Query : 2011A&A...525A..34L

2011A&A...525A..34L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 525A, 34-34 (2011/1-1)

(65) Cybele: detection of small silicate grains, water-ice, and organics.


Abstract (from CDS):

(65) Cybele is the most representative member of a population of primitive asteroids in the outer edge of the main belt, the Cybele asteroids. Recent dynamical models suggest that a significant fraction of them originated in the primordial transneptunian disk, so the study of the physical properties of these asteroids is potentially a useful test of these models. Our aim is to obtain information on the surface composition of this asteroid. In particular we want to obtain information on the composition and properties of the regolith and the possible presence of ices and organic materials. We present 2-4µm and 5-14µm spectroscopy of (65) Cybele obtained with the NASA IRTF telescope and Spitzer Space Telescope respectively. We compare the results with spectra of Trojan asteroids and asteroid (24) Themis. We analyze the 2-4µm spectrum using scattering models and we apply thermal models to the 5-14µm data. The 2-4µm spectrum of (65) Cybele presents an absorption band centered at ∼3.1µm and more weaker bands in the 3.2-3.6µm region, very similar to those observed in (24) Themis. No hydrated silicates are detected. From the spectrum in the 5-14µm region an effective diameter D=290±5km, a beaming paramete η=0.967±0.014, and a geometric visible albedo pV=0.05±0.01 are derived using the NEATM thermal model. The emisivity spectrum in the 5-14µm range exhibits an emission plateau at about 9 to 12µm with an spectral contrast of ∼5%. This emission is similar to that of Trojan asteroids and active comets and may be due to small silicate grains being imbedded in a relatively transparent matrix, or to a very under-dense (fairy-castle) surface structure. The lower amplitude of the silicate emission in Cybele's spectrum with respect to that of Trojan asteroids could be attributed to larger dust particles and/or a slightly denser structure. The surface of (65) Cybele is covered by a fine anhydrous silicate grains mantle, with a small amount of water ice and complex organic solids. This is similar to comet surface where non-equilibrium phases coexist. The presence of water-ice and anhydrous silicates is indicative that hydration did not happened or is incomplete, suggesting that the temperatures were always sufficiently low.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): minor planets, asteroids: general - minor planets, asteroids: individual: glutag{Viz.MP 65|(65) Cybele} - comets: general - methods: observational - techniques: spectroscopic

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 HD 42618 PM* 06 12 00.5668858951 +06 46 59.057784676 7.632 7.496 6.839 6.478 6.143 G4V 190 0
2 HD 206488 SB* 21 42 26.7194528976 +00 26 43.993736844   9.30 8.83     G0/2+F/G 30 0
3 * 51 Peg PM* 22 57 27.9804852576 +20 46 07.797040104 6.39 6.16 5.46 4.97 4.61 G2IV 1163 1
4 BD-00 4557 PM* 23 42 41.8259946456 +00 45 13.139398080 10.411 10.305 9.693 9.339 8.991 F8 67 0

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