C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.01.16CET23:12:40

2011A&A...526A.163A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 526A, 163-163 (2011/2-1)

X-ray impact on the protoplanetary disks around T Tauri stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

T Tauri stars have X-ray luminosities in the range LX=1028-1032erg/s. These luminosities are similar to their UV luminosities (LUV∼1030-1031 erg/s) and therefore X-rays are expected to affect the physics and chemistry of the upper layers of their surrounding protoplanetary disks. The effects and importance of X-rays on the chemical and hydrostatic structure of protoplanetary disks are investigated, species tracing X-ray irradiation (for LX≥1029erg/s) are identified and predictions for [OI], [CII], and [NII] fine structure line fluxes are provided. We implemented X-ray physics and chemistry into the chemo-physical disk code ProDiMo. We include Coulomb heating and H2 ionization as heating processes and both primary and secondary ionization due to X-rays in the chemistry. X-rays heat the gas causing it to expand in the optically thin surface layers. Neutral molecular species are not significantly affected in terms of their abundance and spatial distribution, but charged species such as N+, OH+, H2O+, and H3O+ display enhanced abundances in the disk surface. Coulomb heating by X-rays changes the vertical structure of the disk, yielding temperatures of ∼8000K out to distances of 50AU. The chemical structure is altered by the high electron abundance of the gas at the disk surface, causing an efficient ion-molecule chemistry. The products of this, OH+, H2O+ and H3O+, are of great interest for observations of low-mass young stellar objects with the Herschel Space Observatory. Both [OI] (at 63 and 145µm) and [CII] (at 158µm) fine structure emission are affected only for LX>1030erg/s.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): protoplanetary disks - methods: numerical

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 V* TW Hya TT* 11 01 51.9054298616 -34 42 17.031550898   11.94 10.50 10.626 9.18 K6Ve 1586 1
2 Mrk 231 Sy1 12 56 14.2340989340 +56 52 25.238555193   14.68 13.84     ~ 1809 3
3 V* EK Dra BY* 14 39 00.2109485496 +64 17 29.977371998   8.243 7.604     G1.5V 383 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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