2008A&A...482..561S


Query : 2008A&A...482..561S

2008A&A...482..561S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 482, 561-574 (2008/5-1)

The close circumstellar environment of the semi-regular S-type star π1Gruis.

SACUTO S., JORISSEN A., CRUZALEBES P., CHESNEAU O., OHNAKA K., QUIRRENBACH A. and LOPEZ B.

Abstract (from CDS):

We study the close circumstellar environment of the nearby S-type star π1Gruis using high spatial-resolution, mid-infrared observations from the ESO/VLTI. Spectra and visibilities were obtained with the MIDI interferometer on the VLT Auxiliary Telescopes. The cool M5III giant {beta} Gruis was used as bright primary calibrator, and a dedicated spectro-interferometric study was undertaken to determine its angular diameter accurately. The MIDI measurements were fitted with the 1D numerical radiative transfer code DUSTY to determine the dust shell parameters of pi1 Gru1Gruis}. Taking into account the low spatial extension of the model in the 8-9µm spectral band for the smallest projected baselines, we consider the possibility of a supplementary molecular shell. The MIDI visibility and phase data are mostly dominated by the spherical 21mas (694R) central star, while the extended dusty environment is over-resolved even with the shortest baselines. No obvious departure from spherical symmetry is found on the milliarcsecond scale. The spectro-interferometric observations are well-fitted by an optically thin (τdust<0.01 in the N band) dust shell that is located at about 14 stellar radii with a typical temperature of 700K and composed of 70% silicate and 30% of amorphous alumina grains. An optically thin (τmol<0.1 in the N band) H2O+SiO molecular shell extending from the photosphere of the star up to 4.4 stellar radii with a typical temperature of 1000K is added to the model to improve the fit in the 8-9µm spectral band. We discuss the probable binary origin of asymmetries as revealed by millimetric observations.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): techniques: interferometric - techniques: high angular resolution - stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: circumstellar matter - stars: mass-loss

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/482/561): table1.dat fig/*>

Simbad objects: 8

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Number of rows : 8
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 V* R And S* 00 24 01.9457463096 +38 34 37.370144352 10.61 9.36 7.39 4.45 2.30 S5-7/4-5e 344 0
2 * tau04 Eri LP* 03 19 31.0022373 -21 45 28.304953 7.13 5.32 3.70 2.12 0.66 M3III-IIIaCa-1 108 0
3 V* V Hya C* 10 51 37.2615873024 -21 15 00.333928044   12.23 6.80     C-N:6 349 0
4 * eta Sgr LP? 18 17 37.6350518 -36 45 42.066723 6.37 4.67 3.11 1.55 0.23 M2III 139 0
5 V* R Cyg S* 19 36 49.3579856496 +50 11 59.727536988   9.96 6.10   6.447 S4-8/6e 268 1
6 * eps Peg LP* 21 44 11.1561394 +09 52 30.031152 5.61 3.91 2.39 1.34 0.58 K2Ib-II 437 0
7 * pi.01 Gru S* 22 22 44.2083897000 -45 56 52.791160956 10.52 8.62 6.55 3.19 0.52 S5,7: 177 0
8 * bet Gru LP? 22 42 40.05027 -46 53 04.4752 5.33 3.73 2.11 0.20 -1.57 M4.5III 197 0

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2022.05.21-15:46:39

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