2011A&A...529A..55M


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.04CEST02:31:38

2011A&A...529A..55M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 529A, 55-55 (2011/5-1)

Cosmological effects on the observed flux and fluence distributions of gamma-ray bursts: are the most distant bursts in general the faintest ones?

MESZAROS A., RIPA J. and RYDE F.

Abstract (from CDS):

Several claims have been put forward that an essential fraction of long-duration BATSE gamma-ray bursts should lie at redshifts larger than 5. This point-of-view follows from the natural assumption that fainter objects should, on average, lie at larger redshifts. However, redshifts larger than 5 are rare for bursts observed by Swift, seemingly contradicting the BATSE estimates. The purpose of this article is to clarify this contradiction.We derive the cosmological relationships between the observed and emitted quantities, and we arrive at a prediction that can be tested on the ensembles of bursts with determined redshifts. This analysis is independent on the assumed cosmology, on the observational biases, as well as on any gamma-ray burst model. Four different samples are studied: 8 BATSE bursts with redshifts, 13 bursts with derived pseudo-redshifts, 134 Swift bursts with redshifts, and 6 Fermi bursts with redshifts.The controversy can be explained by the fact that apparently fainter bursts need not, in general, lie at large redshifts. Such a behaviour is possible, when the luminosities (or emitted energies) in a sample of bursts increase more than the dimming of the observed values with redshift. In such a case dP(z)/dz>0 can hold, where P(z) is either the peak-flux or the fluence. All four different samples of the long bursts suggest that this is really the case. This also means that the hundreds of faint, long-duration BATSE bursts need not lie at high redshifts, and that the observed redshift distribution of long Swift bursts might actually represent the actual distribution.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gamma-ray burst: general - cosmology: miscellaneous

Simbad objects: 164

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Number of rows : 164

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 GRB 070110 gB 00 03 39.270 -52 58 27.00 21.8 21.9 21.2     ~ 170 0
2 GRB 070611 gB 00 07 58.000 -29 45 19.40           ~ 79 0
3 GRB 060912 gB 00 21 08.160 +20 58 17.80 17.61   17.56     ~ 41 0
4 GRB 071031 gB 00 25 37.40 -58 03 33.9           ~ 142 0
5 GRB 080710 gB 00 33 05.68 +19 30 05.8           ~ 103 0
6 GRB 050824 gB 00 48 56.100 +22 36 32.00 19.66 21.03 20.46     ~ 156 0
7 GRB 050904 gB 00 54 50.794 +14 05 09.42           ~ 431 1
8 GRB 050908 gB 01 21 50.750 -12 57 17.20           ~ 157 1
9 GRB 081222 gB 01 30 57.76 -34 05 44.0           ~ 151 0
10 GRB 091208B gB 01 57 38.50 +16 52 50.7           ~ 152 0
11 GRB 060908 gB 02 07 18.360 +00 20 31.20 16.99 18.34 16.85     ~ 175 0
12 GRB 091018 gB 02 08 46 -57 33.0           ~ 117 0
13 GRB 080707 gB 02 10 28.48 +33 06 35.1           ~ 62 0
14 GRB 070721B gB 02 12 32.98 -02 11 39.8           ~ 98 0
15 SN 2009nz SN* 02 26 19.87 -18 57 08.6           ~ 226 1
16 GRB 070802 gB 02 27 35.91 -55 31 39.1           ~ 136 0
17 GRB 080411 gB 02 31 54.82 -71 18 07.5           ~ 80 0
18 GRB 071112C gB 02 36 50.89 +28 22 16.9           ~ 129 0
19 GRB 050603 gB 02 39 56.839 -25 10 54.92     18.48     ~ 148 0
20 GRB 060906 gB 02 43 00.900 +30 21 42.12     19.84     ~ 116 0
21 GRB 090926B gB 03 05 14.30 -38 59 50.9           ~ 112 1
22 GRB 061007 gB 03 05 19.510 -50 30 02.50 14.28 14.40 12.95     ~ 269 1
23 GRB 070318 gB 03 13 56.830 -42 56 46.30 18.27 16.23 15.49     ~ 139 0
24 GRB 050318 gB 03 18 51.000 -46 23 43.61 18.10 18.68 17.58     ~ 157 0
25 SN 2006aj SN* 03 21 39.670 +16 52 02.27 17.96 19.11 17.40     SNIc-BL 828 1
26 GRB 060115 gB 03 36 08.400 +17 20 43.00           ~ 146 0
27 GRB 060223A gB 03 40 49.560 -17 07 48.40     17.90     ~ 77 0
28 GRB 060210 gB 03 50 57.370 +27 01 34.40   20.27       ~ 223 0
29 GRB 070714B gB 03 51 22.30 +28 17 51.3           ~ 169 1
30 GRB 060904B gB 03 52 50.520 -00 43 30.61 18.27 19.14 18.37     ~ 162 0
31 GRB 091029 gB 04 00 40.00 -55 57 12.7           ~ 117 0
32 GRB 060124 gB 05 08 25.900 +69 44 26.98   18.91 17.35     ~ 236 0
33 GRB 991216 gB 05 09 31.2983 +11 17 07.262           ~ 406 1
34 GRB 081118 gB 05 30 22.28 -43 18 03.1           ~ 62 0
35 GRB 050826 gB 05 51 01.590 -02 38 35.40           ~ 109 0
36 GRB 081121 gB 05 57 07.70 -60 36 42.1           ~ 110 0
37 GRB 090328 gB 06 02 39.69 -41 52 55.1           ~ 140 1
38 GRB 000131 gB 06 13 31.08 -51 56 41.7     24.7     ~ 161 1
39 GRB 080928 gB 06 20 16.85 -55 11 59.3           ~ 128 1
40 GRB 060729 gB 06 21 31.850 -62 22 12.69           ~ 247 0
41 GRB 970508 gB 06 53 49.2 +79 16 19           ~ 840 1
42 GRB 061222B gB 07 01 24.600 -25 51 36.00     19.87     ~ 71 0
43 GRB 980329 gB 07 02 41 +38 50.7           ~ 264 1
44 GRB 070411 gB 07 09 19.930 +01 03 52.60     17.94     ~ 113 0
45 GRB 070612A gB 08 05 28.530 +37 16 09.57           ~ 61 0
46 GRB 081028 gB 08 07 34.40 +02 18 16.8           ~ 91 0
47 GRB 090102 gB 08 32 59.50 +33 06 25.7           ~ 184 0
48 GRB 051016B gB 08 48 27.810 +13 39 20.00 20.45         ~ 122 0
49 GRB 090516A gB 09 12 59 -11 50.9           ~ 121 0
50 4B 951102 gB 09 14.3 +46 59           ~ 20 0
51 GRB 050505 gB 09 27 03.300 +30 16 23.70     20.74     ~ 170 1
52 GRB 090519 gB 09 29 16.20 +00 11 23.9           ~ 72 0
53 4B 960530 gB 09 33.6 -53 47           ~ 29 0
54 GRB 061210 gB 09 38 05.270 +15 37 17.30           ~ 114 0
55 GRB 060108 gB 09 48 01.980 +31 55 08.59           ~ 94 0
56 GRB 061121 gB 09 48 54.570 -13 11 42.68 17.19 17.71 17.02     ~ 287 0
57 GRB 070306 gB 09 52 23.220 +10 28 55.20           ~ 177 1
58 GRB 060602A gB 09 58 16.93 +00 18 12.8           ~ 39 0
59 GRB 071010B gB 10 02 09.20 +45 43 52.2           ~ 137 0
60 GRB 050319 gB 10 16 47.900 +43 32 53.80   18.02 17.01     ~ 232 1
61 GRB 100219A gB 10 16 48.46 -12 34 00.2           ~ 90 0
62 GRB 080430 gB 11 01 14.63 +51 41 07.8           ~ 125 0
63 GRB 080330 gB 11 17 06.70 +30 36 24.1           ~ 119 0
64 GRB 091020 gB 11 42 55.20 +50 58 42.0           ~ 135 0
65 GRB 080603B gB 11 46 07.46 +68 03 38.5           ~ 117 0
66 GRB 990506 gB 11 54 41 -26 45.0           ~ 158 1
67 GRB 971214 gB 11 56 26.4 +65 12 01           ~ 434 1
68 GRB 060123 gB 11 58 47.83 +45 30 50.9           ~ 38 0
69 GRB 070419A gB 12 10 58.830 +39 55 34.06 18.52         ~ 106 0
70 GRB 090424 gB 12 38 07.40 +16 49 45.9           ~ 202 0
71 GRB 070810A gB 12 39 51.18 +10 45 02.8           ~ 62 0
72 GRB 090323 gB 12 42 50.28 +17 03 11.9           ~ 183 1
73 GRB 100414A gB 12 48 30.0 +08 41 35           ~ 96 0
74 GRB 080607 gB 12 59 47.14 +15 55 09.6           ~ 209 0
75 GRB 100302A gB 13 02 03.66 +74 35 22.5           ~ 60 0
76 GRB 060512 gB 13 03 05.810 +41 11 27.21 19.12 19.63 17.20     ~ 120 0
77 GRB 070208 gB 13 11 32.607 +61 57 54.37 20.79 20.79 19.86     ~ 91 0
78 GRB 090313 gB 13 13 36.00 +08 05 10.7           ~ 116 0
79 GRB 990510 gB 13 38 07.64 -80 29 48.8           ~ 465 1
80 4B 941026 gB 13 43.8 -06 32           ~ 34 0
81 GRB 050730 gB 14 08 17.090 -03 46 18.90   20.32 17.68     ~ 282 1
82 1B 911104 gB 14 09.8 +35 02           ~ 36 0
83 GRB 090529 gB 14 09 52.56 +24 27 32.7           ~ 57 0
84 GRB 080319B gB 14 31 41.04 +36 18 09.2           ~ 421 0
85 4B 960804 gB 14 34.7 +68 12           ~ 15 0
86 GRB 050802 gB 14 37 05.820 +27 47 12.62 16.85 17.38 16.97     ~ 157 0
87 GRB 080310 gB 14 40 13.89 -00 10 30.4           ~ 160 0
88 GRB 060814 gB 14 45 21.480 +20 35 11.80           ~ 184 0
89 GRB 080721 gB 14 57 55.76 -11 43 24.9           ~ 140 0
90 GRB 060714 gB 15 11 26.450 -06 33 58.30   20.21 18.54     ~ 164 0
91 GRB 080906 gB 15 12 13 -80 32.4           ~ 43 0
92 GRB 990123 gB 15 25 29 +44 45.0     8.95     ~ 963 1
93 GRB 060526 gB 15 31 18.360 +00 17 04.90   18.31 17.16     ~ 233 0
94 GRB 081203A gB 15 32 07.6 +63 31 15           ~ 132 0
95 GRB 060418 gB 15 45 42.600 -03 38 20.00 15.73 16.19 14.98     ~ 322 1
96 GRB 080604 gB 15 47 51.64 +20 33 28.5           ~ 55 0
97 GRB 060510B gB 15 56 29.200 +78 34 12.00           ~ 131 0
98 GRB 060502A gB 16 03 42.480 +66 36 02.49     18.65     ~ 117 0
99 GRB 070521 gB 16 10 38.600 +30 15 22.70           ~ 128 0
100 GRB 050724 gB 16 24 44.400 -27 32 27.90     19.70     ~ 383 1
101 GRB 050401 gB 16 31 28.84 +02 11 14.5           ~ 302 0
102 GRB 090726 gB 16 34 43.50 +72 51 56.5           ~ 52 0
103 GRB 080210 gB 16 45 04.03 +13 49 36.3           ~ 92 0
104 GRB 090715B gB 16 45 21.58 +44 50 20.1           ~ 98 0
105 GRB 091003A gB 16 46 04.680 +36 37 31.08           ~ 102 0
106 GRB 100418A gB 17 05 26.96 +11 27 41.9           ~ 142 0
107 2B 920830 gB 17 14.1 -73 59           ~ 35 0
108 GRB 080319C gB 17 15 55.48 +55 23 31.7           ~ 137 0
109 GRB 080605 gB 17 28 30.04 +04 00 56.9           ~ 153 0
110 GRB 050814 gB 17 36 45.390 +46 20 21.60           ~ 134 0
111 GRB 090902B gB 17 39 45.26 +27 19 28.1           ~ 327 0
112 GRB 090418A gB 17 57 15.17 +33 24 21.1           ~ 72 0
113 GRB 050223 gB 18 05 32.200 -62 28 20.40           ~ 99 0
114 GRB 970828 gB 18 08 31.6 +59 18 51           ~ 335 1
115 GRB 990102 gB 18 22 +39.7           ~ 23 0
116 GRB 071122 gB 18 26 25.26 +47 04 29.5           ~ 65 0
117 GRB 050126 gB 18 32 27.22 +42 22 14.2           ~ 113 0
118 SN 2005nc SN* 18 32 32.560 +26 20 22.34           SNIc: 347 1
119 4B 950818 gB 18 34.6 +33 52           ~ 31 0
120 GRB 081008 gB 18 39 52.40 -57 25 58.8           ~ 156 0
121 GRB 070529 gB 18 54 58.230 +20 39 34.00 20.38   17.25     ~ 78 0
122 GRB 080413A gB 19 09 11.73 -27 40 39.6           ~ 123 0
123 GRB 071010A gB 19 12 14.42 -32 24 06.2           ~ 105 0
124 SN 1998bw SN* 19 35 03.17 -52 50 46.1   14.09       SNIc 1650 2
125 GRB 090618 gB 19 36 01.80 +78 21 07.1           ~ 269 0
126 GRB 100425A gB 19 56 47.16 -26 25 50.5           ~ 61 0
127 2B 920525 gB 19 58.5 -42 03           ~ 50 0
128 1B 911016 gB 20 01.9 -03 47           ~ 44 0
129 GRB 080905B gB 20 06 57.90 -62 33 46.4           ~ 80 0
130 GRB 071003 gB 20 07 24.50 +10 56 48.8           ~ 139 0
131 2B 921207 gB 20 25.3 -42 56           ~ 45 0
132 GRB 050315 gB 20 25 54.100 -42 36 02.19           ~ 192 0
133 GRB 091109A gB 20 37 00.50 -44 10 36.0           ~ 34 0
134 GRB 070508 gB 20 51 11.810 -78 23 04.88     19.62     ~ 112 0
135 GRB 080805 gB 20 56 55.30 -62 25 58.8           ~ 79 0
136 GRB 060614 gB 21 23 32.140 -53 01 36.10 18.89 20.12 19.54     ~ 507 1
137 GRB 060605 gB 21 28 37.320 -06 03 31.30   20.12 16.53     ~ 167 0
138 GRB 060522 gB 21 31 44.850 +02 53 10.80           ~ 115 0
139 GRB 061110B gB 21 35 40.400 +06 52 34.10           ~ 75 0
140 GRB 080413B gB 21 44 34.62 -19 58 51.2           ~ 148 0
141 GRB 080804 gB 21 54 41.90 -53 11 20.2           ~ 117 0
142 GRB 060927A gB 21 58 11.930 +05 21 50.32           ~ 173 0
143 GRB 060607 gB 21 58 50.400 -22 29 46.70 18.49 16.67 15.09     ~ 258 1
144 GRB 051109A gB 22 01 15.320 +40 49 23.70   20.09 20.14     ~ 148 0
145 GRB 060505 gB 22 07 03.440 -27 48 51.89           ~ 222 1
146 2B 930201 gB 22 14.1 +41 09           ~ 35 0
147 GRB 071117 gB 22 20 10.40 -63 26 36.6           ~ 88 0
148 GRB 080916A gB 22 25 09.30 -57 01 33.7           ~ 139 0
149 GRB 061110A gB 22 25 09.800 -02 15 30.70 21.43         ~ 115 0
150 GRB 060604 gB 22 28 55.010 -10 54 55.80 20.34 20.31       ~ 106 0
151 GRB 050820A gB 22 29 38.110 +19 33 37.10 18.33 19.00 18.47     ~ 338 1
152 GRB 091024 gB 22 37 +56.9           ~ 107 0
153 SN 2008hw SN* 22 39 50.39 -40 08 49.1           SNIc 144 1
154 GRB 071021 gB 22 42 34.34 +23 43 05.4           ~ 80 0
155 GRB 051109B gB 23 01 50.330 +38 40 46.51           ~ 73 0
156 GRB 081029 gB 23 07 06 -68 10.7           ~ 93 0
157 GRB 051111A gB 23 12 33.170 +18 22 28.80 19.77 20.08 19.50     ~ 185 1
158 GRB 050803 gB 23 22 37.910 +05 47 09.00           ~ 104 0
159 GRB 980125 gB 23 31 +36.0           ~ 18 0
160 GRB 090812 gB 23 32 48.5 -10 36 17           ~ 121 0
161 GRB 090926A gB 23 33 36.18 -66 19 25.9           ~ 250 0
162 GRB 080810 gB 23 47 08.00 +00 18 35.1           ~ 177 0
163 GRB 060707 gB 23 48 19.000 -17 54 17.00     19.79     ~ 135 0
164 GRB 980703 gB 23 59 06.7 +08 35 07           ~ 421 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.04-02:31:38

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