Query : 2011A&A...525A..89A

2011A&A...525A..89A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 525A, 89-89 (2011/1-1)

CS, HC3N, and CH3CCH multi-line analyses toward starburst galaxies. The evolution of cloud structures in the central regions of galaxies.


Abstract (from CDS):

We aim to study the properties of the dense molecular gas towards the inner few 100 pc of four nearby starburst galaxies dominated both by photo dissociation regions (M82) and large-scale shocks (NGC253, IC342, and Maffei2), and to connect the chemical and physical properties of the molecular clouds with the evolutionary stage of the nuclear starbursts. We have carried out multi-transitional observations and analyses of three dense gas molecular tracers, CS, HC3N (cyanoacetylene), and CH3CCH (methyl acetylene), using Boltzmann diagrams in order to determine the rotational temperatures and column densities of the dense gas, and using a large velocity gradients model to calculate the H2 density structure in the molecular clouds. The CS and HC3N data indicate the presence of density gradients in the molecular clouds. These two molecules show similar excitation conditions, suggesting that they arise from the same gas components. In M82, CH3CCH has the highest fractional abundance determined in an extragalactic source (1.1x10–8). The density and the chemical gradients we found in all galaxies can be explained in the framework of the starburst evolution, which affects the chemistry and the structure of molecular clouds around the galactic nuclei. The young shock-dominated starburst galaxies, like presumably Maffei2, show a cloud structure with a fairly uniform density and chemical composition that suggests low star formation activity. Molecular clouds in galaxies with starburst in an intermediate stage of evolution, such as NGC253 and IC342, show clouds with a high density contrast (two orders of magnitude) between the denser regions (cores) and the less dense regions (halos) of the molecular clouds and relatively constant chemical abundance. Finally, the galaxy with the most evolved starburst, M82, has clouds with a fairly uniform density structure, large envelopes of atomic/molecular gas subjected to UV photodissociating radiation from young star clusters, and very different chemical abundances of HC3N and CH3CCH.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: molecules - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: groups: individual: NGC 253 - galaxies: groups: individual: M82 - galaxies: groups: individual: IC 342 - galaxies: groups: individual: Maffei 2

Simbad objects: 7

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Number of rows : 7
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 3125 2
2 UGCA 39 GiG 02 41 55.092 +59 36 14.73   16       ~ 338 1
3 IC 342 SBG 03 46 48.514 +68 05 45.98   10.5       ~ 1451 1
4 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5585 6
5 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 12914 0
6 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3867 3
7 NAME Sgr B2 MoC 17 47 20.4 -28 23 07           ~ 2092 1

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