2011A&A...532A..28W


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.04CEST14:24:36

2011A&A...532A..28W - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 532A, 28-28 (2011/8-1)

On the alignment between the circumstellar disks and orbital planes of Herbig Ae/Be binary systems.

WHEELWRIGHT H.E., VINK J.S., OUDMAIJER R.D. and DREW J.E.

Abstract (from CDS):

The majority of the intermediate mass, pre-main-sequence Herbig Ae/Be stars reside in binary systems. As these systems are young, their properties may contain an imprint of the star formation process at intermediate masses (2-15M). However, these systems are generally spatially unresolved, making it difficult to probe their circumstellar environment to search for manifestations of their formation process, such as accretion disks. Here we investigate the formation mechanism of Herbig Ae/Be (HAe/Be) binary systems by studying the relative orientation of their binary orbits and circumstellar disks. We present linear spectropolarimetric observations of HAe/Be stars over the Hα line, which are used to determine the orientation of their circumstellar disks. In conjunction with data from the literature, we obtain a sample of 20 binaries with known disk position angles (PAs). We subsequently compare our disk PA data to a model to investigate whether HAe/Be binary systems and their disks are co-planar. Moreover, in the light of a relatively recent suggestion that some HAe/Be star spectropolarimetric signatures may not necessarily be related to circumstellar disks, we re-assess the relationship between spectropolarimetric signatures and disk PAs. We do this by comparing spectropolarimetric and high spatial resolution observations of young stellar objects (both HAe/Be and T Tauri stars). We find that spectropolarimetric observations of pre-main-sequence stars do indeed trace circumstellar disks. This finding is significant above the 3σ level. In addition, our data are entirely consistent with the situation in which HAe/Be binary systems and circumstellar disks are co-planar, while random orientations can be rejected at the 2.2σ level. The conclusive alignment (at more than 3σ) between the disk PAs derived from linear spectropolarimetry and high spatial resolution observations indicates that linear spectropolarimetry traces disks. This in turn allows us to conclude that the orbital planes of HAe/Be binary systems and the disks around the primaries are likely to be co-planar, which is consistent with the notion that these systems form via monolithic collapse and subsequent disk fragmentation.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): techniques: polarimetric - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: formation - binaries: general - stars: pre-main sequence - stars: variables: T Tauri, Ae/Be Herbig

Simbad objects: 34

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Number of rows : 34

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 V* XY Per Ae* 03 49 36.3362509899 +38 58 55.551266650 12.12 10.14 9.58 9.54 8.40 A2II+B6 141 0
2 V* V892 Tau Ae* 04 18 40.6120892867 +28 19 15.641672501   16.6 14.69 14.35   A0Ve 266 0
3 V* RY Tau Or* 04 21 57.4132838427 +28 26 35.533990877 10.82 10.34 9.30 9.67 8.87 K1IV/Ve 648 1
4 V* DR Tau Or* 04 47 06.2152696011 +16 58 42.814250257 12.03 11.86 10.50 12.19   K5Ve 467 0
5 V* AB Aur Ae* 04 55 45.8459978418 +30 33 04.293281305 7.20 7.16 7.05 6.96 6.70 A0Ve 930 2
6 V* SU Aur Or* 04 55 59.3861369488 +30 34 01.499800471   10.33 9.30 9.17   G2IIIne 532 0
7 HD 31648 Ae* 04 58 46.2654165113 +29 50 36.990341242 7.84 7.78 7.62 7.76 7.43 A5Vep 394 0
8 V* GW Ori Or* 05 29 08.3925564419 +11 52 12.653756566   10.83 10.10 9.52   G5/8Ve 299 0
9 HD 36112 Ae* 05 30 27.5286772598 +25 19 57.082162439   8.57 8.27     A8Ve 358 0
10 V* HK Ori Ae* 05 31 28.0451235474 +12 09 10.149849783 11.82 12.06 11.10 11.02 10.56 A2?e+G0?e 175 1
11 V* T Ori Ae* 05 35 50.4483740019 -05 28 34.923375739 12.724 11.637 11.248 10.09 10.043 A3IVeb 228 0
12 V* CQ Tau Ae* 05 35 58.4671238887 +24 44 54.086375712 11.290 10.780 10.000   8.33 F5IVe 255 0
13 HD 37258 Ae* 05 36 59.2489032761 -06 09 16.317559872   9.72 9.61 9.56   A3Ve 114 0
14 V* BF Ori Ae* 05 37 13.2623698298 -06 35 00.565420577 10.37 10.00 9.69 10.06 9.31 A7III 270 0
15 V* V350 Ori Y*O 05 40 11.7641189614 -09 42 11.085315699 12.74 12.08 11.42 11.38 10.96 A7V 66 0
16 HD 37806 Be* 05 41 02.2930276072 -02 43 00.729083804 7.67 7.93 7.90     B9/9.5II/III 138 0
17 V* FU Ori Or* 05 45 22.3650208559 +09 04 12.296285806   10.72 9.60     F0Iab 708 1
18 HD 45677 Be* 06 28 17.4219761127 -13 03 11.130589443 7.86 8.52 8.50 8.11 8.01 B2IV/V[e] 303 0
19 HD 259431 Ae* 06 33 05.1905483916 +10 19 19.987469692 8.39 8.95 8.72     B6ep 261 1
20 V* R Mon Ae* 06 39 09.9538710861 +08 44 09.559404231 10.76 12.46 11.85 10.96 10.25 B8IIIe 501 0
21 HD 50138 Ae* 06 51 33.3989891154 -06 57 59.445949919 6.28 6.68 6.67     A1Ib/II 198 0
22 HD 52721 Ae* 07 01 49.50977 -11 18 03.3219 5.88 6.65 6.59 7.52   B2Vne 201 0
23 HD 53367 Ae* 07 04 25.5189757244 -10 27 15.613478141 6.81 7.40 6.96 7.92   B0IV/Ve 303 0
24 HD 58647 Em* 07 25 56.0988044433 -14 10 43.548997982 6.81 6.92 6.85 6.73 6.73 B9IV 73 0
25 HD 86858 * 10 00 59.3013621878 -14 09 28.314411989   9.68 8.26     K2III 3 0
26 HD 101412 Be* 11 39 44.4562795603 -60 10 27.717502041   9.465 9.288     A3VaekA0mA0_lB 115 0
27 V* V856 Sco Ae* 16 08 34.2868591379 -39 06 18.326059778 7.66 7.41 7.05 6.92   A7IIIne_sh 351 0
28 EM* MWC 297 Ae* 18 27 39.5266257570 -03 49 52.136526892 15.57 14.34 12.31 11.34   B1.5Ve 266 0
29 HD 179218 Ae* 19 11 11.2540715594 +15 47 15.632212730 7.55 7.476 7.39 7.25 7.21 A0Ve 220 0
30 BD+40 4124 Ae* 20 20 28.2415737117 +41 21 51.527810947 11.11 11.36 10.62 10.510   B2Ve 275 1
31 HD 200775 Ae* 21 01 36.9184805541 +68 09 47.770037306 7.34 7.754 7.427 8.13   B2Ve 508 0
32 BD+46 3471 Ae* 21 52 34.0992388111 +47 13 43.600551484 10.72 10.56 10.15     A0.5IIIer 195 1
33 HD 216629 Ae* 22 53 15.6043627656 +62 08 45.000152794 9.83 9.93 9.36 9.31   B3IVe+A3 126 0
34 EM* MWC 1080 Ae* 23 17 25.5890248379 +60 50 43.452566559   13.24 11.542     B0eq 307 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.04-14:24:37

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