Query : 2010A&A...521A..13M

2010A&A...521A..13M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 521, A13-13 (2010/10-1)

Comet-shaped sources at the Galactic Center. Evidence of a wind from the central 0.2pc.


Abstract (from CDS):

In 2007 we reported two comet-shaped sources in the vicinity of SgrA* (0.8'' and 3.4'' projected distance), named X7 and X3. The symmetry axes of the two sources are aligned to within 5° in the plane of the sky, and the tips of their bow shocks point towards SgrA*. Our measurements show that the proper motion vectors of both features are pointing in directions more than 45° away from the line that connects them with Sgr A*. This misalignment of the bow-shock symmetry axes and their proper motion vectors, combined with the high proper motion velocities of several 100km/s, suggest that the bow shocks must be produced by an interaction with some external fast wind, possibly coming from SgrA*, or from stars in its vicinity. We have developed a bow-shock model to fit the observed morphology and constrain the source of the external wind. The result of our modeling gives the best solution for bow-shock standoff distances for the two features, which allows us to estimate the velocity of the external wind, making certain that all likely stellar types of the bow-shock stars are considered. We show that neither of the two bow shocks (one of which is clearly associated with a stellar source) can be produced by the influence of a stellar wind of a single mass-losing star in the central parsec. Instead, an outflow carrying a momentum comparable to the one contributed by the ensemble of the massive young stars can drive shock velocities capable of producing the observed comet-shaped features. We argue that a collimated outflow arising perpendicular to the plane of the clockwise rotating stars (CWS) can easily account for the two features and the mini-cavity. However, the collective wind from the CWS has a scale of >10''. The presence of a strong, mass-loaded outbound wind at projected distances from SgrA* of <1'' in fact agrees with models that predict a highly inefficient accretion onto the central black hole owing to a strongly radius dependent accretion flow.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: center - stars: mass-loss - infrared: stars - infrared: ISM

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 13080 0
2 [MES2007] X3 flt 17 45 39.8478 -29 00 30.445           ~ 16 0
3 [MES2007] X7 flt 17 45 40.00 -29 00 28.6           ~ 17 0

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