2012ApJS..203...27R


Query : 2012ApJS..203...27R

2012ApJS..203...27R - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 203, 27 (2012/December-0)

New Hubble Space Telescope observations of heavy elements in four metal-poor stars.

ROEDERER I.U., LAWLER J.E., SOBECK J.S., BEERS T.C., COWAN J.J., FREBEL A., IVANS I.I., SCHATZ H., SNEDEN C. and THOMPSON I.B.

Abstract (from CDS):

Elements heavier than the iron group are found in nearly all halo stars. A substantial number of these elements, key to understanding neutron-capture nucleosynthesis mechanisms, can only be detected in the near-ultraviolet. We report the results of an observing campaign using the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on board the Hubble Space Telescope to study the detailed heavy-element abundance patterns in four metal-poor stars. We derive abundances or upper limits from 27 absorption lines of 15 elements produced by neutron-capture reactions, including seven elements (germanium, cadmium, tellurium, lutetium, osmium, platinum, and gold) that can only be detected in the near-ultraviolet. We also examine 202 heavy-element absorption lines in ground-based optical spectra obtained with the Magellan Inamori Kyocera Echelle Spectrograph on the Magellan-Clay Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory and the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer on the Keck I Telescope on Mauna Kea. We have detected up to 34 elements heavier than zinc. The bulk of the heavy elements in these four stars are produced by r-process nucleosynthesis. These observations affirm earlier results suggesting that the tellurium found in metal-poor halo stars with moderate amounts of r-process material scales with the rare earth and third r-process peak elements. Cadmium often follows the abundances of the neighboring elements palladium and silver. We identify several sources of systematic uncertainty that must be considered when comparing these abundances with theoretical predictions. We also present new isotope shift and hyperfine structure component patterns for Lu II and Pb I lines of astrophysical interest.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances - stars: abundances - stars: individual (HD 108317, HD 122563, HD 126238, HD 128279) - stars: Population II

Simbad objects: 8

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Number of rows : 8
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 HD 108317 Pe* 12 26 36.8319587208 +05 18 09.023783400       7.7   G2IVm-5 166 0
2 HD 122563 Pe* 14 02 31.8455084952 +09 41 09.944391876 7.47 7.10 6.19 5.37 4.79 G8:III:Fe-5 854 0
3 * alf Boo RG* 14 15 39.67207 +19 10 56.6730 2.46 1.18 -0.05 -1.03 -1.68 K1.5IIIFe-0.5 2318 1
4 HD 126238 Pe* 14 25 29.9571431040 -43 38 36.948515460   8.44 7.7 7.44   G3/8wF0/2 111 0
5 HD 128279 Pe* 14 36 48.5108525999 -29 06 46.612858494 8.64 8.63 8.00     Gw 194 0
6 BD+17 3248 HB* 17 28 14.4690179544 +17 30 35.847574776   10.02 9.34     KIIvw 224 0
7 HD 160617 Pe* 17 42 49.3234249010 -40 19 15.503834657   9.18 8.7 8.394 8.065 G0 204 0
8 BPS CS 22892-0052 Pe* 22 17 01.6558764360 -16 39 27.051026544   14.03 13.20 13.06 12.19 KIIvw 448 0

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