2013A&A...551A..26H


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.05.30CEST23:42:19

2013A&A...551A..26H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 551A, 26-26 (2013/3-1)

Search for very-high-energy γ-ray emission from Galactic globular clusters with H.E.S.S.

H.E.S.S. COLLABORATION, ABRAMOWSKI A., ACERO F., AHARONIAN F., AKHPERJANIAN A.G., ANTON G., BALENDERAN S., BALZER A., BARNACKA A., BECHERINI Y., BECKER TJUS J., BERNLOEHR K., BIRSIN E., BITEAU J., BOCHOW A., BOISSON C., BOLMONT J., BORDAS P., BRUCKER J., BRUN F., BRUN P., BULIK T., CARRIGAN S., CASANOVA S., CERRUTI M., CHADWICK P.M., CHAVES R.C.G., CHEESEBROUGH A., COLAFRANCESCO S., COLOGNA G., CONRAD J., COUTURIER C., DALTON M., DANIEL M.K., DAVIDS I.D., DEGRANGE B., DEIL C., DEWILT P., DICKINSON H.J., DJANNATI-ATAIE A., DOMAINKO W., DRURY L.O'C., DUBUS G., DUTSON K., DYKS J., DYRDA M., EGBERTS K., EGER P., ESPIGAT P., FALLON L., FARNIER C., FEGAN S., FEINSTEIN F., FERNANDES M.V., FERNANDEZ D., FIASSON A., FONTAINE G., FOERSTER A., FUESSLING M., GAJDUS M., GALLANT Y.A., GARRIGOUX T., GAST H., GIEBELS B., GLICENSTEIN J.F., GLUECK B., GOERING D., GRONDIN M.-H., GRUDZINSKA M., HAEFFNER S., HAGUE J.D., HAHN J., HAMPF D., HARRIS J., HEINZ S., HEINZELMANN G., HENRI G., HERMANN G., HILLERT A., HINTON J.A., HOFMANN W., HOFVERBERG P., HOLLER M., HORNS D., JACHOLKOWSKA A., JAHN C., JAMROZY M., JUNG I., KASTENDIECK M.A., KATARZYNSKI K., KATZ U., KAUFMANN S., KHELIFI B., KLEPSER S., KLOCHKOV D., KLUZNIAK W., KNEISKE T., KOLITZUS D., KOMIN NU., KOSACK K., KOSSAKOWSKI R., KRAYZEL F., KRUEGER P.P., LAFFON H., LAMANNA G., LEFAUCHEUR J., LEMOINE-GOUMARD M., LENAIN J.-P., LENNARZ D., LOHSE T., LOPATIN A., LU C.-C., MARANDON V., MARCOWITH A., MASBOU J., MAURIN G., MAXTED N., MAYER M., McCOMB T.J.L., MEDINA M.C., MEHAULT J., MENZLER U., MODERSKI R., MOHAMED M., MOULIN E., NAUMANN C.L., NAUMANN-GODO M., DE NAUROIS M., NEDBAL D., NGUYEN N., NIEMIEC J., NOLAN S.J., OHM S., DE ONA WILHELMI E., OPITZ B., OSTROWSKI M., OYA I., PANTER M., PARSONS R.D., PAZ ARRIBAS M., PEKEUR N.W., PELLETIER G., PEREZ J., PETRUCCI P.-O., PEYAUD B., PITA S., PUEHLHOFER G., PUNCH M., QUIRRENBACH A., RAAB S., RAUE M., REIMER A., REIMER O., RENAUD M., DE LOS REYES R., RIEGER F., RIPKEN J., ROB L., ROSIER-LEES S., ROWELL G., RUDAK B., RULTEN C.B., SAHAKIAN V., SANCHEZ D.A., SANTANGELO A., SCHLICKEISER R., SCHULZ A., SCHWANKE U., SCHWARZBURG S., SCHWEMMER S., SHEIDAEI F., SKILTON J.L., SOL H., SPENGLER G., STAWARZ L., STEENKAMP R., STEGMANN C., STINZING F., STYCZ K., SUSHCH I., SZOSTEK A., TAVERNET J.-P., TERRIER R., TLUCZYKONT M., TRICHARD C., VALERIUS K., VAN ELDIK C., VASILEIADIS G., VENTER C., VIANA A., VINCENT P., VOELK H.J., VOLPE F., VOROBIOV S., VORSTER M., WAGNER S.J., WARD M., WHITE R., WIERZCHOLSKA A., WOUTERS D., ZACHARIAS M., ZAJCZYK A., ZDZIARSKI A.A., ZECH A. and ZECHLIN H.-S.

Abstract (from CDS):

Globular clusters (GCs) are established emitters of high-energy (HE, 100MeV<E<100GeV) γ-ray radiation which could originate from the cumulative emission of the numerous millisecond pulsars (msPSRs) in the clusters' cores or from inverse Compton (IC) scattering of relativistic leptons accelerated in the GC environment. These stellar clusters could also constitute a new class of sources in the very-high-energy (VHE, E>100GeV) γ-ray regime, judging from the recent detection of a signal from the direction of Terzan5 with the H.E.S.S. telescope array. To search for VHE γ-ray sources associated with other GCs, and to put constraints on leptonic emission models, we systematically analyzed the observations towards 15 GCs taken with the H.E.S.S. array of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. We searched for point-like and extended VHE γ-ray emission from each GC in our sample and also performed a stacking analysis combining the data from all GCs to investigate the hypothesis of a population of faint emitters. Assuming IC emission as the origin of the VHE γ-ray signal from the direction of Terzan5, we calculated the expected γ-ray flux from each of the 15 GCs, based on their number of millisecond pulsars, their optical brightness and the energy density of background photon fields. We did not detect significant VHE γ-ray emission from any of the 15 GCs in either of the two analyses. Given the uncertainties related to the parameter determinations, the obtained flux upper limits allow to rule out the simple IC/msPSR scaling model for NGC6388 and NGC7078. The upper limits derived from the stacking analyses are factors between 2 and 50 below the flux predicted by the simple leptonic scaling model, depending on the assumed source extent and the dominant target photon fields. Therefore, Terzan5 still remains exceptional among all GCs, as the VHE γ-ray emission either arises from extra-ordinarily efficient leptonic processes, or from a recent catastrophic event, or is even unrelated to the GC itself.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): globular clusters: general - radiation mechanisms: non-thermal - pulsars: general - gamma rays: general

Status at CDS:  

Simbad objects: 18

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Number of rows : 18

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 104 GlC 00 24 05.359 -72 04 53.20   5.78 4.09     ~ 3534 0
2 NGC 288 GlC 00 52 45.24 -26 34 57.4   10 8.13     ~ 912 0
3 NGC 362 GlC 01 03 14.26 -70 50 55.6     6.58     ~ 931 0
4 NGC 6144 GlC 16 27 13.86 -26 01 24.6   10.55 9.63     ~ 199 0
5 NGC 6256 GlC 16 59 32.68 -37 07 17.1           ~ 112 0
6 ESO 455-11 GlC 17 31 05.20 -29 58 54.0           ~ 129 0
7 NGC 6388 GlC 17 36 17.461 -44 44 08.34   7.40       ~ 798 1
8 ESO 520-21 GlC 17 43 42.20 -26 13 21.0           ~ 139 0
9 HESS J1747-248 gam 17 47 49.0 -24 48 30           ~ 6 0
10 Cl Terzan 5 Cl* 17 48 05.00 -24 46 48.0           ~ 689 1
11 ESO 455-49 GlC 17 50 46.40 -31 16 31.0           ~ 152 0
12 GCl 80.1 GlC 18 01 38.80 -26 50 23.0           ~ 85 0
13 ESO 456-38 GlC 18 01 49.10 -27 49 33.0           ~ 55 0
14 ESO 521-16 GlC 18 02 57.40 -26 04 00.0           ~ 70 0
15 NGC 6624 GlC 18 23 40.51 -30 21 39.7           ~ 773 1
16 M 54 GlC 18 55 03.33 -30 28 47.5           ~ 888 0
17 NGC 6749 GlC 19 05 15.36 +01 54 00.0     12.4     ~ 127 0
18 M 15 GlC 21 29 58.33 +12 10 01.2   3       ~ 2895 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.05.30-23:42:19

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