2007A&A...466..649K


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.12.16CET14:43:26

2007A&A...466..649K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 466, 649-659 (2007/5-1)

Visual/infrared interferometry of Orion Trapezium stars: preliminary dynamical orbit and aperture synthesis imaging of the θ1 Orionis C system.

KRAUS S., BALEGA Y.Y., BERGER J.-P., HOFMANN K.-H., MILLAN-GABET R., MONNIER J.D., OHNAKA K., PEDRETTI E., PREIBISCH T., SCHERTL D., SCHLOERB F.P., TRAUB W.A. and WEIGELT G.

Abstract (from CDS):

Located in the Orion Trapezium cluster, θ1 OriC is one of the youngest and nearest high-mass stars (O5-O7) known. Besides its unique properties as a magnetic rotator, the system is also known to be a close binary. By tracing its orbital motion, we aim to determine the orbit and dynamical mass of the system, yielding a characterization of the individual components and, ultimately, also new constraints for stellar evolution models in the high-mass regime. Furthermore, a dynamical parallax can be derived from the orbit, providing an independent estimate for the distance of the Trapezium cluster. Using new multi-epoch visual and near-infrared bispectrum speckle interferometric observations obtained at the BTA 6 m telescope, and IOTA near-infrared long-baseline interferometry, we traced the orbital motion of the θ1 OriC components over the interval 1997.8 to 2005.9, covering a significant arc of the orbit. Besides fitting the relative position and the flux ratio, we applied aperture synthesis techniques to our IOTA data to reconstruct a model-independent image of the θ1 OriC binary system. The orbital solutions suggest a highly eccentricity (e≃0.91) and short-period (P≃10.9yrs) orbit. As the current astrometric data only allows rather weak constraints on the total dynamical mass, we present the two best-fit orbits. Of these two, the one implying a system mass of 48M and a distance of 434pc to the Trapezium cluster can be favored. When also taking the measured flux ratio and the derived location in the HR-diagram into account, we find good agreement for all observables, assuming a spectral type of O5.5 for θ1 OriC1 (M=34.0M, Teff=39900K) and O9.5 for C2 (M=15.5M, Teff=31900K). Using IOTA, we also obtained first interferometric observations on θ1 OriD, finding some evidence for a resolved structure, maybe by a faint, close companion. We find indications that the companion C2 is massive itself, which makes it likely that its contribution to the intense UV radiation field of the Trapezium cluster is non-negligible. Furthermore, the high eccentricity of the preliminary orbit solution predicts a very small physical separation during periastron passage (∼1.5AU, next passage around 2007.5), suggesting strong wind-wind interaction between the two O stars.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: pre-main sequence - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: binaries: close - techniques: interferometric - stars: individual: θ1 Orionis C,θ1 Orionis D

Simbad objects: 16

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Number of rows : 16

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 * 67 Cet PM* 02 16 59.0432180277 -06 25 19.621410146   6.465 5.499     G8.5IIIb 67 0
2 * kap02 Cet PM* 03 21 06.8027421269 +03 40 32.237848892 7.42 6.66 5.69     G9IIIBa0.2 61 0
3 HD 28322 * 04 28 03.6360273851 +01 51 30.907014375   7.168 6.139     K0III 26 0
4 HD 34137 * 05 15 11.8778770486 +01 33 22.134422032   8.64 7.19     K2III 12 0
5 HD 36134 V* 05 29 23.6847297659 -03 26 47.012579816 7.92 6.93 5.78 4.95 4.38 K1-IIIFe-0.5 43 0
6 NAME Orion Nebula Cluster OpC 05 35.0 -05 29           ~ 1912 1
7 * tet01 Ori A Ae* 05 35 15.8252169327 -05 23 14.332546552 5.87 6.75 6.73 6.42 6.21 B0V 457 1
8 * tet01 Ori B Al* 05 35 16.112 -05 23 06.89 7.71 8.20 7.96     B1V 338 2
9 * tet01 Ori C ** 05 35 16.46375 -05 23 22.8486 4.20 5.15 5.13 4.91 4.73 O7Vp 1257 1
10 NAME Trapezium Cluster As* 05 35 16.5 -05 23 14           ~ 1436 1
11 * tet01 Ori D pr* 05 35 17.2574309230 -05 23 16.567215876 6.08 6.79 6.70 6.40 6.20 B1.5Vp 303 0
12 M 42 HII 05 35 17.3 -05 23 28           ~ 3666 0
13 * tet Ori ** 05 35.3 -05 24           ~ 40 1
14 HD 50281 PM* 06 52 18.0504546991 -05 10 25.366165190   7.64 6.57     K3.5V 173 0
15 HD 63838 * 07 50 53.4239541095 +00 04 46.400901426   7.60 6.37     K2/3III 9 0
16 HD 74794 PM* 08 46 02.4755450458 -02 02 55.152730748   6.788 5.685     K1III 29 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.12.16-14:43:26

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