Query : 2011A&A...525A..61P

2011A&A...525A..61P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 525A, 61-61 (2011/1-1)

The chemical evolution of elliptical galaxies with stellar and QSO dust production.


Abstract (from CDS):

The presence of dust strongly affects the way we see galaxies and also the chemical abundances we measure in gas. It is therefore important to study the chemical evolution of galaxies by taking into account dust evolution. We aim at performing a detailed study of abundance ratios of high redshift objects and their dust properties. We focus on Lyman-Break galaxies (LBGs) and Quasar (QSO) hosts as likely progenitors of low- and high-mass present-day elliptical galaxies, respectively. We have adopted a chemical evolution model for elliptical galaxies taking into account the dust production from low and intermediate mass stars, supernovae Ia, supernovae II, QSOs and both dust destruction and accretion processes. By means of such a model we have followed the chemical evolution of ellipticals of different baryonic masses. Our model complies with chemical downsizing. We made predictions for the abundance ratios versus metallicity trends for models of differing masses that can be used to constrain the star formation rate, initial mass function and dust mass in observed galaxies. We predict the existence of a high redshift dust mass-stellar mass relationship. We have found a good agreement with the properties of LBGs if we assume that they formed at redshift z=2-4. In particular, a non-negligible amount of dust is needed to explain the observed abundance pattern. We studied the QSO SDSS J114816, one of the most distant QSO ever observed (z=6.4), and we have been able to reproduce the amount of dust measured in this object. The dust is clearly due to the production from supernovae and the most massive AGB stars as well as from the grain growth in the interstellar medium. The QSO dust is likely to dominate only in the very central regions of the galaxies and during the early development of the galactic wind.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - quasars: individual: SDSS J114816 - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - ISM: abundances - galaxies: evolution

Simbad objects: 6

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Number of rows : 6
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 SDSS J114816.64+525150.3 QSO 11 48 16.647 +52 51 50.31   25.73 25.04     ~ 459 0
2 NAME Cosmic Horseshoe G 11 48 33.10 +19 30 03.2           ~ 82 0
3 NAME the Clone gLS 12 06 02.09 +51 42 29.5           ~ 45 0
4 NAME MS 1512-cB58 AGN 15 14 22.2751 +36 36 25.674     20.64   20.35 ~ 324 0
5 2MASS J21145258+0607423 Sy1 21 14 52.5774985320 +06 07 42.433198104   16.06 15.77     ~ 213 0
6 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 4360 0

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