Query : 2008A&A...487..345D

2008A&A...487..345D - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 487, 345-355 (2008/8-3)

The simulation of the outer Oort cloud formation. The first giga-year of the evolution.


Abstract (from CDS):

Considering a model of an initial disk of planetesimals that consists of 10038 test particles, we simulate the formation of distant-comet reservoirs for the first 1Gyr. Since only the outer part of the Oort cloud can be formed within this period, we analyse the efficiency of the formation process and describe approximately the structure of the part formed. The dynamical evolution of the particles is followed by numerical integration of their orbits. We consider the perturbations by four giant planets on their current orbits and with their current masses, in addition to perturbations by the Galactic tide and passing stars. In our simulation, the population size of the outer Oort cloud reaches its maximum value at about 210Myr. After a subsequent, rapid decrease, it becomes almost stable (with only a moderate decrease) from about 500Myr. At 1Gyr, the population size decreases to about 40% of its maximum value. The efficiency of the formation is low. Only about 0.3% of the particles studied still reside in the outer Oort cloud after 1Gyr. The space density of particles in the comet cloud, beyond the heliocentric distance, r, of 25000AU is proportional to r–s, where s=4.08±0.34. From about 50Myr to the end of the simulation, the orbits of the Oort cloud comets are not distributed randomly, but high galactic inclinations of the orbital planes are strongly dominant. Among all of the outer perturbers considered, this is most likely caused by the dominant, disk component of the Galactic tide.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): comets: general - Oort cloud - solar system: formation

Simbad objects: 3

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 NAME SGP reg 00 51 26.275 -27 07 41.70           ~ 555 0
2 * alf Cen ** 14 39 29.71993 -60 49 55.9990   0.4 -0.1     G2V+K1V 913 0
3 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 13453 0

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2008A&A...487..345D and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact