2008A&A...483..199M


Query : 2008A&A...483..199M

2008A&A...483..199M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 483, 199-208 (2008/5-3)

A HST study of the environment of the Herbig Ae/Be star LkHα 233 and its bipolar jet.

MELNIKOV S., WOITAS J., EISLOEFFEL J., BACCIOTTI F., LOCATELLI U. and RAY T.P.

Abstract (from CDS):

LkHα 233 is a Herbig Ae/Be star with a collimated bipolar jet. As such, it may be a high-mass analogue to the classical T Tauri stars and their outflows. We investigate optical forbidden lines along the LkHα 233 jet to determine physical parameters of this jet (electron density ne, hydrogen ionisation fraction xe, electron temperature Te). The knowledge of these parameters allows us a direct comparison of a jet from a Herbig star with those from T Tauri stars. We present the results of HST/STIS and WFPC2 observations of LkH{alpha} 233 and its environment. These are the first observations of this object with a spatial resolution of ≤0.1" at optical wavelengths. Our STIS data provide spectroscopic maps that allow us to reconstruct high angular resolution images of the bipolar jet from LkHα 233 covering the first ≃2000AU from the star in the blueshifted outflow lobe and ≃4000AU in the redshifted lobe. These maps are analysed with a diagnostic code that yields ne, xe, Te, and mass density nH within the jet. The WFPC2 images in broad-band filters clearly show a dark lane caused either by a circumstellar disk or a dust torus. The circumstellar environment of LkHα 233 can be interpreted as a conical cavity that was cleared by a bipolar jet. In this interpretation, the maximum of the optical and near-infrared brightness distribution does not coincide with the star itself which is, in fact, deeply extincted. In the blueshifted lobe, ne is close to or above the critical density for [SII] lines (2.5x104cm–3) in the first arcsecond and decreases with distance from the source. The ionisation xe≃0.2-0.6 gently rises for the first 500AU of the flow and shows two re-ionisation events further away from the origin. The electron temperature Te varies along the flow between 104K and 3x104K. The nH is between 3x103 and 105cm–3, and the mass flux {dot}(M)≃10–8-10–7M/yr. The (radial) outflow velocities are ≃80-160km/s, and they appear to increase with distance from the source. In the redshifted lobe, the excitation conditions are quite different: Te, ne, xe, and nH are all lower than in the blueshifted lobe, but have the same order of magnitude. All these derived parameters are just beyond or at the upper limits of those observed for classical T Tauri star jets. This may indicate that the flows from the higher mass Herbig stars are indeed scaled-up examples of the same phenomenon as in T Tauri stars.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: jets and outflows - stars: pre-main sequence - stars: main-loss

Simbad objects: 15

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Number of rows : 15
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 V* DG Tau Or* 04 27 04.6913654419 +26 06 16.041555299 13.57 13.97 10.50 12.28   K6Ve 967 1
2 V* V1213 Tau Or* 04 31 37.47192 +18 12 24.4800           K7 533 0
3 V* HL Tau Or* 04 31 38.471952 +18 13 58.08504   15.89 14.49 14.39   K5 1280 0
4 IRAS 04287+1807 mul 04 31 38.8 +18 13 57           ~ 796 0
5 V* RW Aur TT* 05 07 49.5662483 +30 24 05.177426   10.86 9.60 9.95   K1/5e+K5e 735 0
6 HH 83 HH 05 33 32.52 -06 29 46.9           ~ 65 0
7 HH 34 HH 05 35 31.30 -06 28 43.0     16     ~ 474 2
8 HH 1 HH 05 36 20.8 -06 45 13           ~ 402 1
9 HH 24C HH 05 46 07.69 -00 09 40.3           ~ 23 0
10 HH 24 HH 05 46 09 -00 10.2           ~ 155 1
11 HH 111 HH 05 51 44.2 +02 48 34           ~ 394 0
12 NAME HH 46-47 HH 08 25 43.6 -51 00 36           ~ 187 2
13 WRAY 16-203 Or* 16 08 29.7086692265 -39 03 10.994386198   16.26 15.91 15.38 15.69 K0: 158 1
14 HD 213976 * 22 34 30.1849376373 +40 46 29.635371013 6.83 6.883 7.022     B1.5V 57 0
15 EM* LkHA 233 Ae* 22 34 40.9923134958 +40 40 04.251892858   14.5       A7Ve 142 0

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2021.10.16-23:54:33

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