Query : 2007A&A...470..889P

2007A&A...470..889P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 470, 889-902 (2007/8-2)

Unveiling the broad band X-ray continuum and iron line complex in Mrk 841.


Abstract (from CDS):

object{Mrk 841} is a bright Seyfert 1 galaxy known to harbor a strong soft excess and a variable Kα iron line. Historical UV, X and γ-rays observations show clear variation of its spectrum in flux and in shape on a monthly time scale. Mrk 841 has been observed during 3 different periods (January 2001, January 2005 and July 2005) by XMM-Newton for a total cumulated exposure time of ∼108ks. We present in this paper a broad band spectral analysis of the complete EPIC-pn data sets. These are the best observations so far for the study of the soft excess and iron line complex in this source. We use different methods of data analysis including model-independent methods (spectral ratios, rms, ...) as well as model fitting. We were able to test two different models for the soft excess, a relativistically blurred photoionized reflection (ref model) and a relativistically smeared ionized absorption (abs model). The continuum is modeled by a simple cut-off power law and we also add a neutral reflection. These observations confirm the presence of a soft excess and iron line and reveal extreme and puzzling spectral and temporal behaviors. The 0.5-3keV soft X-ray flux decreases by a factor 3 between 2001 and 2005 and the line shape appears to be a mixture of broad and narrow components, the former being variable on small (ks) time scale while the later is consistent with being constant. The 2-10keV spectrum also hardens between 2001 and 2005. We succeed in describing this complex broad-band 0.5-10keV spectral variability using either ref or abs to fit the soft excess. Both models give statistically equivalent results even including simultaneous BeppoSAX data up to 200keV. Both models are consistent with the presence of remote reflection characterized by a constant narrow component in the data. However they differ in the presence of a broad line component present in ref but not needed in abs. Consequently the physical interpretation of the line profile variability is quite different, resulting from the variability of the broad line component in ref and from the variability of the absorbing medium in abs. This study also reveals the sporadic presence of relativistically redshifted narrow iron lines, one of them being detected at 4.8keV in the EPIC-pn instruments at more than 98.5% confidence level. If interpreted as the blue horn of a relativistically distorted neutral iron line, the large redshift implies the presence of a Kerr black hole.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: Seyfert - galaxies: individual: Mrk 841 - X-ray: galaxies

Simbad objects: 7

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Number of rows : 7
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 MCG-02-14-009 Sy1 05 16 21.2185952592 -10 33 41.411576844   15.0   13.30   ~ 68 1
2 LEDA 88588 Sy1 07 08 41.4886614696 -49 33 06.308921700   16.02 15.7 12.7   ~ 506 0
3 NGC 3516 Sy1 11 06 47.4632200800 +72 34 07.298374656   13.12 12.40     ~ 1522 0
4 NGC 3783 Sy1 11 39 01.7096819040 -37 44 19.009642992   12.46 13.43 11.33 12.1 ~ 1618 0
5 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6101337312 +44 31 52.682601288   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 2142 1
6 ESO 383-35 Sy1 13 35 53.7691256160 -34 17 44.160716796   13.89 13.61 8.9   ~ 1466 0
7 Mrk 841 Sy1 15 04 01.1935384104 +10 26 15.780409692   14.50 14.27     ~ 635 0

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