C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.04.12CEST03:02:46

2011A&A...528A..11W - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 528A, 11-11 (2011/4-1)

A sensitive upper limit to the circular polarization of the Crab nebula at λ3 mm.


Abstract (from CDS):

A new observation of the distribution of the circular polarization over the Crab Nebula supernova remnant yields an upper limit of <0.2% at a radio frequency of 89.2 GHz. This limit is set by the uncertainty in correcting for the instrumental polarization. The raw data were dominated by the conversion of the strong linear polarization to circular in the crosspolarized sidelobes of the 30 m telescope. They were modeled as due to a differential phase gradient between the orthogonally linearly polarized far-field radiation patterns of the two receivers. As the source is tracked these rotate with respect to the radio source distribution on the sky since the telescope has an alt-azimuth mount and a Nasmyth focus. This allows the model to be fit to the raw data and a correction can be made. Our limit of <0.2% is to be compared with <0.03% derived at 610MHz (Wilson & Weiler 1997ApJ...475..661W) and <6% measured at 23GHz (Wright & Forster, 1980ApJ...239..873W). These limits are consistent with the polarization expected from an optically thin synchrotron source with the known physical properties of the Crab Nebula. This non-detection does not allow an estimate to be made of the relative contribution to the radio emission from electrons and positrons.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: supernova remnants - radiation mechanisms: non-thermal - polarization

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 V* CM Tau Psr 05 34 31.93830 +22 00 52.1758           ~ 4877 1
2 M 1 SNR 05 34 31.94 +22 00 52.2           ~ 5721 4
3 PSR B1937+21 Psr 19 39 39.6 +21 37 22           ~ 981 2

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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