Query : 2008A&A...484..413S

2008A&A...484..413S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 484, 413-418 (2008/6-3)

Confirmation of the binary status of Chamaeleon Hα 2 - a very young low-mass binary in Chamaeleon.


Abstract (from CDS):

Neuhaeuser & Comeron (1998Sci...282...83N; 1999A&A...350..612N) presented direct imaging evidence, as well as first spectra, of several young stellar and sub-stellar M6- to M8-type objects in the Cha I dark cloud. One of these objects is Cha Hα2, classified as brown dwarf candidate in several publications and suggested as possible binary in Neuhaeuser et al. (2002A&A...384..999N). We have searched around Cha Hα2 for close and faint companions with adaptive optics imaging. Two epochs of direct imaging data were taken with the Very Large Telescope (VLT) Adaptive Optics instrument NACO in February 2006 and March 2007 in Ks-band together with a Hipparcos binary for astrometric calibration. Moreover, we took a J-band image in March 2007 to get color information. We retrieved an earlier image from 2005 from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Science Archive Facility, increasing the available time coverage. After confirmation of common proper motion, we deduce physical parameters of the objects by spectroscopy, like temperature and mass. We find Cha Hα2 to be a very close binary of ∼0.16 arcsec separation, having a flux ratio of ∼0.91, thus having almost equal brightness and indistinguishable spectral types within the errors. We show that the two tentative components of Cha Hα2 form a common proper motion pair, and that neither component is a non-moving background object. We even find evidence for orbital motion. A combined spectrum of both stars spanning optical and near-infrared parts of the spectral energy distribution yields a temperature of 3000±100K, corresponding to a spectral type of M6±1 and a surface gravity of logg=4.0+0.75–0.5, both from a comparison with GAIA model atmospheres. Furthermore, we obtained an optical extinction of AV≃4.3mag from this comparison. We derive masses of ∼0.110M (≥0.070M) and ∼0.124M (≥0.077 M) for the two components of Cha Hα 2, i.e., probably low-mass stars, but one component could possibly be a brown dwarf.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs - stars: binaries: close - stars: binaries: visual - stars: individual: Cha Hα2

Simbad objects: 6

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Number of rows : 6
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 NAME Cha 1 MoC 11 06 48 -77 18.0           ~ 1099 1
2 V* HK Cha Or* 11 07 42.3364909752 -77 33 59.394350844   21.9 19.8   15.26 ~ 78 0
3 NAME Chamaeleon Region SFR 11 55 -78.0           ~ 766 0
4 [FLG2003] eps Cha 10 Y*? 12 00 55.1840915304 -78 20 29.422817088           M5.75 11 0
5 HD 131657 ** 14 56 32.05337 -47 52 45.1065 5.33 5.60 5.64     B9V 47 0
6 HD 132347 ** 14 59 29.23211 -30 42 41.5076           A3mA5-F0 25 0

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