2013A&A...549A.120H


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.02.24CET23:02:25

2013A&A...549A.120H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 549A, 120-120 (2013/1-1)

Supersoft X-rays reveal a classical nova in the M 31 globular cluster Bol 126.

HENZE M., PIETSCH W., HABERL F., DELLA VALLE M., RIFFESER A., SALA G., HATZIDIMITRIOU D., HOFMANN F., HARTMANN D.H., KOPPENHOEFER J., SEITZ S., WILLIAMS G.G., HORNOCH K., ITAGAKI K., KABASHIMA F., NISHIYAMA K., XING G., LEE C.H., MAGNIER E. and CHAMBERS K.

Abstract (from CDS):

Classical novae (CNe) represent the main class of supersoft X-ray sources (SSSs) in the central region of our neighbouring galaxy M31. Only three confirmed novae and three SSSs have been discovered in globular clusters (GCs) of any galaxy so far, of which one nova and two SSSs (including the nova) were found in M31 GCs. To study the SSS state of CNe we carried out a high-cadence X-ray monitoring of the M31 central area with XMM-Newton and Chandra. This project is supplemented by regular optical monitoring programmes at various observatories. We analysed X-ray and optical monitoring data of a new transient X-ray source in the M31 GC Bol 126, discovered serendipitously in Swift observations. Our optical data set was based on regular M31 monitoring programmes from five different small telescopes and was reduced using a homogeneous method. Additionally, we made use of Pan-STARRS 1 data obtained during the PAndromeda survey. We extracted light curves of the source in the optical and X-rays, as well as X-ray spectra. Our observations reveal that the X-ray source in Bol 126 is the third SSS in an M31 GC and can be confirmed as the second CN in the M31 GC system. This nova is named M31N 2010-10f. Its properties in the X-ray (high black-body temperature, short SSS phase) and optical (relatively high maximum magnitude, fast decline) regimes agree with a massive white dwarf (MWD>1.3M) in the binary system. Incorporating the data on previously found (suspected) novae in M31 GCs we used our high-cadence X-ray monitoring observations to estimate a tentative nova rate in the M31 GC system of 0.05/yr/GC. An optical estimate, based on the recent 10.5-year WeCAPP survey, gives a lower nova rate, which is compatible with the X-ray rate on the 95% confidence level. Although still based on small-number statistics, there is growing evidence that the nova rate in GCs is higher than expected from primordial binary formation and under conditions as in the field. Dynamical binary formation and/or additional accretion from the intracluster medium are possible scenarios for an increased nova rate, but observational confirmation for this enhancement has been absent, so far. Regular X-ray monitoring observations of M31 provide a promising strategy to find these novae.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: M 31 - novae, cataclysmic variables - X-rays: binaries - stars: individual: M31N 2010-10f - globular clusters: individual: Bol 126

Simbad objects: 16

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Number of rows : 16

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 Bol 111 GlC 00 42 33.17 +41 00 26.4 17.739 17.549 16.761 16.263 15.753 ~ 48 0
2 2MASS J00423317+4100263 No* 00 42 33.171 +41 00 26.34           ~ 22 0
3 [JSD2015] AP 1268 GlC 00 42 43.6895631156 +41 12 42.772488757 18.059 17.924 17.149 16.662 16.23 ~ 57 0
4 M31N 2010-10f No* 00 42 43.71 +41 12 43.0           ~ 7 0
5 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11199 1
6 [HPH2013] 248 No* 00 42 57.74 +41 08 12.1   17.25 17.30     ~ 33 0
7 Bol 194 GlC 00 43 45.1877516879 +41 06 08.576858090 18.038 17.910 17.132 16.647 16.238 ~ 41 0
8 [HPH2009b] SS2 X 00 43 45.29 +41 06 10.0           ~ 5 0
9 Bol 383 GlC 00 46 11.95 +41 19 41.6 17.230 16.166 15.332 14.873 14.430 ~ 39 0
10 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6347 3
11 RX J1342.1+2822 CV* 13 42 09.75 +28 22 47.5           Ss 36 1
12 M 3 GlC 13 42 11.62 +28 22 38.2     6.39     ~ 2296 0
13 NOVA Sco 1860 No* 16 16 59.769 -22 59 44.60       16.27   ~ 64 0
14 M 80 GlC 16 17 02.41 -22 58 33.9           ~ 636 0
15 M 14 GlC 17 37 36.15 -03 14 45.3   9.55 5.73     ~ 324 0
16 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 7178 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.02.24-23:02:25

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