2009A&A...498..209S


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.03.07CET19:45:26

2009A&A...498..209S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 498, 209-215 (2009/4-4)

Detection of X-rays from the jet-driving symbiotic star MWC 560.

STUTE M. and SAHAI R.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report the detection of X-ray emission from the jet-driving symbiotic star MWC 560. We observed MWC 560 with XMM-Newton for 36ks. We fitted the spectra from the EPIC pn, MOS1 and MOS2 instruments with XSPEC and examined the light curves with the package XRONOS. The spectrum can be fitted with a highly absorbed hard X-ray component from an optically thin hot plasma, a Gaussian emission line with an energy of 6.1keV and a less absorbed soft thermal component. The best fit is obtained with a model in which the hot component is produced by optically thin thermal emission from an isobaric cooling flow with a maximum temperature of 61 keV, which might be created inside an optically thin boundary layer on the surface of the accreting with dwarf. The derived parameters of the hard component detected from MWC 560 are in good agreement with similar objects such as CH Cyg, SS 7317, RT Cru and T CrB, which all form a new sub-class of symbiotic stars emitting hard X-rays. Our previous numerical simulations of the jet of MWC 560 showed that it should produce detectable soft X-ray emission. We infer a temperature of 0.17keV for the observed soft component, i.e. less than expected from our models. The total soft X-ray flux (i.e. at <3keV) is more than a factor 100 less than predicted for the propagating jet soon after its birth (<0.3yr), but consistent with the value expected due its decrease with age. The ROSAT upper limit is also consistent with such a decrease. We find aperiodic or quasi-periodic variability on timescales of minutes and hours, but no periodic rapid variability. All results are consistent with an accreting white dwarf powering the X-ray emission and the existence of an optically thin boundary layer around it.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - binaries: symbiotic - stars: individual: MWC 560 (V694 Mon) - stars: white dwarfs - X-rays: stars

Simbad objects: 10

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Number of rows : 10

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 1WGA J0725.5-0750 X 07 25 00.0 -07 50 00           ~ 1 0
2 1WGA J0725.2-0748 X 07 25 00.0 -07 48 00           ~ 1 0
3 1RXS J072546.4-074342 X 07 25 46.399 -07 43 41.99           ~ 1 0
4 EM* MWC 560 Sy* 07 25 51.2841922233 -07 44 08.078237799   10.01 9.70 10.60   M4ep+Beq 188 0
5 1WGA J0726.2-0740 X 07 26 00.0 -07 40 00           ~ 1 0
6 CD-57 3057 Sy* 10 11 02.9422954740 -57 48 13.944256831   11.26 9.99     M4IIIe 62 0
7 V* RT Cru Sy* 12 34 53.7358537036 -64 33 56.097590683   12.20 11.35 12.09   ~ 80 0
8 V* T CrB Sy* 15 59 30.1619486506 +25 55 12.607985109   11.516 10.247 9.70   M3IIIe_sh 661 0
9 V* CH Cyg Sy* 19 24 33.0697620341 +50 14 29.057625755 8.14 8.77 7.08   5.345 M7IIIab+Be 745 0
10 V* R Aqr Sy* 23 43 49.4629939776 -15 17 04.184232557   8.823 7.683 9.37   M6.5-8.5e 748 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.03.07-19:45:26

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