2013A&A...551A.106S


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.03.30CEST00:46:51

2013A&A...551A.106S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 551A, 106-106 (2013/3-1)

X-shooter spectroscopy of FU Tauri A.

STELZER B., ALCALA J.M., SCHOLZ A., NATTA A., RANDICH S. and COVINO E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We have analyzed a broad-band optical and near-infrared spectrum of FU Tau A, which is a presumed young brown dwarf in the Taurus star forming region that has intrigued both theorists and observers by its overluminosity in the Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram with respect to standard pre-main sequence evolutionary models. FU Tau A is brighter than any other Taurus member of the same or similar spectral type, and various phenomena (accretion, activity, binarity) have been put forth as possible explanations. The new data, obtained with the X-shooter spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope, include an unprecedented wealth of information on stellar parameters and simultaneously observed accretion and outflow indicators for FU Tau A. We present the first measurements of gravity (logg=3.5±0.5), radial velocity (RV=22.5±2.9km/s), rotational velocity (vsini=20±5km/s), and lithium equivalent width (EWLi=430±20mÅ) for FUTauA. From the rotational velocity and the published period we infer a disk inclination of i>50°. The lithium content is much lower than theoretically expected for such a young very low-mass object, adding another puzzling feature to this object's properties. We determine the mass accretion rate of FUTauA from comparison of the luminosities of 20 emission lines to empirical calibrations from the literature and find a mean of log{dot}(M)acc[M/yr]=-9.9 with standard deviation σ=0.2. The accretion rate determined independently from modeling of the excess emission in the Balmer and Paschen continua is consistent with this value. The corresponding accretion luminosity is too low to make a significant contribution to the bolometric luminosity. Strong magnetic activity affecting the stellar parameters or binarity of FU Tau A, both combined with extreme youth, may be responsible for its position in the HR diagram. The existence of an outflow in FU Tau A is demonstrated through the first detection of forbidden emission lines from which we obtain an estimate for the mass loss rate, log{dot}(M)out[M/yr]←10.4. The mass outflow and inflow rates can be combined to yield {dot}(M)out/{dot}(M)acc∼0.3, a value that is in agreement with jet-launching models.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): brown dwarfs - stars: pre-main sequence - accretion, accretion disks - stars: individual: FU Tau A

Status at CDS:  

Simbad objects: 14

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Number of rows : 14

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 V* FU Tau TT* 04 23 35.3912144972 +25 03 02.741853087           M7.25 54 1
2 V* FU Tau B BD* 04 23 35.73792 +25 02 59.6328       22.16 19.11 L0.3 23 0
3 Barnard 215 DNe 04 23.6 +25 02           ~ 15 0
4 V* FT Tau TT* 04 23 39.193 +24 56 14.11       14.37   M2.8 106 0
5 * 72 Tau ** 04 27 17.4514190451 +22 59 46.785871274   5.411 5.514     B7V 90 0
6 [BLH2002] KPNO-Tau 5 BD* 04 29 45.6733565875 +26 30 46.559502443     19.690 19.10 15.08 M7.5Ve 46 0
7 NAME Taurus Dark Cloud SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 3393 0
8 Cl Collinder 69 OpC 05 35 06 +09 56.0     2.8     ~ 222 0
9 * sig Ori Y*O 05 38 44.7665260139 -02 36 00.284709290 2.54 3.58 3.79 3.87 4.11 O9.5V 736 0
10 Mayrit 425070 Y*O 05 39 11.4014704592 -02 33 32.826664924 21.773 21.52 19.94 18.32 16.43 M5e 25 0
11 V* TW Hya TT* 11 01 51.9054298616 -34 42 17.031550898   11.94 10.50 10.626 9.18 K6Ve 1491 1
12 TWA 29 LM* 12 45 14.1609543807 -44 29 07.737190128         18.0 M9.5p 41 0
13 NAME Lup Cloud SFR 16 03 -38.1           ~ 498 0
14 SONYC Lup3-5 LM* 16 08 16.0418067283 -39 03 04.322083980   17.74 19.92 18.15 15.28 M7.5 19 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.03.30-00:46:51

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