Query : 2009A&A...504..915C

2009A&A...504..915C - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 504, 915-927 (2009/9-4)

Cyclic variability of the circumstellar disk of the Be star ζ Tauri. II. Testing the 2D global disk oscillation model.


Abstract (from CDS):

About 2/3 of the Be stars present the so-called V/R variations, a phenomenon characterized by the quasi-cyclic variation in the ratio between the violet and red emission peaks of the HI emission lines. These variations are generally explained by global oscillations in the circumstellar disk forming a one-armed spiral density pattern that precesses around the star with a period of a few years. This paper presents self-consistent models of polarimetric, photometric, spectrophotometric, and interferometric observations of the classical Be star ζ Tauri. The primary goal is to conduct a critical quantitative test of the global oscillation scenario. Detailed three-dimensional, NLTE radiative transfer calculations were carried out using the radiative transfer code HDUST. The most up-to-date research on Be stars was used as input for the code in order to include a physically realistic description for the central star and the circumstellar disk. The model adopts a rotationally deformed, gravity darkened central star, surrounded by a disk whose unperturbed state is given by a steady-state viscous decretion disk model. It is further assumed that this disk is in vertical hydrostatic equilibrium. By adopting a viscous decretion disk model for ζ Tauri and a rigorous solution of the radiative transfer, a very good fit of the time-average properties of the disk was obtained. This provides strong theoretical evidence that the viscous decretion disk model is the mechanism responsible for disk formation. The global oscillation model successfully fitted spatially resolved VLTI/AMBER observations and the temporal V/R variations in the Hα and Brγ lines. This result convincingly demonstrates that the oscillation pattern in the disk is a one-armed spiral. Possible model shortcomings, as well as suggestions for future improvements, are also discussed.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): polarization - methods: numerical - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: individual: ζ Tauri - techniques: interferometric

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 * zet Tau Be* 05 37 38.6854231 +21 08 33.158804 2.22 2.84 3.03 3.06 3.15 B1IVe_shell 713 0
2 * del Sco SB* 16 00 20.00528 -22 37 18.1431 1.30 2.20 2.32 2.36 2.49 B0.3IV 723 0

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