2010A&A...519A..62K


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.02.29CET12:02:12

2010A&A...519A..62K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 519, A62-62 (2010/9-1)

Tracing the merger-driven evolution of active galaxies using the CJF sample.

KAROUZOS M., BRITZEN S., ECKART A., WITZEL A. and ZENSUS A.

Abstract (from CDS):

For the evolution of large-scale structures in the Universe, it is unclear whether active galaxies represent a phase that each galaxy undergoes, and whether and to which extent the evolution of black holes at their centers is important. Binary black hole (BBH) systems may play a key role in our understanding of the above questions. We investigate the Caltech-Jodrell Bank flat-spectrum (CJF) sample to identify evidence that supports the merger-driven evolution scheme of active galaxies, and search for tracer-systems of active galactic nucleus (AGN) evolution and possible BBH candidates. We discuss the strength of and uncertainty in the evidence and formulate a set of selection criteria to detect such tracer-systems. We conduct an extensive literature search for all available multiwavelength data, particularly in the optical and infrared regime, and morphological information about the CJF sources. We perform a statistical analysis of the properties of this sample. We find 1 ULIRG (Mrk 231) included in the CJF prototype of a transitory system. In total, 28.6% of the CJF sources with z≤0.4 are distorted or have a companion. Given the unbiased sample used here, this provides strong evidence of the ubiquity of the merger phenomenon in the context of active galaxies. We find a correlation between the radio and the near-infrared luminosity of the high-luminosity sources, interpreted in the context of the interplay between a star-formation and AGN component. We find a connection between variability and evolutionary transitory systems, as selected on the basis of their near-infrared colors. We select 28 sources that trace the different evolution phases of an AGN, as well as a number of the most promising BBH candidates. We find 4 sources with almost periodical variability in the optical and radio on similar timescales.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: statistics - galaxies: active - galaxies: nuclei - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: fundamental parameters - galaxies: jets

Simbad objects: 126

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Number of rows : 126

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 ICRF J001331.1+405137 Sy1 00 13 31.13020334 +40 51 37.1441040   17.9 17.9     ~ 92 1
2 6C 001403+811827 QSO 00 17 08.4748554 +81 35 08.136591   17.60 16.52 15.95   ~ 356 1
3 QSO B0016+73 QSO 00 19 45.78641940 +73 27 30.0174396     19.0 18.26   ~ 271 1
4 ICRF J002127.3+731241 G 00 21 27.37482251 +73 12 41.9312197           ~ 30 1
5 7C 002246.60+390303.00 QSO 00 25 26.15767775 +39 19 35.4395037   18.4 19.8     ~ 44 1
6 4C 36.01 BLL 00 37 46.14323988 +36 59 10.8850961     18.0     ~ 37 1
7 5C 3.50 QSO 00 38 24.84359231 +41 37 06.0003032   19.9 19.9 18.95   ~ 115 1
8 QSO B0108+388 Bla 01 11 37.31680 +39 06 28.1039     22 22.000   ~ 232 1
9 QSO B0133+476 QSO 01 36 58.59480585 +47 51 29.1000445     18.0 19.25 15.21 ~ 439 1
10 QSO B0145+386 QSO 01 48 24.3771442840 +38 54 05.222015950     16.5 17.59   ~ 48 1
11 QSO B0153+744 QSO 01 57 34.9662542558 +74 42 43.219635727   16 16.0 16.7   ~ 194 1
12 6C 021252+733537 BLL 02 17 30.8143057005 +73 49 32.612359669     19.0 18.97   ~ 402 1
13 3C 66A BLL 02 22 39.6111630878 +43 02 07.797284539   15.71 15.21 14.5   ~ 782 1
14 QSO B0248+430 QSO 02 51 34.53674204 +43 15 15.8291997     18.0 13.72   ~ 189 1
15 4C 38.08A QSO 02 53 08.88807551 +38 35 24.9990546   18.3       ~ 39 1
16 ICRF J025442.6+393134 Sy1 02 54 42.6316712712 +39 31 34.719664103     16.30 16.91   ~ 57 1
17 3C 75 PaG 02 57 41.64 +06 01 28.0           ~ 281 1
18 ICRF J031301.9+412001 Sy1 03 13 01.96212305 +41 20 01.1835585   18.0   14.59   ~ 116 0
19 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3497 3
20 CJF B0344+405 Rad 03 48 00.0475 +40 43 58.936           ~ 5 0
21 ICRF J040549.2+380332 SyG 04 05 49.26234428 +38 03 32.2355703   18.5 18.5     ~ 115 3
22 QSO B0420-0127 QSO 04 23 15.80072776 -01 20 33.0654034   17.50 17.00 16.28   ~ 1031 3
23 QSO B0454+844 BLL 05 08 42.36345199 +84 32 04.5440155     16.5 18.95   ~ 227 1
24 8C 0546+726 QSO 05 52 52.9990805831 +72 40 45.117972091     18.0     ~ 21 1
25 3C 151 QSO 06 04 35.62876855 +44 13 58.5492768           ~ 43 1
26 QSO B0636+68 QSO 06 42 04.2571549110 +67 58 35.621670643     16.46 16.01   ~ 200 1
27 7C 064253.00+445430.00 QSO 06 46 32.02599463 +44 51 16.5901237   19.57 18.49 18.64   ~ 316 1
28 7C 065044.10+451813.00 QSO 06 54 23.71365666 +45 14 23.5456493     21.00 19.76   ~ 99 1
29 ICRF J065510.0+410010 QSO 06 55 10.02473 +41 00 10.1598   14.6   9.37   ~ 57 1
30 B3 0700+470 Rad 07 04 09.55826700 +47 00 56.0394062           ~ 19 0
31 4C 47.23 BLL 07 10 46.10487679 +47 32 11.1427167   18.2 18.2 13.9   ~ 125 1
32 QSO B0710+439 QSO 07 13 38.16412910 +43 49 17.2071530   20.7       ~ 222 0
33 7C 071105.79+353949.00 QSO 07 14 24.8173518143 +35 34 39.801232997     17 17.7   ~ 196 1
34 8C 0716+714 BLL 07 21 53.4484901266 +71 20 36.362058601   15.5 14.17 14.27   ~ 1115 1
35 QSO B0727+409 QSO 07 30 51.3464001024 +40 49 50.828759064   18.70 18.47 18.38   ~ 50 1
36 QSO B0731+479 QSO 07 35 02.3119687854 +47 50 08.430240083   18.0 18.0 16.97   ~ 45 1
37 7C 073311.80+594748.00 Bla 07 37 30.08697865 +59 41 03.1943714   15.5   11.8   ~ 55 1
38 7C 080458.39+495918.00 QSO 08 08 39.66628353 +49 50 36.5304035   19.55 19.18 18.34   ~ 318 2
39 7C 081451.89+423206.00 BLL 08 18 15.99960470 +42 22 45.4149140   18.88 18.18 17.81   ~ 344 1
40 4C 39.23A QSO 08 24 55.48385101 +39 16 41.9040901   18.55 18.21 17.20   ~ 164 1
41 4C 35.20 QSO 08 27 38.58823303 +35 25 05.0771894   21.09 20.77 18.48   ~ 74 1
42 ICRF J083454.9+553421 Sy2 08 34 54.90395243 +55 34 21.0703658   20.75 19.45 17.180   ~ 247 2
43 7C 083316.89+413622.00 QSO 08 36 36.8927308799 +41 25 54.711865933   17.78 17.57 17.6   ~ 57 1
44 4C 71.07 QSO 08 41 24.36526906 +70 53 42.1730054     16.5 16.8   ~ 686 1
45 4C 37.25 QSO 08 50 24.72978591 +37 47 09.4777059   21.08 20.36     ~ 67 2
46 4C 58.17 QSO 08 54 41.99641123 +57 57 29.9390674   18.56 18.18 17.43   ~ 206 1
47 QSO J0854+2006 BLL 08 54 48.8749311881 +20 06 30.642936668   15.91 15.43 15.56   ~ 1965 1
48 4C 47.29 QSO 09 03 03.99009765 +46 51 04.1374256   19.90 19.44 18.7   ~ 223 1
49 6C 091740+445437 QSO 09 20 58.45848243 +44 41 53.9850927   18.40 18.16 16.55   ~ 312 1
50 ICRF J092703.0+390220 Sy1 09 27 03.0139516273 +39 02 20.847968628   17.17 17.00 16.486   ~ 922 1
51 7C 0927+3516 BLL 09 30 55.27909120 +35 03 37.6081619   20.98 20.35 18.40   ~ 59 1
52 4C 40.24 QSO 09 48 55.33815234 +40 39 44.5869810   18.31 18.02 17.85   ~ 300 1
53 4C 66.09 AGN 09 49 12.16518 +66 14 59.5874   21.6 21.6     ~ 50 1
54 4C 55.17 QSO 09 57 38.1845058338 +55 22 57.750865288   18.24 17.89     ~ 371 1
55 7C 095509.40+473935.00 QSO 09 58 19.67163931 +47 25 07.8424347   18.78 18.62 18.39   ~ 195 1
56 6C 095456+654857 BLL 09 58 47.2452838930 +65 33 54.821524491     17.0 15.75   ~ 608 1
57 8C 1003+830 BLL 10 10 15.7660675001 +82 50 14.368764621     18.30 17.61   ~ 48 1
58 7C 1010+3500 QSO 10 13 49.61403383 +34 45 50.7835186   19.32 18.95 19.30   ~ 88 1
59 7C 102014.59+400329.00 QSO 10 23 11.56566179 +39 48 15.3854217   17.5 17.5 17.18   ~ 123 1
60 7C 1030+4131 QSO 10 33 03.70786817 +41 16 06.2329177   20.01 19.64 19.97   ~ 163 1
61 ICRF J103507.0+562846 Sy2 10 35 07.03999665 +56 28 46.7960909   20.2 21.244 20.200   ~ 170 1
62 7C 103843.60+524909.00 QSO 10 41 46.78163764 +52 33 28.2313168   16.96 18.5 16.39   ~ 115 1
63 4C 72.16 QSO 11 01 48.8051655467 +72 25 37.120491072   17.1 17.9 16.7   ~ 72 1
64 Mrk 421 BLL 11 04 27.3139210166 +38 12 31.798324828   13.50 12.90 8.31   ~ 2353 1
65 6C 112412+453344 QSO 11 26 57.6550073430 +45 16 06.287264845   17.66 17.51 17.01   ~ 64 1
66 QSO B1128+385 QSO 11 30 53.28261193 +38 15 18.5469933   19.11 18.80 19.42   ~ 167 1
67 CJ1 1144+402 Rad 11 47 +39.9     18.5     ~ 8 0
68 ICRF J114722.1+350107 Sy2 11 47 22.13056 +35 01 07.5226   17.89 16.83 10.26   ~ 146 1
69 7C 114610.00+594129.00 Bla 11 48 50.35825 +59 24 56.3820   12.9   11.57   ~ 202 1
70 6C 115021+811507 QSO 11 53 12.49919940 +80 58 29.1545750     18.5 18.54   ~ 217 1
71 4C 35.28 QSO 12 15 55.60104196 +34 48 15.2206760     20.0 19.4   ~ 97 1
72 6C 121638+484640 QSO 12 19 06.41474411 +48 29 56.1648065   21.22 20.49 19.90   ~ 108 1
73 [VV98] J122847.5+370612 QSO 12 28 47.42367744 +37 06 12.0958631   18.74 18.28 17.91   ~ 71 1
74 3C 273 BLL 12 29 06.6996828061 +02 03 08.598846466   13.05 14.830 14.11   ~ 5275 1
75 Mrk 231 Sy1 12 56 14.2340989340 +56 52 25.238555193   14.68 13.84     ~ 1757 3
76 5C 12.291 QSO 13 08 23.70914047 +35 46 37.1639586   20.95 20.22 19.43   ~ 62 1
77 ICRF J131103.2+551354 Sy1 13 11 03.21082487 +55 13 54.3223262   19.86 19.49 20.41   ~ 64 1
78 QSO B1333+459 QSO 13 35 21.9625685328 +45 42 38.233185530   18.30 18.22 17.67   ~ 86 0
79 7C 134742.50+535607.00 QSO 13 49 34.6564776735 +53 41 17.037783451   17.95 17.67 17.06   ~ 117 1
80 6C 141318+371936 QSO 14 15 28.4669603852 +37 06 21.162401903   18.12 17.94     ~ 62 1
81 4C 46.29 QSO 14 17 08.1613494943 +46 07 05.450878923   18.13 17.99     ~ 77 1
82 6C 141804+543700 BLL 14 19 46.5976435439 +54 23 14.787308481   16.17 15.65 14.16   ~ 532 1
83 6C 141743+383524 QSO 14 19 46.61376070 +38 21 48.4750925   19.88 19.66 19.25   ~ 128 1
84 6C 143208+421634 QSO 14 34 05.69448171 +42 03 15.9916072   20.07 19.66 20.39   ~ 59 1
85 8C 1435+638 QSO 14 36 45.8021364767 +63 36 37.865982148   17.06 16.86 16.23   ~ 183 1
86 7C 144255.29+634509.00 QSO 14 43 58.6013559935 +63 32 26.366916230   18.33 17.77 17.1   ~ 48 1
87 ICRF J150609.5+373051 Sy2 15 06 09.52996778 +37 30 51.1325044   21.2 21.2 20.60   ~ 153 1
88 6C 154338+514423 QSO 15 45 02.8236206369 +51 35 00.885518763   17.96 17.77 17.57   ~ 64 1
89 4C 41.32 QSO 16 25 57.66971410 +41 34 40.6292986     22 21.73   ~ 154 1
90 4C 38.41 QSO 16 35 15.492970280 +38 08 04.50062279   18.14 17.97 17.25   ~ 736 1
91 4C 47.44 QSO 16 37 45.130548170 +47 17 33.83117470   17.5   18.69   ~ 114 1
92 ICRF J163813.4+572023 Sy1 16 38 13.45629705 +57 20 23.9790727     17.0 16.94   ~ 306 1
93 [VV98] J163939.8+535747 QSO 16 39 39.8443213483 +53 57 47.107839742   19.71 19.58 20.04   ~ 34 1
94 6C 163852+395305 QSO 16 40 29.632771800 +39 46 46.02850331   18.4 16.5 18.75   ~ 267 2
95 6C 164218+690201 QSO 16 42 07.84850549 +68 56 39.7564973   19.723   19.219   ~ 280 1
96 3C 345 QSO 16 42 58.8100340220 +39 48 36.999540578   16.81 16.59 16.84   ~ 1539 2
97 NGC 6240 Sy2 16 52 58.861 +02 24 03.55   14.31 13.37     ~ 1460 2
98 4C 39.49 BLL 16 53 52.21668494 +39 45 36.6089458 14.09 14.15 13.29 8.26   ~ 1893 2
99 6C 165641+474241 QSO 16 58 02.77959728 +47 37 49.2310389   17.93 17.70 17.02   ~ 98 1
100 ICRF J170009.2+683006 Sy1 17 00 09.2929719245 +68 30 06.958673355     17.00 18.47   ~ 80 1
101 7C 1716+6839 QSO 17 16 13.9368525850 +68 36 38.742970991   18.99 18.16 17.67   ~ 91 1
102 ICRF J172109.4+354216 Sy1 17 21 09.4917696438 +35 42 16.071943112   17.5   16.90   ~ 66 1
103 ICRF J172727.6+453039 Sy1 17 27 27.65080470 +45 30 39.7313444   19.0 19.0 16.64   ~ 162 1
104 7C 173240.70+385949.00 BLL 17 34 20.57853662 +38 57 51.4430746   19.5 19 19.00   ~ 162 1
105 4C 51.37 QSO 17 40 36.9779934388 +52 11 43.411910710   18.16 18.5 16.73   ~ 358 1
106 6C 174400+554318 QSO 17 44 56.60706995 +55 42 17.1611150   13.0 13.5     ~ 65 1
107 8C 1745+624 QSO 17 46 14.03413721 +62 26 54.7383903   20.91 19.51     ~ 103 1
108 7C 1749+7006 BLL 17 48 32.8399653579 +70 05 50.768853537   17.46 17.01 15.48   ~ 379 1
109 QSO B1751+441 BLL 17 53 22.64789038 +44 09 45.6862867   19.5 19.5 18.76   ~ 70 1
110 7C 1755+5749 QSO 17 56 03.6268378209 +57 48 47.986168938     18.00 18.4   ~ 45 1
111 7C 175844.60+384828.00 QSO 18 00 24.76536125 +38 48 30.6975330   17.8 17.8 17.04   ~ 125 1
112 8C 1803+784 BLL 18 00 45.6831135718 +78 28 04.017792333   16.4 16.4 15.46   ~ 652 1
113 7C 180003.10+440418.00 QSO 18 01 32.31482108 +44 04 21.9003219   16.8 16.8 15.29   ~ 167 1
114 3C 371 BLL 18 06 50.6803567107 +69 49 28.108152993   14.77 14.22 11.39   ~ 789 2
115 ICRF J182314.1+793849 Sy2 18 23 14.10850830 +79 38 49.0019179   19.269 16.70 17.415   ~ 59 1
116 4C 56.27 BLL 18 24 07.06837771 +56 51 01.4908371   18.9 18.4 16.48   ~ 432 1
117 NVSS J184535+354116 rG 18 45 35.10885925 +35 41 16.7265084   19.830   21.900   ~ 52 0
118 ICRF J192748.4+735801 Sy1 19 27 48.4944745594 +73 58 01.571908984     15.5 15.11   ~ 486 2
119 QSO B1946+708 Bla 19 45 53.51992731 +70 55 48.7321708   18.726 16.70 17.199   ~ 124 2
120 8C 2007+777 BLL 20 05 30.9981060951 +77 52 43.245329882     16.5 17.36   ~ 399 1
121 ICRF J202206.6+613658 Sy2 20 22 06.68174818 +61 36 58.8047862     19.5 17.58   ~ 288 1
122 2MAXI J2115+821 Sy1 21 14 01.1716311384 +82 04 48.338015583           ~ 105 1
123 NAME BL Lac BLL 22 02 43.2913773726 +42 16 39.978417860   15.66 14.72     ~ 1984 1
124 QSO B2214+350 BLL 22 16 20.00990099 +35 18 14.1802625   18.0 18.5 17.53   ~ 57 1
125 4C 45.51 QSO 23 54 21.68022839 +45 53 04.2365363   20.6 20.6 19.1   ~ 195 1
126 ICRF J235509.4+495008 Sy2 23 55 09.45814510 +49 50 08.3395036   21.101   18.400   ~ 243 1

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2020.02.29-12:02:12

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