C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.10.19CEST00:41:50

2007A&A...475..837S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 475, 837-842 (2007/12-1)

Constituents of the soft X-ray background.


Abstract (from CDS):

The X-ray background (XRB) is generated by various classes of objects and a variety of emission mechanisms. Relative contribution of individual components depends on energy. The goal is to assess the integral emission of the major components of the soft XRB (extragalactic discrete sources dominated by active galactic nuclei (AGN), galactic plasma, and the Warm/Hot Intergalactic Medium [WHIM]), investigating the angular structure of the background. Fluctuations of the background are measured using the auto-correlation function of the XRB determined in 5 energy bands between 0.3 and 4.5keV. The investigation is based on the extensive observational data set selected from the XMM-Newton archives. Amplitudes of the auto-correlation functions calculated in three energy bands above ∼1keV are consistent with the conjecture that the background fluctuations result solely from clustering of sources which produce the background. At energies below 1keV the relative fluctuation amplitude decreases indicating that a fraction of the soft XRB is associated with a smooth plasma emission in the Galaxy. It is shown, however, that the mean spectrum of extragalactic discrete sources steepens in the soft X-rays and is not well represented by a single power law in the energy range 0.3-4.5keV. The WHIM contribution to the total background fluctuations is small and consistent with the WHIM properties derived from the cross-correlation of the XRB with galaxies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): X-rays: diffuse background - intergalactic medium - X-rays: galaxies

Simbad objects: 1

goto Full paper

goto View the reference in ADS

Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
1 NAME Local Bubble ISM ~ ~           ~ 661 0

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.10.19CEST00:41:50

Available data : Basic data  •  Identifiers  •  Plot & images  •  Bibliography  •  Measurements  •  External archives  •  Notes  •  Annotations

Basic data :
NAME Local Bubble -- Interstellar matter
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
ISM ()
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
No Coord.

The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (2) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

NAME Local Bubble NAME Local Interstellar Bubble

References (661 between 1850 and 2019) (Total 661)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
Follow new references on this object
                Reference summaries :

                from: to:

                 or select by : (not exhaustive, explanation here)

Annotations :
Annotations allow a user to add a note or report an error concerning the astronomical object and its data. It requires registration to post a note. See description .
The list of all annotations to SIMBAD objects can be found here .

Currently no annotations available

add an annotation to this object

report an error concerning the data of this object

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2007A&A...475..837S and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact