2010A&A...514A..72L


Query : 2010A&A...514A..72L

2010A&A...514A..72L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 514, A72-72 (2010/5-1)

Evaporation of the planet HD 189733b observed in HI Lyman-α.

LECAVELIER DES ETANGS A., EHRENREICH D., VIDAL-MADJAR A., BALLESTER G.E., DESERT J.-M., FERLET R., HEBRARD G., SING D.K., TCHAKOUMEGNI K.-O. and UDRY S.

Abstract (from CDS):

We observed three transits of the extrasolar planet HD189733b in Hi Lyman-α and in a few other lines in the ultraviolet with HST/ACS, in the search for atmospheric signatures. We detect a transit signature in the Lyman-α light curve with a transit depth of 5.05±0.75%. This depth exceeds the occultation depth produced by the planetary disk alone at the 3.5σ level (statistical). Other stellar emission lines are less bright, and, taken individually, they do not show the transit signature, while the whole spectra redward of the Lyman-α line has enough photons to show a transit signature consistent with the absorption by the planetary disk alone. The transit depth's upper limits in the emission lines are 11.1% for OI λ1305Å and 5.5% for CII λ1335Å lines. The presence of an extended exosphere of atomic hydrogen around HD189733b producing 5% absorption of the full unresolved Lyman-α line flux shows that the planet is losing gas. The Lyman-α light curve is well-fitted by a numerical simulation of escaping hydrogen in which the planetary atoms are pushed by the stellar radiation pressure. We constrain the escape rate of atomic hydrogen to be between 109 and 1011g/s and the ionizing extreme UV flux between 2 and 40 times the solar value (1-σ), with higher escape rates corresponding to larger EUV flux. The best fit is obtained for dM/dt=1010g/s and an EUV flux FEUV=20 times the solar value. HD189733b is the second extrasolar planet for which atmospheric evaporation has been detected.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): planetary systems - stars: individual: HD189733

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 NAME OGLE-TR-10b Pl 17 51 28.2589927588 -29 52 35.232998832           ~ 87 1
2 HD 189733 BY* 20 00 43.7129433648 +22 42 39.073143456 9.241 8.578 7.648 7.126 6.68 K2V 834 1
3 HD 189733b Pl 20 00 43.7130382888 +22 42 39.071811263           ~ 1323 1
4 HD 209458b Pl 22 03 10.7729598762 +18 53 03.548248479           ~ 1741 1
5 * 51 Peg b Pl 22 57 27.9804167474 +20 46 07.782240714           ~ 618 1

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2023.01.27-22:16:06

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