C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.09.25CEST02:53:08

2008A&A...486.1039B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 486, 1039-1046 (2008/8-2)

A Hubble Space Telescope transit light curve for GJ436b.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present time series photometry for six partial transits of GJ436b obtained with the Fine Guidance Sensor instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Our analysis of these data yields independent estimates of the host star's radius R*=0.505+0.029–0.020R, and the planet's orbital period P=2.643882+0.000060–0.000058d, orbital inclination i=85.80°+0.21°–0.25°, mean central transit time Tc=2454455.279241+0.00026–0.00025HJD, and radius Rp=4.90+0.45–0.33R. The radius we determine for the planet is larger than the previous findings from analyses of an infrared light curve obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope. Although this discrepancy has a 92% formal significance (1.7σ), it might be indicative of systematic errors that still influence the analyses of even the highest-precision transit light curves. Comparisons of all the measured radii to theoretical models suggest that GJ436b has a H/He envelope of ∼10% by mass. We point out the similarities in structure between this planet and Uranus and Neptune and discuss possible parallels between these planets' formation environments and dynamical evolution. We also find that the transit times for GJ436b are constant to within 10s over the 11 planetary orbits that the HST data span. However, the ensemble of published values exhibits a long-term drift and our mean transit time is 128s later than that expected from the Spitzer ephemeris. The sparseness of the currently available data hinders distinguishing between an error in the orbital period or perturbations arising from an additional object in the system as the cause of the apparent trend. Assuming the drift is due to an error in the orbital period we obtain an improved estimate for it of P=2.643904±0.000005d. This value and our measured transit times will serve as important benchmarks in future studies of the GJ436 system.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): techniques: photometric - eclipses - stars: individual: GJ436 - stars: planetary systems

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/486/1039): table2.dat>

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
1 GSC 01984-02056 * 11 42 00.3762034608 +26 45 56.196405138   12.3       ~ 1 0
2 Ross 905b Pl 11 42 11.0933874353 +26 42 23.658083337           ~ 604 1
3 Ross 905 PM* 11 42 11.0933874353 +26 42 23.658083337   12.06 10.613 10.272 8.24 M3V 500 1
4 BD+27 2046 * 11 42 20.2837030710 +26 45 37.066124212   11.05 10.63     F5 8 0
5 HD 189733 BY* 20 00 43.7130382888 +22 42 39.071811263 9.241 8.578 7.648 7.126 6.68 K2V 727 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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