2009A&A...497..117A


Query : 2009A&A...497..117A

2009A&A...497..117A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 497, 117-136 (2009/4-1)

Circumstellar disks around Herbig Be stars.

ALONSO-ALBI T., FUENTE A., BACHILLER R., NERI R., PLANESAS P., TESTI L., BERNE O. and JOBLIN C.

Abstract (from CDS):

Our goal is to investigate the properties of the circumstellar disks around intermediate mass stars to determine their occurrence, lifetime and evolution. We completed a search for circumstellar disks around Herbig Be stars using the NRAO Very Large Array (VLA) and the IRAM Plateau de Bure (PdB) interferometers. Thus far, we have observed 6 objects with 4 successful detections. The results towards 3 of these stars (R Mon, MWC 1080, MWC 137) were presented elsewhere. We present our new VLA and PdBI data for the three objects MWC 297, Z CMa, and LKHα 215. We constructed the SED from near-IR to centimeter wavelengths by adding our millimeter and centimeter data to the available data at other wavelengths, mainly Spitzer images. The entire SED was fitted using a disk+envelope model. In addition, we compiled all the disk millimeter observations in the literature and completed a statistical analysis of all the data. We show that the disk mass is usually only a small percentage (less than 10%) of the mass of the entire envelope in HBe stars. For the disks, there are large source-to-source variations. Two disks in our sample, R Mon and Z CMa, have similar sizes and masses to those found in T Tauri and Herbig Ae stars. The disks around MWC 1080 and MWC 297 are, however, smaller (rout<100AU). We did not detect the disks towards MWC 137 and LkHα 215 at millimeter wavelengths, which limits the mass and the size of the possible circumstellar disks. A comparison between our data and previous results for T Tauri and Herbig Ae stars indicates that although massive disks (∼0.1M) are found in young objects (∼104yr), the masses of the disks around Herbig Be stars are usually 5-10 times lower than those around lower mass stars. We propose that disk photoevaporation is responsible for this behavior. In Herbig Be stars, the UV radiation disperses the gas in the outer disk on a timescale of a few 105yr. Once the outer part of the disk has vanished, the entire gaseous disk is photoevaporated on a very short timescale (∼105yr) and only a small, dusty disk consisting of large grains remains.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: formation - stars: pre-main sequence - circumstellar matter - planetary systems: formation - planetary systems: protoplanetary disks

Errata: + corrigendum vol. 577, p. C2 (2015)

Simbad objects: 44

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Number of rows : 44
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 EM* LkHA 198 Ae* 00 11 25.8495450336 +58 49 28.713961920   14.65 13.79 14.03   B9e 223 0
2 V* V376 Cas Ae* 00 11 26.5410514344 +58 50 03.929517960           A3/F2e 96 1
3 BD+61 154 Ae* 00 43 18.2566590360 +61 54 40.139212716 10.83 11.13 10.60     B8eq 203 1
4 V* V892 Tau Ae* 04 18 40.6157618376 +28 19 15.625058880   16.6 14.69 14.35   A0Ve 297 0
5 V* AB Aur Ae* 04 55 45.8458932216 +30 33 04.292077032 7.20 7.16 7.05 6.96 6.70 A0Ve 1067 2
6 HD 31648 Ae* 04 58 46.2655706952 +29 50 36.987625680 7.84 7.78 7.62 7.76 7.43 A5Vep 518 0
7 V* UX Ori Ae* 05 04 29.9878898040 -03 47 14.286732072 10.25 10.93 8.70 9.62 9.43 A4IVe 363 1
8 V* V1366 Ori Ae* 05 16 00.4765181328 -09 48 35.393784012 10.19 10.16 9.84 9.77 9.63 B9.5V 209 0
9 HD 34700 SB* 05 19 41.4089390784 +05 38 42.778590864 9.75 9.778 9.659 9.205 8.47 G0IVe 102 0
10 HD 35187 Y*O 05 24 01.17261 +24 57 37.5791   8.79 8.71 8.72   A2e+A7 107 0
11 HD 36112 Ae* 05 30 27.5285630040 +25 19 57.076288752   8.57 8.27     A8Ve 468 0
12 V* T Ori Ae* 05 35 50.4482802768 -05 28 34.925254536 12.724 11.637 11.248 10.09 10.043 A3IVeb 247 0
13 V* CQ Tau Ae* 05 35 58.4666264136 +24 44 54.091450572 11.290 10.780 10.000   8.33 F5IVe 310 0
14 BD-06 1253 Ae* 05 36 25.4320468080 -06 42 57.684730284   11.65 10.9 10.29   A1e 435 1
15 V* BF Ori Ae* 05 37 13.2623828280 -06 35 00.568242528 10.37 10.00 9.69 10.06 9.31 A7III 293 0
16 V* RR Tau Ae* 05 39 30.5115918672 +26 22 26.967444996 11.64 12.09 11.28 10.58 10.17 A0:IVe 225 0
17 EM* MWC 137 Ae* 06 18 45.5220873216 +15 16 52.244494608 12.89 13.30 13.759 11.67 10.31 sgB[e]d 244 1
18 V* VY Mon Ae* 06 31 06.9271406952 +10 26 04.952351076 16.65 15.45 13.70 12.49 11.00 A5:Vep 94 0
19 EM* LkHA 215 Ae* 06 32 41.7730499472 +10 09 34.209036180 11.41 11.28 10.70     B7IIne 128 0
20 V* R Mon Ae* 06 39 09.9542000448 +08 44 09.539482632 10.76 12.46 11.85 10.96 10.25 B8IIIe 515 0
21 EM* LkHA 218 Ae* 07 02 42.5309892768 -11 26 11.826714804   13 11.63     A0e 64 0
22 V* Z CMa Ae* 07 03 43.1599411656 -11 33 06.209065836 10.51 9.99 8.80     B5/8eq+F5/7 578 3
23 HD 97048 Ae* 11 08 03.3109731720 -77 39 17.490777444 9.03 8.76 9.00   8.64 A0Vep 543 0
24 HD 100453 Ae* 11 33 05.5766482920 -54 19 28.547100696   8.09 7.79     A9Ve 283 1
25 HD 100546 Be* 11 33 25.4408872296 -70 11 41.241297948   6.71 6.30   6.64 A0VaekB8_lB 806 1
26 CPD-36 6759 Y*O 15 15 48.4460065200 -37 09 16.024369824   9.21 8.708     F8V 462 1
27 HD 139614 Ae? 15 40 46.3820275416 -42 29 53.538761832   8.47 8.24     A9VekA5mA5(_lB) 209 0
28 HD 142666 TT* 15 56 40.0221861696 -22 01 40.005872148 9.41 9.37 8.82 8.31 8.01 F0V_sh 269 0
29 HD 142527 Ae* 15 56 41.8882637904 -42 19 23.248281828   9.04 8.34     F6III 640 1
30 HD 144432 Ae* 16 06 57.9533126832 -27 43 09.760564056 8.47 8.53 8.19 7.82 7.53 A9/F0V 245 1
31 HD 150193 Ae* 16 40 17.9243127240 -23 53 45.193372692 9.69 9.32 8.79 8.41   A2IVe 321 0
32 HD 163296 Ae* 17 56 21.2881851168 -21 57 21.871819008 7.00 6.93 6.85 6.86 6.67 A1Vep 1110 0
33 HD 169142 Ae* 18 24 29.7799891464 -29 46 49.327400568   8.42 8.16     F1VekA3mA3_lB? 448 0
34 EM* MWC 297 Ae* 18 27 39.5265500160 -03 49 52.133050776 15.57 14.34 12.31 11.34   B1.5Ve 297 0
35 V* VV Ser Ae* 18 28 47.8620017808 +00 08 39.923474964 12.99 12.63 11.80 11.01 10.24 A5Ve 249 0
36 HD 179218 Ae* 19 11 11.2538919456 +15 47 15.636008472 7.55 7.476 7.39 7.25 7.21 A0Ve 255 0
37 V* WW Vul Ae* 19 25 58.7494120560 +21 12 31.333658616 11.46 10.99 10.25 10.38 10.12 A2IVe 224 0
38 BD+40 4124 Ae* 20 20 28.2413946720 +41 21 51.529070088 11.11 11.36 10.62 10.510   B2Ve 291 1
39 EM* LkHA 224 Ae* 20 20 29.3503944888 +41 21 28.410038964 14.82 14.08 12.93 12.05 11.08 A4:Ve 101 0
40 HD 200775 Ae* 21 01 36.9205762896 +68 09 47.789578836 7.34 7.754 7.427 8.13   B2Ve 557 0
41 EM* LkHA 234 Ae* 21 43 06.8218113480 +66 06 54.202272804 13.65 13.61 12.73 11.98 11.20 B5Ve 286 0
42 V* SV Cep Ae* 22 21 33.2166238512 +73 40 27.097678812 11.40 11.25 10.35 10.28 10.08 A2IVe 130 0
43 EM* MWC 1080 Ae* 23 17 25.5895018656 +60 50 43.444557384   13.24 11.85 11.251   B0eq 323 0
44 EM* LkHA 259 Ae* 23 58 41.6376649416 +66 26 12.727895964   16.63 14.67     A9e 45 0

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