efficiency and spatial distribution of the energy deposition rate. Assuming axial symmetry, we numerically compute the annihilation rate 4-vector. For this purpose, we construct the local neutrino distribution by ray-tracing neutrino trajectories in a Kerr space-time using null geodesics. We vary the value of the dimensionless specific angular momentum a of the central BH, which provides the gravitational field in our models. We also study different shapes of the neutrinospheres, spheres, thin disks, and thick accretion tori, whose structure ranges from idealized tori to equilibrium non-selfgravitating matter distributions. Furthermore, we compute Newtonian models where the influence of the gravitational field on the annihilation process is neglected. Compared to Newtonian calculations, GR effects increase the total annihilation rate measured by an observer at infinity by a factor of two when the neutrinosphere is a thin disk, but the increase is only ≃25% for toroidal and spherical neutrinospheres. Comparing cases with similar luminosities, thin disk models yield the highest energy deposition rates by νν-annihilation, and spherical neutrinospheres the lowest ones, independently of whether GR effects are included. Increasing a from 0 to 1 enhances the energy deposition rate measured by an observer at infinity by roughly a factor of 2 due to the change of the inner radius of the neutrinosphere. General relativity and rotation cause important differences in the spatial distribution of the energy deposition rate by νν-annihilation.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gamma rays: bursts - neutrinos - accretion, accretion disks - relativity - black hole physics - stars: neutron

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 GRB 060121 gB 09 09 51.930 +45 39 45.41           ~ 114 1

Query : 2007A&A...463...51B

Basic data :
GRB 060121 -- Gamma-ray Burst
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
gB (2010ApJ,GRB), UV (2009ApJ)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
09 09 51.930 +45 39 45.41 (Ultraviolet) [ 500 500 90 ] C 2009ApJ...690..163R
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
09 06 31.438 +45 51 58.82 [ 500 500 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
174.553886 +42.796387 [ 500 500 90 ]
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 281264 [149896] / z(photometric) 4.6 [0.5] / cz 1379045 [149896]
   E 2006ApJ...648L..83D
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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GRB 060121

References (114 between 1850 and 2022) (Total 114)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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2022.09.26-02:09:41

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