Query : 2011A&A...534A..99G

2011A&A...534A..99G - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 534A, 99-99 (2011/10-1)

The nature of the embedded intermediate-mass T Tauri star DK Chamaeleontis.


Abstract (from CDS):

Most of our knowledge about star formation is based on studies of low-mass stars, whereas very little is known about the properties of the circumstellar material around young and embedded intermediate-mass T Tauri stars (IMTTSs) mostly because they are rare, typically more distant than their lower mass counterparts, and their nearby circumstellar surroundings are usually hidden from us. We present an analysis of the excitation and accretion properties of the young IMTTS DK Cha. The nearly face-on configuration of this source allows us to have direct access to the star-disk system through the excavated envelope and outflow cavity. Based on low-resolution optical and infrared spectroscopy obtained with SofI and EFOSC2 on the NTT we derive the spectrum of DK Cha from ∼0.6µm to ∼2.5µm. From the detected lines we probe the conditions of the gas that emits the HI IR emission lines and obtain insights into the origin of the other permitted emission lines. In addition, we derive the mass accretion rate ({dot}(M)acc) from the relationships that connect the luminosity of the Brγ and Paβ lines with the accretion luminosity (Lacc). The observed optical/IR spectrum is extremely rich in forbidden and permitted atomic and molecular emission lines, which makes this source similar to very active low-mass T Tauri stars. Some of the permitted emission lines are identified as being excited by fluorescence. We derive Brackett decrements and compare them with different excitation mechanisms. The Paβ/Brγ ratio is consistent with optically thick emission in LTE at a temperature of ∼3500K, originated from a compact region of ∼5R in size: but the line opacity decreases in the Br lines for high quantum numbers nup. A good fit to the data is obtained assuming an expanding gas in LTE, with an electron density at the wind base of ∼1013cm–3. In addition, we find that the observed Brackett ratios are very similar to those reported in previous studies of low-mass CTTSs and Class I sources, indicating that these ratios are not dependent on masses and ages. Finally, Lacc∼9L and {dot}(M)acc∼3x10–7M/yr values were found. When comparing the derived {dot}(M)acc value with that found in Class I and IMTTSs of roughly the same mass, we found that {dot}(M)acc in DK Cha is lower than that found in Class I sources but higher than that found in IMTTSs. This agrees with DK Cha being in an evolutionary transition phase between a Class I and II source.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - infrared: ISM - stars: formation - stars: pre-main sequence - ISM: individual objects: DK Cha - ISM: individual objects: IRAS 12496-7650

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 NAME Taurus Complex SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 4429 0
2 NAME Orion Bright Bar reg 05 35 22.30 -05 24 33.0           ~ 878 0
3 LDN 1641 MoC 05 39.0 -07 00           ~ 479 0
4 V* R Mon Ae* 06 39 09.9542000448 +08 44 09.539482632 10.76 12.46 11.85 10.96 10.25 B8IIIe 515 0
5 NAME Cha 1 MoC 11 06 48 -77 18.0           ~ 1154 1
6 V* DK Cha TT* 12 53 17.2111480272 -77 07 10.736046012           F0e 142 0
7 NAME Cha II MoC 12 54 -77.2           ~ 337 0
8 V* V710 CrA Or* 19 01 50.67792 -36 58 09.6132           K7: 125 0
9 EM* MWC 349 ** 20 32 45.499080 +40 39 36.74124   15.88 13.15 12.13   Bep 802 0

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