2011A&A...532A..26B


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.01.27CET08:08:47

2011A&A...532A..26B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 532A, 26-26 (2011/8-1)

The near-infrared spectral index of Sagittarius A* derived from Ks- and H-band flare statistics.

BREMER M., WITZEL G., ECKART A., ZAMANINASAB M., BUCHHOLZ R.M., SCHOEDEL R., STRAUBMEIER C., GARCIA-MARIN M. and DUSCHL W.

Abstract (from CDS):

The near-infrared (NIR) counterpart of Sagittarius A* (SgrA*) at the position of the 4x106M supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way has strongly varying flux densities. The broad-band near-infrared spectral index is an essential parameter to determine the underlying emission mechanism for the observed flare emission. We present a method to derive the NIR spectral index of SgrA* between the H- and Ks-band from the statistics of the observed flare emission. Our spectral index derivation is therefore based on an unprecedentedly large timebase of about seven years of monitoring the infrared counterpart of SgrA*. We examined NIR light curves of SgrA* in the H- and Ks-band and established flare number distributions as a function of peak flare flux. We assume that in both bands the same optically thin dominant emission mechanism is at work and produces similar number distributions of flares. We cross-correlated these histograms and determined a statistical expectation value of the H-Ks-band spectral index during the bright phases of SgrA*. With this new method, we can independently confirm that the expectation value of the spectral index for brighter flares is consistent with α=-0.7 (with the flux density (Fν∝ν )) which is expected for pure synchrotron radiation. We find a tendency for weaker flares to exhibit a steeper spectrum. We conclude that the distribution of spectral indices as a function of Ks-band flux density can successfully be described by an exponential cutoff proportional to ([-ν/ν0)0.5] because of synchrotron losses, with ν0 being a characteristic cutoff frequency. Varying ν0 between the NIR and sub-mm domain and assuming a sub-mm flux density variation of about one Jansky and optically thin spectral indices of α=-0.7±0.3 explains the observed spectral properties of SgrA* in the NIR.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): black hole physics - infrared: general - accretion, accretion disks - Galaxy: center - Galaxy: nucleus

Simbad objects: 24

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Number of rows : 24

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 3C 273 BLL 12 29 06.6996828061 +02 03 08.598846466   13.05 14.830 14.11   ~ 5265 1
2 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6083 3
3 UGC 8782 LIN 13 52 17.765 +31 26 46.10   16.10 15.10     ~ 418 3
4 [GEO97] W5 * 17 45 39.9696 -29 00 27.843           O9/9.5V 27 0
5 GCIRS 7 * 17 45 39.987 -29 00 22.24           M2 338 0
6 [EG97] S13 * 17 45 40.029 -29 00 28.12           B4/9V 46 0
7 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3325 3
8 [EG97] S2 *i* 17 45 40.0442 -29 00 27.975           B0/2V 260 1
9 [CRG2004] 12 * 17 45 40.0455 -29 00 28.467           K-M 32 0
10 [GKM98] S0-27 * 17 45 40.04733 -29 00 27.6220           K-M 18 0
11 [EG97] S8 * 17 45 40.0716 -29 00 28.363           B0/2V 64 0
12 [EG97] S67 * 17 45 40.0727 -29 00 27.214           O-B 29 0
13 [EG97] S6 * 17 45 40.0786 -29 00 27.997           B:V 33 0
14 [EG97] S7 * 17 45 40.0812 -29 00 28.135           B:V 31 0
15 [SME2009] 20 * 17 45 40.0834 -29 00 28.520           K-M 22 0
16 GCIRS 16C WR* 17 45 40.12 -29 00 27.6           Ofpe/WN9 163 1
17 GCIRS 21 WR* 17 45 40.222 -29 00 30.85           WC9 93 0
18 GCIRS 16NE WR* 17 45 40.26 -29 00 27.2           Ofpe/WN9 137 0
19 [EG97] S26 * ~ ~           ~ 4 0
20 [EG97] S51 * ~ ~           ~ 3 0
21 [EG97] S98 * ~ ~           ~ 3 0
22 [EG97] S30 * ~ ~           ~ 8 0
23 [EG97] S100 * ~ ~           ~ 3 0
24 [EG97] S86 * ~ ~           ~ 2 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.01.27-08:08:48

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