Query : 2007A&A...476.1297S

2007A&A...476.1297S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 476, 1297-1305 (2007/12-4)

Using GRO J1655-40 to test Swift/BAT as a monitor for bright hard X-ray sources.


Abstract (from CDS):

While waiting for new gamma-ray burst detections, the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) onboard Swift covers each day ∼50% of the sky in the hard X-ray band (``Survey data''). The large field of view (FOV), high sensitivity and good angular resolution make BAT a potentially powerful all-sky hard X-ray monitor, provided that mask-related systematics can be properly accounted for. We have developed and tested a complete procedure entirely based on public Swift/BAT software tools to analyse BAT Survey data, aimed at assessing the flux and spectral variability of bright sources in the 15-150keV energy range. Detailed tests of the capabilities of our procedure were performed focusing, in particular, on the reliability of spectral measurements over the entire BAT FOV. First, we analyzed a large set of Crab observations, spread over ∼7 months. Next, we studied the case of GRO J1655-40, a strongly variable source, which experienced a 9-month long outburst, beginning on February 2005. The outburst was systematically monitored with the well-calibrated PCA and HEXTE instruments onboard the RXTE mission. Due to the good BAT temporal coverage of the source, we have been able to cross-check BAT light-curves with simultaneous HEXTE ones. The Crab tests have shown that our procedure recovers both the flux and the source spectral shape over the whole FOV of the BAT instrument. Moreover, by cross-checking GRO J1655-40 light-curves obtained with BAT and HEXTE, we found the spectral and flux evolution of the outburst to be in very good agreement. Using our procedure, BAT reproduces HEXTE fluxes within a 10-15% uncertainty with a 3σ sensitivity of ∼20mCrab for an on-axis source, thus establishing its ability to monitor the evolution of relatively bright hard X-rays sources.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): methods: data analysis - gamma rays: observations - X-rays: binaries - X-rays: individual: GRO J1655-40

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 M 1 SNR 05 34 30.9 +22 00 53           ~ 6032 1
2 V* V1033 Sco HXB 16 54 00.137 -39 50 44.90   15.20 14.2 16.14   F5IV 1828 1
3 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 13560 0
4 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 4052 0

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