2009A&A...506..703M


Query : 2009A&A...506..703M

2009A&A...506..703M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 506, 703-710 (2009/11-1)

New estimates of the gamma-ray line emission of the Cygnus region from INTEGRAL/SPI observations.

MARTIN P., KNOEDLSEDER J., DIEHL R. and MEYNET G.

Abstract (from CDS):

The Cygnus region harbours a huge complex of massive stars at a distance of 1.0-2.0kpc from us. About 170 O stars are distributed over several OB associations, among which the Cyg OB2 cluster is by far the largest with about 100-120 O stars. As a consequence of their successive nuclear-burning episodes, these massive stars inject large quantities of radioactive nuclei into the interstellar medium such as 26Al and 60Fe. The gamma-ray line signal from the latter is a solid tracer of ongoing nucleosynthesis. We want to compare the decay emission from the Cygnus region with predictions of recently improved stellar models. As a first step, we establish observational constraints upon the gamma-ray line emission from 26Al and 60Fe, with particular emphasis placed on separating the emission due to the Cygnus complex from the foreground and background mean Galactic contributions. We used the high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometer INTEGRAL/SPI to analyse the 26Al and 60Fe decay signal from the Cygnus region. The weak gamma-ray line emissions at 1809 and 1173/1332keV have been characterised in terms of photometry, spectrometry, and source morphology. The 1809keV emission from Cygnus is centred on the position of the Cyg OB2 cluster and has a typical size of 9° or more. The total 1809keV flux from the Cygnus region is (6.0 ±1.0)x10–5ph/cm2/s, but the flux really attributable to the Cygnus complex reduces to (3.9 ±1.1)x10–5ph/cm2/s. The 1809keV line centroid agrees with expectations considering the direction and distance of the Cygnus complex, and the line width is consistent with typical motions of the interstellar medium. No decay emission from 60Fe has been observed from the Cygnus region and an upper limit of 1.6x10–5ph/cm2/s was derived. The determination in a coherent way of the gamma-ray line emission of the clustered OB population of the nearby Cygnus complex will allow a more accurate comparison of observations with theoretical expectations based on the most recent stellar models.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gamma rays: observations - Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: Cyg OB - stars: early-type - ISM: bubbles - nuclear reactions: nucleosynthesis, abundances

Simbad objects: 21

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Number of rows : 21
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 V* CM Tau Psr 05 34 31.9474694616 +22 00 52.153698024           ~ 5091 0
2 M 1 SNR 05 34 32 +22 00.8           ~ 5975 1
3 NAME Vela Pulsar Psr 08 35 20.65525 -45 10 35.1545     15.10     ~ 2231 1
4 NAME Upper Sco Association As* 16 12 -23.4           ~ 1236 1
5 NAME Upper Sco-Cen As* 16 15 -24.2           ~ 1258 1
6 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 13316 0
7 Ass Cyg OB 3 As* 20 07 +35.9           ~ 177 0
8 Ass Cyg OB 8 As* 20 15 +40.9           ~ 69 0
9 Ass Cyg OB 1 As* 20 17.8 +37 38           ~ 260 1
10 NAME gam Cyg SNR SNR 20 20 17.100 +40 26 09.00           ~ 213 2
11 NAME Northern Coalsack DNe 20 21 +37.0           ~ 110 0
12 Ass Cyg OB 9 As* 20 21 +39.9           ~ 129 0
13 NAME Cyg Complex reg 20 32 +45.0           ~ 570 0
14 Ass Cyg OB 2 As* 20 33.2 +41 19           ~ 887 0
15 NAME Cyg Superbubble PoC 20 47 +41.2           ~ 77 1
16 Ass Cyg OB 7 As* 21 08 +47.6           ~ 206 0
17 NAME IV CYG ASSOC. As* 21 15 +37.9           ~ 47 0
18 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00     14.30     ~ 2644 1
19 Ass Cyg OB 5 As* ~ ~           ~ 9 0
20 Ass Cyg OB 6 As* ~ ~           ~ 20 0
21 NAME Local Arm reg ~ ~           ~ 480 0

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