C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.03.05CET12:30:19

2008A&A...480..167K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 480, 167-178 (2008/3-2)

The long-period Galactic Cepheid RS Puppis. I. A geometric distance from its light echoes.


Abstract (from CDS):

The bright southern Cepheid RS Pup is surrounded by a circumstellar nebula reflecting the light from the central star. The propagation of the light variations from the Cepheid inside the dusty nebula creates spectacular light echoes that can be observed up to large distances from the star itself. This phenomenon is currently unique in this class of stars. For this relatively distant star, the trigonometric parallax available from Hipparcos has a low accuracy. A careful observation of the light echoes has the potential to provide a very accurate, geometric distance to RS Pup. We obtained a series of CCD images of RS Pup with the NTT/EMMI instrument covering the variation period of the star (P=41.4d), allowing us to track the progression of the light wavefronts over the nebular features surrounding the star. We measured precisely the phase lag of the photometric variation in several regions of the circumstellar nebula. From our phase lag measurements, we derive a geometric distance of 1992±28pc to RS Pup. This distance is affected by a total uncertainty of 1.4%, and corresponds to a parallax of π=0.502±0.007mas and a distance modulus of µ=11.50±0.03. The geometric distance we derive is by far the most accurate to a Cepheid, and among the most accurate to any star. RS Pup appears both as somewhat neglected and particularly promising to investigate the mass-loss history of Cepheids. Thanks to its highly accurate distance, it is also bound to become an important luminosity fiducial for the long period part of the period-luminosity diagram.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: individual: RS Pup - stars: circumstellar matter - stars: distances - stars: variables: Cepheids - ISM: reflection nebulae - ISM: dust, extinction

CDS comments: Paragraph 5.3 stellar associations Pup R3 and Pup III not in Simbad.

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 V* SU Cas cC* 02 51 58.7508894403 +68 53 18.601570075 6.92 6.44 5.80     F5.5III+ 412 1
2 V* RS Pup cC* 08 13 04.2157137938 -34 34 42.691837063 8.89 8.00 6.70   5.453 F8Iab 324 0
3 Ass Pup OB 3 As* 08 18.1 -35 46           ~ 25 0
4 * w Pup * 08 21 23.0260280711 -33 03 15.707073605 7.73 6.26 4.80 3.83 3.08 K2+IIIa 67 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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