2011A&A...532A.130A


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.08.25CEST05:35:30

2011A&A...532A.130A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 532A, 130-130 (2011/8-1)

The spectrum of (136199) Eris between 350 and 2350 nm: results with X-shooter.

ALVAREZ-CANDAL A., PINILLA-ALONSO N., LICANDRO J., COOK J., MASON E., ROUSH T., CRUIKSHANK D., GOURGEOT F., DOTTO E. and PERNA D.

Abstract (from CDS):

X-Shooter is the first second-generation instrument for the ESO-Very Large Telescope. It is a spectrograph covering the entire 300-2480nm spectral range at once with a high resolving power. These properties enticed us to observe the well-known trans-Neptunian object (136199) Eris during the science verification of the instrument. The target has numerous absorption features in the optical and near-infrared domain that have been observed by different authors, showing differences in these features' positions and strengths. Besides testing the capabilities of X-Shooter to observe minor bodies, we attempt to constrain the existence of super-volatiles, e.g., CH4, CO and N2, and in particular we try to understand the physical-chemical state of the ices on Eris' surface. We observed Eris in the 300-2480nm range and compared the newly obtained spectra with those available in the literature. We identified several absorption features, measured their positions and depth, and compare them with those of the reflectance of pure methane ice obtained from the optical constants of this ice at 30K to study shifts in these features' positions and find a possible explanation for their origin. We identify several absorption bands in the spectrum that are all consistent with the presence of CH4 ice. We do not identify bands related to N2 or CO. We measured the central wavelengths of the bands and compared to those measured in the spectrum of pure CH4 at 30K finding variable spectral shifts. Based on these wavelength shifts, we confirm the presence of a dilution of CH4 in other ice on the surface of Eris and the presence of pure CH4 that is spatially segregated. The comparison of the centers and shapes of these bands with previous works suggests that the surface is heterogeneous. The absence of the 2160nm band of N2 can be explained if the surface temperature is below 35.6K, the transition temperature between the alpha and beta phases of this ice. Our results, including the reanalysis of data published elsewhere, point to a heterogeneous surface on Eris.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Kuiper belt objects: individual: glutag{Viz.MP 136199|(136199) Eris} - instrumentation: spectrographs - techniques: spectroscopic

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
#notes
1 HD 11532 PM* 01 53 18.3712379665 +00 22 23.275219132   10.36 9.71     G8III/IV 46 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.08.25CEST05:35:30

Available data : Basic data  •  Identifiers  •  Plot & images  •  Bibliography  •  Measurements  •  External archives  •  Notes  •  Annotations


Basic data :
HD 11532 -- High proper-motion Star
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
* (HD,AC2000,...), PM* (Ref), IR (2MASS)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
01 53 18.3712379665 +00 22 23.275219132 (Optical) [ 0.0380 0.0276 90 ] A 2018yCat.1345....0G
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
01 50 44.1990521420 +00 07 39.684312331 [ 0.0380 0.0276 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : coordinates error major axis, minor axis (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
153.8507067824123 -58.7341670481560 [ 0.0380 0.0276 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
84.275 -26.825 [0.084 0.061 90] A 2018yCat.1345....0G
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) -21.05 [0.54] / z(spectroscopic) -0.000070 [0.000002] / cz -21.05 [0.54]
   (Opt) A 2018yCat.1345....0G
Syntax of parallax is : 'value quality [error] bibcode'
  • value : parallax value
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • [error] : mean error
  • bibcode : bibcode of the parallax reference
Parallaxes (mas):
6.7859 [0.0395] A 2018yCat.1345....0G
Spectral type is made of 3 parts: %coding is composed of 4 parts :
  • the spectral type, which is made of a temperature class, eventually a luminosity class (roman number) and/or spectral peculiarities;
  • a quality letter: A=best quality→E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality %
  • a quality letter: A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality
  • bibcode : bibcode of the spectral type reference
Spectral type:
G8III/IV D 1999MSS...C05....0H
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (6) :
B 10.36 [~] E ~
V 9.71 [~] E ~
G 9.5784 [0.0004] C 2018yCat.1345....0G
J 8.579 [0.024] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
H 8.270 [0.051] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
K 8.172 [0.027] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
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Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (20) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

HD 11532 GEN# +1.01153220 PPM 145086 USNO-A2.0 0900-00442778
AC2000 8677 GSC 00030-00244 SAO 110201 YZ 0 375
AG+00 165 HIC 8815 SA 93-101 [GTJ2000] 2-2
BD-00 288p HIP 8815 TYC 30-244-1 Gaia DR2 2510773048710876416
CSI-00 288 2 2MASS J01531837+0022232 UBV M 8481 Gaia DR1 2510773044415404288

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References (46 between 1850 and 2019) (Total 46)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


distance : 1    velocities : 1    PM : 3    PLX : 4    MK : 1   

   


External archives :

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

HD 11532 AC2000 8677 AG+00 165 BD-00 288p GSC 00030-00244
HIC 8815 HIP 8815 2MASS J01531837+0022232 PPM 145086 SAO 110201
TYC 30-244-1 USNO-A2.0 0900-00442778 Gaia DR2 2510773048710876416 Gaia DR1 2510773044415404288

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2019.08.25-05:35:30

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