Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 527A, 103-103 (2011/3-1)
VLTI/AMBER spectro-interferometry of the Herbig Be star MWC 297 with spectral resolution 12000.
WEIGELT G., GRININ V.P., GROH J.H., HOFMANN K.-H., KRAUS S., MIROSHNICHENKO A.S., SCHERTL D., TAMBOVTSEVA L.V., BENISTY M., DRIEBE T., LAGARDE S., MALBET F., MEILLAND A., PETROV R. and TATULLI E.
Abstract (from CDS):
Circumstellar disks and outflows play a fundamental role in star formation. Infrared spectro-interferometry allows the inner accretion-ejection region to be resolved. We study the disk and Brγ-emitting region of MWC 297 with high spatial and spectral resolution and compare our observations with disk-wind models. We measured interferometric visibilities, wavelength-differential phases, and closure phases of MWC 297 with a spectral resolution of 12000. To interpret our MWC 297 observations, we employed disk-wind models. The measured continuum visibilities confirm previous results that the continuum-emitting region of MWC 297 is remarkably compact. We derive a continuum ring-fit radius of ∼2.2mas (∼0.56AU at a distance of 250pc), which is ∼5.4 times smaller than the 3 AU dust sublimation radius expected for silicate grains (in the absence of radiation-shielding material). The strongly wavelength-dependent and asymmetric Brγ-emitting region is more extended (∼2.7times) than the continuum-emitting region. At the center of the Brγ line, we derive a Gaussian fit radius of ∼6.3mas HWHM (∼1.6AU). To interpret the observations, we employ a magneto-centrifugally driven disk-wind model consisting of an accretion disk, which emits the observed continuum radiation, and a disk wind, which emits the Brγ line. The calculated wavelength-dependent model intensity distributions and Brγ line profiles are compared with the observations (i.e., K-band spectrum, visibilities, differential phases, and closure phases). The closest fitting model predicts a continuum-emitting disk with an inner radius of ∼0.3AU and a disk wind ejection region with an inner radius of ∼0.5AU (∼17.5 stellar radii). We obtain a disk-wind half-opening angle (the angle between the rotation axis and the innermost streamline of the disk wind) of ∼80°, which is larger than in T Tau models, and a disk inclination angle of ∼20° (i.e., almost pole-on). Our observations with a spectral resolution of 12000 allow us to study the AU-scale environment of MWC 297 in ∼10 different spectral channels across the Brγ emission line. We show that the K-band flux, visibilities, and remarkably strong phases can be explained by the employed magneto-centrifugally driven disk wind model.