# 2010A&A...516L...2A

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 Query : 2010A&A...516L...2A

2010A&A...516L...2A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 516, L2-2 (2010/6-2)

The magnetic field of Betelgeuse: a local dynamo from giant convection cells?

AURIERE M., DONATI J.-F., KONSTANTINOVA-ANTOVA R., PERRIN G., PETIT P. and ROUDIER T.

Abstract (from CDS):

Betelgeuse is an M supergiant with a complex and extended atmosphere, which also harbors spots and giant granules at its surface. A possible magnetic field could contribute to the mass loss and to the heating of the outer atmosphere. We observed Betelgeuse, to directly study and infer the nature of its magnetic field. We used the new-generation spectropolarimeter NARVAL and the least square deconvolution (LSD) method to detect circular polarization within the photospheric absorption lines of Betelgeuse. We have unambiguously detected a weak Stokes V signal in the spectral lines of Betelgeuse, and measured the related surface-averaged longitudinal magnetic field Bl at 6 different epochs over one month. The detected longitudinal field is about one Gauss and is apparently increasing on the time scale of our observations. This work presents the first direct detection of the magnetic field of Betelgeuse. This magnetic field may be associated to the giant convection cells that could enable a local dynamo''.

Journal keyword(s): stars: individual: Betelgeuse - stars: magnetic field - stars: late-type - supergiants

Full paper

 Number of rows : 6
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 V* EK Eri BY* 04 20 38.6418121776 -06 14 45.577773096   7.036 6.154     K0III 114 0
2 * alf Tau LP? 04 35 55.23907 +16 30 33.4885 4.32 2.40 0.86 -0.37 -1.31 K5+III 1224 1
3 * alf Ori s*r 05 55 10.30536 +07 24 25.4304 4.38 2.27 0.42 -1.17 -2.45 M1-M2Ia-Iab 1585 0
4 * bet Gem PM* 07 45 18.94987 +28 01 34.3160 3.00 2.14 1.14 0.39 -0.11 K0IIIb 1081 1
5 * alf Lyr dS* 18 36 56.33635 +38 47 01.2802 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.07 0.10 A0Va 2615 0
6 HD 199178 Ro* 20 53 53.6520433056 +44 23 11.080108284   7.98 7.24     G5III-IV 208 1

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2022.12.05-17:54:13

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