2012A&A...539A..69B


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.12.06CET20:03:49

2012A&A...539A..69B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 539A, 69-69 (2012/3-1)

Clouds and red giants interacting with the base of AGN jets.

BOSCH-RAMON V., PERUCHO M. and BARKOV M.V.

Abstract (from CDS):

Extragalactic jets are formed close to supermassive black-holes in the center of galaxies. Large amounts of gas, dust, and stars cluster in the galaxy nucleus, and interactions between this ambient material and the jet base should be frequent, having dynamical as well as radiative consequences. This work studies the dynamical interaction of an obstacle, a clump of matter or the atmosphere of an evolved star, with the innermost region of an extragalactic jet. Jet mass-loading and the high-energy outcome of this interaction are briefly discussed. Relativistic hydrodynamical simulations with axial symmetry have been carried out for homogeneous and inhomogeneous obstacles inside a relativistic jet. These obstacles may represent a medium inhomogeneity or the disrupted atmosphere of a red giant star. Once inside the jet, an homogeneous obstacle expands and gets disrupted after few dynamical timescales, whereas in the inhomogeneous case, a solid core can smoothen the process, with the obstacle mass-loss dominated by a dense and narrow tail pointing in the direction of the jet. In either case, matter is expected to accelerate and eventually get incorporated to the jet. Particles can be accelerated in the interaction region, and produce variable gamma-rays in the ambient matter, magnetic and photon fields. The presence of matter clumps or red giants into the base of an extragalactic jet likely implies significant jet mass-loading and slowing down. Fast flare-like gamma-ray events, and some level of persistent emission, are expected due to these interactions.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: AGB and post-AGB - galaxies: jets - gamma rays: galaxies

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6045 3

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.12.06CET20:03:49

Available data : Basic data  •  Identifiers  •  Plot & images  •  Bibliography  •  Measurements  •  External archives  •  Notes  •  Annotations


Basic data :
M 87 -- Brightest galaxy in a Cluster (BCG)
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
BiC (), LIN (), Rad (BWE,3C,...), G (Ref,APG,...), X (1A,2A,...), gam (1FGL,2FGL,...), AGN (Ref,[VV2000c],...), GiC (ACSVCS,GIN,...), UV (2EUVE,EUVE,...), IR (IRAS,[DML87]), * (Gaia), GiG ([CHM2007]), rG (Ref), QSO (QSO), FIR (Ref)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 (Radio) [ 0.0413 0.0430 90 ] A 2015AJ....150...58F
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
12 28 17.60170666 +12 40 01.3409630 [ 0.0413 0.0430 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
283.77773946036 +74.49115622959 [ 0.0413 0.0430 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
-8.029 10.734 [1.178 0.932 90] A 2018A&A...616A...1G
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 1256 [36] / z(spectroscopic) 0.00420 [0.00012] / cz 1259.1 [36.0]
   (Opt) C 2009yCat.2294....0A
Syntax of morphological type is : mtype quality bibcode
  • mtype : Hubble morphological class (spirals, ellipticals, etc)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the morphological type reference
Morphological type:
E-E/S0 C 2014A&A...569A.124V
Syntax of angular size is : "maj-axis min-axis angle (wtype) quality bibcode"
  • maj-axis : major axis size (arc minutes)
  • min-axis : minor axis size (arc minutes)
  • angle : orientation angle (in degrees)
  • (incl) : inclination (in units of 15° from 0 to 7)
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the angular size (Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • quality : flag of quality of the angular size values ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the angular size reference
Angular size (arcmin):
9.12 7.94 ~ (Opt) D 2003A&A...412...45P
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (13) :
U 10.16 [0.04] D 2007ApJS..173..185G
B 9.59 [0.04] D 2007ApJS..173..185G
V 8.63 [0.04] D 2007ApJS..173..185G
I 7.49 [~] D 2012A&A...538A..69L
G 15.7940 [0.0117] C 2018A&A...616A...1G
J 6.719 [0.017] C 2006AJ....131.1163S
H 6.074 [0.018] C 2006AJ....131.1163S
K 5.812 [0.019] C 2006AJ....131.1163S
u (AB) 13.480 [0.003] C 2009yCat.2294....0A
g (AB) 11.563 [0.002] C 2009yCat.2294....0A
r (AB) 10.703 [0.002] C 2009yCat.2294....0A
i (AB) 10.272 [0.002] C 2009yCat.2294....0A
z (AB) 9.917 [0.002] C 2009yCat.2294....0A
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Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


Hierarchy : number of linked objects
whatever the membership probability is (see description here ) :

: 8
The count displayed here is the number of children objects.
The list obtained by clicking the button may be larger, as some children may be linked with different references or probability.

%This number is the number of distinct objets linked, by using this button, you will obtain all links (may be more than one) from that object to his children

: 2572
: 5035 Display criteria :

The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (113) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

M 87 GB6 J1230+1223 NVSS B122817+124004 XSS J12309+1223
1A 1228+12 GB6 B1228+1240 NVSS J123049+122323 X Vir X-1
2A 1228+125 87GB 122819.0+124029 NVSS J123049+122321 X Vir XR-1
3A 1228+125 GIN 800 PCCS1 857 G283.74+74.48 Z 70-139
ACSVCS 2 1H 1226+128 PCCS1 545 G283.76+74.47 Z 1228.3+1240
APG 152 H 1228+127 PKS J1230+1223 [BEC2010] HRS 183
BWE 1228+1240 H 1227+12 PKS 1228+12 [CAB95] IRAS F12282+1240
3C 274.0 ICRF J123049.4+122328 PKS 1228+126 [CHM2007] HDC 720 J123049.42+1223279
3C 274 IERS B1228+126 PKS 1228+127 [CHM2007] LDC 904 J123049.42+1223279
4C 12.45 IGR J12310+1221 QSO B1228+126 [DC78] UGC 7654
3CR 274 IRAS F12282+1240 RGB J1230+123 [DGW65] 57
CTA 54 IRAS 12282+1240 RORF 1228+126 [DLB87] V12
Cul 1228+126 1Jy 1228+12 RX J1230.8+1223 [DML87] 747
Cul 1228+12 1Jy 1228+126 RX J1230.1+1223 [DSB94] 254
DA 325 LEDA 41361 SDSS J123049.41+122328.1 [FWB89] Galaxy 270
DB 85 1M 1228+127 SDSS J123047.55+122318.0 [GW2008] CoNFIG 139
2E 2744 2MASX J12304942+1223279 SIM 1228+06.0 [PT56] 24
2E 1228.2+1240 MCG+02-32-105 TeV J1230+123 [TH2002] 1
1ES 1228+12.6 Mills 12+1A 2U 1228+12 [VDD93] 163
2EUVE J1230+12.3 MRC 1228+126 3U 1228+12 [VV2000c] J123049.5+122328
EUVE J1230+12.3 NAME M 87* 4U 1228+12 [VV2003c] J123049.5+122328
EVCC 786 NAME SMOKING GUN UGC 7654 [VV2006c] J123049.5+122328
1FGL J1230.8+1223 NAME Vir A UZC J123049.3+122327 [VV2010c] J123049.5+122328
2FGL J1230.8+1224 NAME Virgo A VCC 1316 [VV98c] J123049.5+122328
3FGL J1230.9+1224 NAME Virgo Galaxy VER J1230+123 [WCO2009] J123049+122256
1FHL J1230.8+1224 NEWPS5 J1230+1223 VPC 771 Gaia DR2 3907709439453756032
2FHL J1230.8+1225 NGC 4486 VSOP J1230+1223
3FHL J1230.8+1223 NRAO 401 WMAP J1230+1223
GALEX J123049.4+122328 NRL 8 WMAP 165

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References (6045 between 1850 and 2020) (Total 6045)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


distance : 8    velocities : 21    PM : 1   

   

Observing logs


ISO : 9    XMM : 2    herschel : 5    IUE : 9   

   


External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : M 87

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

APG 152 BWE 1228+1240 3C 274.0 3C 274 4C 12.45
3CR 274 2E 2744 EUVE J1230+12.3 IERS B1228+126 IRAS F12282+1240
IRAS 12282+1240 2MASX J12304942+1223279 NGC 4486 NVSS B122817+124004 NVSS J123049+122323
NVSS J123049+122321 PKS J1230+1223 PKS 1228+12 PKS 1228+126 PKS 1228+127
SDSS J123049.41+122328.1 SDSS J123047.55+122318.0 UGC 7654 VSOP J1230+1223 [DML87] 747
Gaia DR2 3907709439453756032

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2019.12.06-20:03:49

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