Query : 2008A&A...491..789L

2008A&A...491..789L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 491, 789-796 (2008/12-1)

H I and CO in the circumstellar environment of the oxygen-rich AGB star RX Leporis.


Abstract (from CDS):

Circumstellar shells around AGB stars are built over long periods of time that may reach several million years. They may therefore be extended over large sizes (∼1pc, possibly more), and different complementary tracers are needed to describe their global properties. We set up a program to explore the properties of matter in the external parts of circumstellar shells around AGB stars and to relate them to those of the central sources (inner shells and stellar atmospheres). In the present work, we combined 21-cm HI and CO rotational line data obtained on an oxygen-rich semi-regular variable, RX Lep, to describe the global properties of its circumstellar environment. With the SEST, we detected the CO(2-1) rotational line from RX Lep. The line profile is parabolic and implies an expansion velocity of ∼4.2km/s and a mass-loss rate ∼1.7x10–7M/yr (d=137pc). The HI line at 21cm was detected with the Nancay Radiotelescope on the star position and at several offset positions. The linear shell size is relatively small, ∼0.1pc, but we detect a trail extending southward to ∼0.5pc. The line profiles are approximately Gaussian with an FWHM∼3.8km/s and interpreted with a model developed for the detached shell around the carbon-rich AGB star Y CVn. Our HI spectra are well-reproduced by assuming a constant outflow ({dot}(M)=1.65x10–7M/yr) of ∼4x104-years duration, which has been slowed down by the external medium. The spatial offset of the HI source is consistent with the northward direction of the proper motion measured by Hipparcos, lending support to the presence of a trail resulting from the motion of the source through the ISM, as already suggested for Mira, RS Cnc, and other sources detected in HI. The source was also observed in SiO (3mm) and OH (18cm), but not detected. A detached shell, similar to the one around Y CVn, was discovered in HI around RX Lep. We also found evidence of an extension in the direction opposite to the star proper motion. The properties of the external parts of circumstellar shells around AGB stars should be dominated by the interaction between stellar outflows and external matter for oxygen-rich, as well as for carbon-rich, sources, and the 21-cm HI line provides a very useful tracer of these regions.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: individual: RX Lep - stars: mass-loss - stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: winds, outflows - radio lines: stars - stars: circumstellar matter

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 * omi Cet Mi* 02 19 20.79210 -02 58 39.4956   7.63 6.53 5.03   M5-9IIIe+DA 1527 0
2 V* RX Lep AB* 05 11 22.8716317615 -11 50 56.713575585 8.37 7.14 5.68     M6III 102 0
3 V* RS Cnc S* 09 10 38.7970163421 +30 57 47.291122681 8.65 7.62 5.95 3.06 0.73 M6S 314 0
4 IRC +10216 C* 09 47 57.40632 +13 16 43.5648           C9,5e 2341 0
5 V* Y CVn C* 12 45 07.8260815656 +45 26 24.926308404 14.03 7.41 4.87 3.12 1.74 C-N5 477 0
6 V* R Hya Mi* 13 29 42.7801586466 -23 16 52.751628992 7.26 6.58 4.97 2.27 -0.15 M6-9e 488 0
7 V* X Her AB* 16 02 39.1730141112 +47 14 25.265335956   7.64 6.58     M6III 237 0
8 V* TT Cyg C* 19 40 57.0158460384 +32 37 05.756696400   10.43 10.20     C-N5- 201 0
9 V* EP Aqr AB* 21 46 31.8494911920 -02 12 45.928582560   7.93 6.78     M7-III: 241 0

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