Query : 2009A&A...493..735L

2009A&A...493..735L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 493, 735-745 (2009/1-2)

Nicest, a near-infrared color excess method tailored to small-scale structures.


Abstract (from CDS):

Observational data and theoretical calculations show that significant small-scale substructures are present in dark molecular clouds. These inhomogeneities can provide useful clues to the physical conditions inside the clouds, but can also severely bias extinction measurements. We present nicest, a novel method to account and correct for inhomogeneities in molecular cloud extinction studies. The method, tested against numerical simulations, removes almost completely the biases introduced by sub-pixel structures and by the contamination of foreground stars. We applied nicest to 2MASS data of the Pipe molecular complex. The map thereby obtained shows significantly higher (up to 0.41mag in AK) extinction peaks than the standard nicer (Lombardi & Schneider, 2001A&A...373..359L) map. This first application confirms that substructures in nearby molecular clouds, if not accounted for, can significantly bias extinction measurements in regions with AK>1mag; the effect, moreover, is expected to increase in more distant molecular clouds, because of the poorer physical resolution achievable.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - methods: statistical - ISM: clouds - infrared: ISM - ISM: structure - ISM: individual objects: Pipe molecular complex

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 LDN 1746 DNe 17 11.3 -27 22           ~ 132 0
2 NAME the Pipe Nebula DNe 17 30 -25.0           ~ 391 1
3 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 4174 0

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