2011A&A...526L...6R


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.13CEST08:13:23

2011A&A...526L...6R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 526, L6-6 (2011/2-1)

X-shooter observations of the accreting brown dwarf J053825.4-024241.

RIGLIACO E., NATTA A., RANDICH S., TESTI L., COVINO E., HERCZEG G. and ALCALA J.M.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present the first observations of a probable brown dwarf, obtained with the new spectrograph X-shooter mounted on the VLT/UT2. The target (2MASS J053825.4-024241) is a 0.06M object in the star-formation region σ Ori. The X-shooter spectrum covers simultaneously the whole range from UV to NIR (300-2500 nm). The J053825.4-024241 spectrum is rich in emission lines that are typical of accreting young object and clearly shows the Balmer jump. Moreover, many photospheric atomic and molecular absorption lines yield the spectral type and confirm that the object is young. We compute the mass accretion rate from all available observed accretion diagnostics. We find that there is a large spread in the {dot}(M)acc values (up to a factor 40) that is not caused by variability; some of this spread may be intrinsic, i.e., owing to different physical conditions of the emitting region for the same {dot}(M)acc. However, within the large error bars all {dot}(M)acc measurements agree, and the mean value is log{dot}(M)acc~-9.86±0.45M/y. The hydrogen Balmer lines are clearly detected up to n=25. Their ratios suggest that the emitting region is cold (T∼2000-3000K), dense and in thermal equilibrium (LTE), and that the lines are optically thick up to n∼21. We briefly discuss the implications of this result for magnetospheric accretion models.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: formation - accretion, accretion disks

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 V* V2728 Ori Or* 05 38 25.4362816834 -02 42 41.261836830   20.88 20.33 19.08 17.20 M7 30 0
2 2MASS J05383858-0241558 Y*O 05 38 38.5945611243 -02 41 55.919882016 20.86 21.50 19.80 18.31 16.42 M5.5e 24 0
3 NAME sigma Orionis Cluster MGr 05 38 42 -02 36.0           ~ 486 0
4 NAME Ophiuchus Molecular Cloud SFR 16 28 06 -24 32.5           ~ 3027 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.13-08:13:23

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