2011A&A...530A..41B


Query : 2011A&A...530A..41B

2011A&A...530A..41B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 530A, 41-41 (2011/6-1)

Evolution of inclined planets in three-dimensional radiative discs.

BITSCH B. and KLEY W.

Abstract (from CDS):

While planets in the solar system only have a low inclination with respect to the ecliptic there is mounting evidence that in extrasolar systems the inclination can be very high, at least for close-in planets. One process to alter the inclination of a planet is through planet-disc interactions. Recent simulations considering radiative transport have shown that the evolution of migration and eccentricity can strongly depend on the thermodynamic state of the disc. So far, this process has only been studied for a few selected planet masses using isothermal discs. We extend previous studies to investigate the planet-disc interactions of fixed and moving planets on inclined and eccentric orbits. We also analyse the effect of the disc's thermodynamic properties on the orbital evolution of embedded planets in detail. The protoplanetary disc is modelled as a viscous gas where the internally produced dissipation is transported by radiation. To solve the equations we use an explicit three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamical code NIRVANA that includes full tensor viscosity, as well as implicit radiation transport in the flux-limited diffusion approximation. To speed up the simulations we apply the FARGO-algorithm in a 3D context. For locally isothermal discs, we confirm previous results and find inclination damping and inward migration for planetary cores. For low inclinations (i≲2H/r), the damping is exponential, while it follows di/dt∝i–2 for larger i. For radiative discs, the planetary migration is very limited, as long as their inclination exceeds a certain threshold. If the inclination is damped below this threshold, planetary cores with a mass up to ≃33MEarth start to migrate outwards, while larger cores migrate inwards right from the start. The inclination is damped for all analysed planet masses. In a viscous disc an initial inclination of embedded planets will be damped for all planet masses. This damping occurs on timescales that are shorter than the migration time. If the inclination lies beneath a certain threshold, the outward migration in radiative discs is not handicapped. However, only planets with a mass up to ≃33MEarth are prone to this outward migration. Outward migration is strongest for circular and non-inclined orbits.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - planets and satellites: formation - hydrodynamics - planet-disk interactions - radiative transfer

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 Kepler-9 Er* 19 02 17.7544327200 +38 24 03.176851896     13.9 13.791   G2 190 1

Query : 2011A&A...530A..41B

Basic data :
Kepler-9 -- Eruptive Variable
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
* (2011ApJ,UCAC2,...), Ro* (2013A&A), Er* (2021AJ), NIR (2MASS), Opt (SDSS)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
19 02 17.7544327200 +38 24 03.176851896 (Optical) [ 0.0099 0.0111 90 ] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
19 00 34.9575918424 +38 19 38.444313887 [ 0.0099 0.0111 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
068.9801725093671 +14.4897755370885 [ 0.0099 0.0111 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
2.472 -14.691 [0.013 0.015 90] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, ∼=unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 3.09 [3.44] / z(spectroscopic) 0.000010 [0.000011] / cz 3.09 [3.44]
   (Opt) C 2022yCat.1355....0G
Syntax of parallax is : 'value quality [error] bibcode'
  • value : parallax value
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • [error] : mean error
  • bibcode : bibcode of the parallax reference
Parallaxes (mas):
1.5823 [0.012] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Spectral type is made of 3 parts: %coding is composed of 4 parts :
  • the spectral type, which is made of a temperature class, eventually a luminosity class (roman number) and/or spectral peculiarities;
  • a quality letter: A=best quality→E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality %
  • a quality letter: A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality
  • bibcode : bibcode of the spectral type reference
Spectral type:
G2 D 2011A&A...529A.136E
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (11) :
V 13.9 [~] D 2010Sci...330...51H
R 13.791 [0.07] E 2012yCat.1322....0Z
G 13.769321 [0.002765] C 2020yCat.1350....0G
J 12.710 [0.021] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
H 12.391 [0.021] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
K 12.337 [0.021] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
u (AB) 15.693 [0.005] C 2009ApJS..182..543A
g (AB) 15.076 [0.004] C 2009ApJS..182..543A
r (AB) 15.748 [0.012] C 2009ApJS..182..543A
i (AB) 14.278 [0.005] C 2009ApJS..182..543A
z (AB) 13.867 [0.005] C 2009ApJS..182..543A
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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Identifiers (12) :
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UCAC2 45196254 KOI-377 SPOCS 3005 UCAC4 643-065464
Kepler-9 2MASS J19021775+3824032 TIC 120571842 Gaia DR3 2099925719951103872
KIC 3323887 SDSS J190217.75+382403.1 UCAC3 257-142244 Gaia DR2 2099925719951103872

References (190 between 1850 and 2024) (Total 190)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


velocities : 1    V* : 5    diameter : 1    distance : 3    ROT : 2    Fe_H : 12    PLX : 3    PM : 2   

   


External archives :

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : Kepler-9

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

UCAC2 45196254 KIC 3323887 2MASS J19021775+3824032 SDSS J190217.75+382403.1 UCAC3 257-142244
UCAC4 643-065464 Gaia DR3 2099925719951103872 Gaia DR2 2099925719951103872

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