Query : 2009A&A...496..217V

2009A&A...496..217V - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 496, 217-222 (2009/3-2)

False periods in complex chaotic systems.


Abstract (from CDS):

Astrophysical objects frequently exhibit some irregularities or complex behaviour in their light curves. We focus primarily on hot stars, where both radial and non-radial pulsations are observed. One of the primary research goals is to determine physical parameters of stellar pulsations by analyzing their light curves or spectra, focusing on periodic or quasiperiodic behaviour. We analyse the feasibility of classical methods for period searches in a nonlinear chaotic system, such as the Roessler system, where a period does not exist at all. As an astrophysical application of the chaotic system, we utilize a simple model of stellar pulsation with two different sets of parameters corresponding to periodic and chaotic behaviour. For both models we create a synthetic signal, and then apply widely used methods for period finding, such as the phase dispersion method and periodograms. For comparison, a quasi-periodic signal is employed as well. The period analysis indicates periods even for the chaotic signal. Such periods are apparently spurious. This implies that it is very problematic to distinguish chaotic and quasiperiodic process by such an analysis only.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: oscillations - stars: variables: Cepheids - chaos

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 V* EM UMa WD* 13 53 09.9687043752 +48 40 21.171407268   16.5   17.0   DB2 98 0
2 V* R Sct cC* 18 47 28.9498974024 -05 42 18.542611800 8.30 6.67 5.20 4.14 3.37 K4/5pec 309 0

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